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ITS » Books » Arsitektur Posted by firstname.lastname@example.org at 05/04/2012 10:23:40 • 1893 Views
URBAN LAND POLICY AND HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
SURABAYA AS A CASE STUDY
Author : SOEMARNO, ISPURWONO ( None )
There have been predictions that urban population will increase dramatically around the globe especially in developing countries. Cities become sources of progress and urbanproductivity is crucial to national development. In developing countries especially in Asia cities often double in size and population within a decade. Despite being engines of socio-economic development most Asia cities are unfortunately also sources of poverty and centres of environmental deterioration. As a consequence of the above facts land inevitably becomes an important factor and usually the most critical problem in urban development.
In Indonesian cities the development f land is managed through a system of permits the fisrt of which is the-so-called location permit. The objective of this permit is to ensure that the intended investment is in line with the sosio-economic policy of the government. It also gives the holder theright to invest in the property and leads to the right to buy land wholly or partially from whoever owns it. In practice the permi confers amonopoly to purchase and accordingly the permit holder can put pressure on the landowners by offering a verly low price for the land that might be impossible for them to accept. In most cases the permits holders can control the best part of the urban land while low-income people are pushed to fringe areas. Acces to urban land for housing activities by low-income people can thereby be restricted. At the same time the system appears tio lead to fragmented ineffication development and environment degradation.
The objective of this research is to explore alternatives for land permit system that will be better suited for urban housing development in Indonesia. A case study approach was chosen and Suarabaya was selected as a case study city. There were four types of respondent for this research namely government officials staff or Real Estate Indonesia housing developers and landowners. The research was done through the following steps. First a desk study was carried out to gain sufficient information about the location permit process. This was used to prepare questionnaires for interview purpuses and to identify potential respondents. Second interviews were done with government officials connected with the location permit system and with members of the Real Estate Indonesia association. By comparing these interviews respondents from among the housing developers were selected and interviewed. In selecting the developers the exact case study areas could be specified and the previous landowners could also be indentified. The next inteviews were carried out with the previous landowners as respondents. The interview results were then tabulated and analysed and conclusions were extracted from this analysis.
From the analysis it was found that the location permit system it self is not the whole problem. It is closely related the other problems such as inconsistency in law enforcement poor management incompleteness or lack of regulations ill-paid civil servant andor collusion and nepotism. If accountability and transparency were maintained while relevant laws were properly enforerced many of the above problems could be overcome. Homever it is clear that the loaction permit system is so open to abuse that it would be sensible to explore alternatives that would achieve the desired ends without suffering the problems.
Source Urban Land policy and housing develpoment in Indonesia, 2011
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