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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Teknik Lingkungan-S2 MMT
Posted by yeni at 10/01/2007 14:29:06  •  7311 Views


PENGENDALIAN PENCEMARAN PESTISIDA MELALUI PENERAPAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI PENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU PHT PADA KELOMPOK TANI DI WILAYAH JAYAPURA PROPINSI PAPUA

Author :
ACHMADY, LA  




ABSTRAK

Teknologi Pengendalian Hama Terpadu PHT telah diterapkan di Indonesia sejak diberlakukannya INPRES Nomor. 3 Tahun 1986. Sosialisasi teknologi PHT telah dilakukan melalui latihan Sekolah Lapangan PHT SLPHT kepada para petani dalam rangka merubah pola pengendalian hama dan penyakit tanaman dari pola ketergantungan terhadap pestisida menjadi pola yang mengedepankan kemampuan ekosistem dalam menekan serangan hama dan penyakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasikan tingkat persepsi petani tingkat penerapan dan pengembangan teknologi PHT serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Penelitian dilakukan di wilayah Jayapura Propinsi Papua kepada kelompok tani alumni SLPHT dan kelompok tani bukan alumni SLPHT. Sebanyak 120 petani contoh ditentukan sebagai responden pada 7 wilayah kecamatan di 10 desa. Masing-masing kelompok tani dipilih secara acak untuk menentukan 6 orang petani sebagai responden. Data yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini dianalisa secara kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Untuk melihat faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penerapan dan pengembangan PHT di tingkat petani dilakukan analisis statistik terhadap variabel-variabel yang diamati. Berdasarkan penelitian dihasilkan bahwa - Pelatihan PHT SLPHT telah mampu merubah persepsi petani akan pentingnya teknologi PHT dalam mengelola hama dan penyakit pada usahatani mereka. - Pelatihan PHT SLPHT telah dapat mempengaruhi perilaku petani terhadap pengelolaan hama dan penyakit sesuai prinsip-prinsip pengelolaan ekosistem namun para petani belum dapat melepaskan diri sama sekali dari penggunaan pestisida. - Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan penerapan dan pengembangan teknologi PHT adalah antara lain tingkat pendidikan dan umur petani peserta SLPHT curahan waktu untuk usahatani kemampuan untuk pengambilan keputusan tekanan dari pihak luar dan unsur-unsur dinamika kelompok tani. - Bahwa pelatihan PHT SLPHT berdampak terhadap menurunnya penggunaan pestisida sehingga berpengaruh pada peningkatan pendapatan petani dibanding para petani yang tidak mengikuti pelatihan SLPHT. - Dalam pengembangan teknologi PHT penggunaan varitas tahantoleran menjadi pilihan utama para petani disebabkan karena penerapannya diintegrasikan dengan pola tanam setempat.


ABSTRACT

Technology of integrated Pest Control PHT has been applied in Indonesia since Inpres No.3 1986 was issued. Technology Socialization of PHT has been done through Field School Training of PHT SLPHT to farmers with the purpose to change the way how to control pest and plant disease from depending on pesticide to a system of how to consider most important on ecosystem ability to press downreduce pest raid and disease. The objective of this study is to evaluate level of farmers perception level of application and the development of PHT technology also the affecting factors. This study was done in territory of Jayapura Papua Province to farmers as alumni of SLPHT and non-alumni farmers. 120 farmers as sample decided to be respondents in 7 districts area in 10 villages. Each groupteam of the farmers is chosen at random to determine 6 farmers as respondents. The data received from this study is analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Statistical analysis of the examined variables is done to see the factors which affect the application and development of PHT in farmers level. Based on the study some outcomes are as follows - PHT training SLPHT has been able to change the farmers perception to the significance of PHT technology in managing pest and disease for their farming work. - PHT training SLPHT has been able to influence farmers attitude about pest and disease management principles however they are still unable to free themselves from using pesticide. - Some factors that influence the success of application and development of PHT technology are level of education age of farmers as participants of SLPHT time devotion for their farming work ability to make a decision pressure from outside and dynamical elements of farmers. - That PHT training SLPHT has the impact of reducing the use of pesticide so that it gives an effect to the increase of their income compared to those who do not participate in SLPHT training. - In the development of PHT technology the use of prooftolerance variety becomes the fanners choice because of its application which is integrated with the local planting system.



KeywordsPENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU (PHT) ;PAPUA
 
Contributor
  1. Dr. Ir. Joni Hermana MSc.ES
Date Create: 10/01/2007
Type: Text
Format: pdf; 102 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100002015225
Collection ID: 3100002015225
Call Number: 632.3 Ach p


Source
Theses Environment Engineering Management RT 632.3 Ach p, 2002

Coverage
ITS Community

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Copyright @2002 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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