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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Teknik Lingkungan-S2 MMT
Posted by tedjo at 11/01/2007 14:29:45  •  11786 Views


STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN RUMAH POTONG HEWAN RPH ENTROP DAN PEMOTONGAN LIAR TERNAK SAPIDIJAYAPURA DALAM RANGKA ENGURANGIDAMPAK NEGATIF YANG DITIMBULKAN

A STRATEGY TO MANAGE ENTROP SLAUGHTER HOUSE AND ILLEGAL SLAUGHTER HOUSES IN JAYAPURA TO MINIMIZE THE NEGATIVE IMPACT

Author :
PINTADEWA, ALEXANDER RADJASA  




ABSTRAK

Rumah Potong Hewan RPH adalah sebagai tempat untuk melaksanakan kegiatan pemotongan hewan sesuai dengan prosedur yang berlaku. Di Jayapura terdapat sebuah RPH yang pelayanannya belum sesuai dengan apa yang diharapkan. Keadaan tersebut berakibat pada munculnya tempat - tempat pemotongan liar. Dampak dari pemotongan liar tersebut adalah timbulnya limbah yang akan mempengaruhi kesehatan lingkungan. Hal tersebut perlu diteliti tingkat pelayanan RPH ditinjau dari aspek non teknis teknis dan penanganan limbah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi munculnya pemotongan liar untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh persepsi masyarakat terhadap fungsi dan manfaat RPH serta menetapkan strategi yang perlu dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di RPH Entrop dan pada lokasi - lokasi pemotongan liar di wilayah kota Jayapura. Pengumpulan data dilakukan meliputi data primer dan sekunder. Data sekunder diperoleh dari instansi terkait tingkat Kabupaten dan Kota. Sedangkan data primer diperoleh dari responden dan pengamatan langsung ditingkat lapangan. Data diolah dengan metoda deskriptif dan dianalisis secara tabulasi. Dari penelitian diperoleh hasil bahwa RPH Entrop belum dikelola dengan baik ditinjau dari aspek manajemen peralatan dan pengolahan limbah. RPH Entrop belum berfungsi optimal sebagaimana yang ditetapkan sesuai ketentuan yang berlaku sehingga berdampak pada munculnya lokasi - lokasi pemotongan liar di masyarakat. Persepsi masyarakat terhadap RPH Entrop pada saat ini kurang baik. Dampak negatif yang ditimbulkan dari RPH Entrop dan pemotongan liar adanya gangguan kenyamanan berupa bau timbulnya rasa cemas akibat pembuangan limbah terjadinya pencemaran di sekitar lingkungan pemukiman produk daging yang dihasilkan diragukan kehalalannya dan daging yang dihasilkan kurang higienes. Strategi pengelolaan terhadap RPH Entrop adalah dialih fungsikan dan untuk menjaga kesinambungan pemotongan ternak segera dipindahkan pada RPH Yoka.. Terhadap pemotongan liar perlu diberikan bantuan fasilitas sarana dan prasarana yang standar serta pelatihan pengelolaan kepada pemotong liar untuk menjadi tempat pemotongan ternak yang resmi dalam pengawasan pemerintah. Perlu dibangun RPH berskala kecil dekat dengan sentra produksi ternak dan diawasi oleh pemerintah. Sosialisasi tentang ketentuan pemotongan ternak dilakukan melalui penyuluhan pendidikan dan pelatihan kepada para pemotong liar dan masyarakat umumnya.


ABSTRACT

A slaughter house is a legal place for slaughtering livestock in which the process of slaughtering should follow the right procedure but the fact is the service of slaughter house in Jayapura is not as it is expected. This causes the emergence of unlicensed or illegal slaughter houses. The impact of this will influence the environmental health. To find out the factors which cause the emergence of illegal slaughter houses and to what extent the peoples perception about the functions and the advantage of slaughter house the study on the service of slaughter house need to be done either from technical or non technical point of view in order to be able to determine the right strategy which need to be taken. This study is carried out in the Entrop slaughter house and in other places in Jayapura. The data collected covers primary and secondary data. The secondary data is collected from the related department while primary data is collected from respondents and observation on the site after that it is processed with descriptive method and then tabulated. The result of the study indicates that from the point of view of management equipment and waste treatment. Entrop slaughter house is not managed very well. The peoples perception about this slaughter house is not good because of the bad smell waste and other pollution which are caused by this slaughter house. The meat produced by this house is considered hygienic. These problems cause the emergence of illegal slaughter houses. To maintain the sustainability of Entrop slaughter house the function of this house is changed and the activity and management are moved to Yoka slaughter house. And to overcome the problems that are caused by illegal slaughter houses it is suggested that they be supported with standard facilities guidance and training on how to slaughter using the standard procedure and finally they can be legal slaughter houses under the supervision of government. Small slaughter houses also need to be established close to animal husbandry. They have to be under the supervision of government.



KeywordsRumah Potong Hewan ; Tempat Pemotongan Liar ; Limbah
 
Contributor
  1. Ir. J.B. Widiadi, M.Eng.Sc
Date Create: 11/01/2007
Type: Text
Format: Pdf ; 63 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100002016021
Collection ID: 3100002016021
Call Number: 628 Pin s,


Source
Theses Master of Technology Management RT 628 Pin s, 2002

Coverage
ITS Community

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Copyright @2002 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-Master-3100002016021-1222.pdf




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