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ITS » Master Theses » MANAJEMEN KINERJA STRATEGIS
Posted by fandikaaqsa@yahoo.co.id at 10/12/2014 19:34:33  •  1142 Views


ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN INDUSTRI HILIR KELAPA SAWIT DI INDONESIA DENGAN PENDEKATAN SISTEM DINAMIK

ANALYSIS OF PALM DOWNSTREAM INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA USING SYSTEM DYNAMIC APPROACH

Author :
FAJARIKA, DIAN ( 2512205003 )




ABSTRAK

Indonesia adalah negara yang kaya akan sumber daya alam berupa kelapa sawit. Hal ini menuntut upaya-upaya untuk memberikan nilai tambah komoditas dan mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap ekspor bahan mentah untuk industri kelapa sawit. Komoditas minyak kelapa sawit merupakan komoditas yang memiliki kontribusi besar terhadap perekonomian Indonesia. Saat ini Indonesia merupakan penghasil minyak kelapa sawit terbesar di dunia dengan jumlah sebesar 26.5 juta ton pada tahun 2012 dan menyumbangkan devisa negara sebanyak 20.19 milyar dolar AS. Namun komoditas ini belum menghasilkan nilai tambah yang optimal bagi perekonomian negara dikarenakan masih sedikitnya penggunaan minyak kelapa sawit yang hanya 35 untuk industri hilir. Pengembangan industri hilir minyak kelapa sawit merupakan permasalahan yang kompleks dan harus direncanakan dengan cermat. Hal ini dikarenakan minyak sawit disamping dimanfaatkan untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan nonpangan juga harus memberi prioritas terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan. Kebijakan pemerintah Indonesia untuk penggunaan energi terbarukan seperti biofuel berbasis minyak sawit mentah crude palm oil merupakan tantangan dalam mengelola kelapa sawit agar tidak mengganggu ketahanan pangan negara. Namun sampai saat ini pemerintah belum melakukan analisis kebijakan untuk mengantisipasi masalah ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis sistem terkait dan merumuskan kebijakan yang berpengaruh pada industri hilir kelapa sawit terutama industri minyak goreng dan biodiesel. Analisis dilakukan dari model kebijakan industri hilir kelapa sawit di Indonesia dengan pertimbangan keseimbangan sektor pangan dan non pangan dengan memanfaatkan pendekatan sistem dinamik. Indikator kinerja sistem yang digunakan yaitu pertumbuhan ekonomi pemanfaatan sumber daya lahan yang berkesinambungan dan keseimbangan kebutuhan CPO untuk pangan dan nonpangan. Hasil running skenario menunjukkan bahwa skenario yang terbaik adalah kombinasi dari skenario penghapusan impor minyak goreng sawit dan peningkatan rendemen minyak sawit mentah yang merupakan skenario yang paling mendekati target pemerintah dalam pengembangan industri hilir minyak sawit mentah.


ABSTRACT

Indonesia is a rich country in natural resources such as palm oil. This potential requires significant efforts in providing value-added commodities and reducing dependency to exported material in the palm oil industry. Palm oil is a commodity that has great contribution in Indonesian economy. Currently Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer in the world which total amount of 26.5 million tons in 2012 and donated devisen 20.19 billion US. However this commodity has not been optimal in providing added value to the economy of this country due to the small portion of palm oil utilization which is only 35 in its downstream industry. The development of palm oil downstream industry is a complex issue and should be planned carefully. Palm oil is utilized not only to fulfill non-food demand but also give priority to food demand. Indonesian government s policy decides to use palm oil as raw material for renewable energy such as biofuels. This policy is a challenge in managing palm oil in order not to interfere the state of food security. However the government has not been doing policy analysis to anticipate this problem. This research aims to analyze related system and to formulate alternative policies related system regarding palm oil downstream industry in Indonesia especially palm cooking oil and biodiesel. The analysis was done after established a dynamic model in palm oil downstream industry in Indonesia using system dynamic approach. This mechanism is utilized to balance food and non-food sectors. The indicators in this research are economic growth utilization of land resources and crude palm oil sustainable for food and non-food sectors. The result shows that a combination of palm cooking oil import elimination scenario and crude palm oil yield increase is the closest scenario to government s target in developing palm oil downstream industry development.



Keywordsminyak kelapa sawit ; industri hilir ; sistem dinamik
 
Subject:  Manajemen Perindustrian
Contributor
  1. Dr. Ir. I Ketut Gunarta, M.T
  2. Erwin Widodo, ST, M.Eng. Dr.Eng
Date Create: 10/12/2014
Type: Text
Format: PDF
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-25103140001099
Collection ID: 25103140001099
Call Number: RTI 003.85 Faj a


Source
Master Thesis of Industrial Engineering RTI 003.85 Faj a, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-34624-2512205003-Abstract_id.pdf - 167 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-34624-2512205003-Abstract_en.pdf - 199 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-34624-2512205003-Conclusion.pdf - 171 KB




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