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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Pembangunan Kota-S2 MMT
Posted by venty at 13/01/2007 14:51:01  •  5979 Views


KAJIAN KONVERSILAHAN PERTANIAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARARAT STUDI KASUS KAWASAN JALAN LINGKAR KRIAN KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

ABSTRACT STUDY OF AGRICULTURE LAND CONVERSION AND ITS IMPLICATION TO THE SOCIAL ECONOMY LIFE OF SOCIETY Case Study about Area ofJalan Lingkar Krian Sidoarjo regency

Author :
Sangadji, Sanadjihitu  




ABSTRAK

Kabupaten Sidoarjo sebenarnya memiliki potensi pertanian yang cukup diandalkan karena memiliki lahan pertanian yang subur sehingga Kabupaten Sidoarjo pernah ditetapkan sebagai salah satu wilayah lumbung beras di Propinsi Jawa Timur. Sebagai wilayah yang berdekatan dengan KMS serta didukung oleh tata air dan prasarana transportasi yang memadai seperti jalan tol sehingga memudahkan pergerakan masyarakat maka Kabupaten Sidoarjo telah mengalami perkembangan yang cukup pesat terutama di sektor industri dan perumahan. Dengan perkembangan ini kebutuhan akan ruang lahan semakin meningkat. Hal demikian akan berdampak kepada pemanfaatan lahan pertanian walaupun produktif sehingga akan terjadi konversi lahan pertanian ke kegiatan non pertanian di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Berdasarkan gambaran tersebut penelitian ini mencoba mengkaji konversi lahan pertanian serta untuk mengetahui implikasinya terhadap kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat di kawasan jalan lingkar Krian Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Variabel-variabel yang diteliti adalah pola dan laju konversi lahan pertanian faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan terjadinya konversi lahan pertanian dan kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat. Metode penelitian utama yang digunakan adalah Metode Survey dengan menggunakan empat instrumen penelitian yaitu angket wawancara observasi dan telaah dokumen. Sedangkan dalam analisis digunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan statistik uji t untuk menguji hipotesis dan analisis kualitatif untuk mendeskripsikan pola laju dan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap konversi lahan pertanian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola proses konversi lahan di kawasan jalan lingkar Krian mengikuti pola formal dengan melibatkan pemermtah sementara laju terjadinya konversi lahan adalah mengikuti fungsi jalan dan skala pelayanan. Sedangkan faktor intern yang paling berpengaruh terhadap konversi lahan pertanian di kawasan ini adalah tingginya harga lahan disamping faktor-faktor intern lain seperti sulitnya tenaga kerja produktifitas lahan menurun dan tingginya biaya operasional dan faktor-faktor eksternal seperti pertumbuhan penduduk perkembangan ekonomi wilayah dan kebijaksanaan pemerintah yang meliputi privatisasi kawasan industri pembangunan permukiman skala besar dan deregulasi investasi dan perijinan. Ada perbedaan tetapi dengan tingkat signifikan yang rendah kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat sebelum dan sesudah konversi lahan. Setelah konversi lahan kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat cenderung meningkat. Atas dasar tersebut maka peneliti merekomendasikan bahwa perlu adanya kebijakan pemerintah mereorientasi ekonomi masyarakat pedesaan membuat zonasi yang tepat dan konsekuen untuk kegiatan-kegiatan non pertanian memperhatikan faktor tenaga kerja dan permodalan di sektor pertanian dan memfasilitasi terciptanya lapangan pekerjaan baru di wilayah pedesaan.


ABSTRACT

Sidoarjo Regency actually has reliable agriculture potential because it has fertile agriculture land therefore Sidoarjo Regency has been stated as one of rice storage area in East Java Province. As the area near Surabaya city and supported by adequate water arrangement and transportation infrastructure like highway to enable society movement so Sidoarjo Regency has the quite rapid growth especially in industry and housing sector. With this growth requirement of space land is getting more and more increasing. Those thing will effect to the using of farming land even though its productive so it will cause conversion of agriculture land to non-farming activity in Sidoarjo regency. Based on the view this research tries to study the farming land conversion and to discover its implication to the social economy life of society in the area of Jalan Lingkar Krian Sidoarjo regency. Observed variables are pattern and conversion rate of farming land factors that cause conversion of farming land and social economy life of society. The used main research method is Survey method by using four research instruments i.e. questionnaire interview observation and document study. And in analysis quantitative approach is used by t-test statistics to test hypotheses and qualitative analysis to describe pattern rate and factors affecting conversion of farming land. The result shows that pattern of land conversion process in area of jalan lingkar Krian follows the formal pattern by involving the government and rate of land conversion is to follow the function of street and service scale. And the most affecting internal factor to the conversion of farming land in this area is high price of land beside the other internal factors like the difficulties of labors decreasing land productivity and high operational cost and external factors like people growth areal economic development and government policy consist of privacy of industry area big scale residence development and investment deregulation and license. There are differences but with low significance level of social economy life of society before and after land conversion. After the land conversion social economy life of society tends to increase. For those basics therefore researcher recommended that it requires government policy to do the reorientation of village society to make right zonation and consequent for non farming activity pay attention to the labor factor and investment in farming sector and facilitate the creation of new working field in village area.



KeywordsLahan pertanian; konversi; sosial ekonomi masyarakat
 
Contributor
  1. Ir. Herbasuki Wibowo, MUP., PhD.
    Ir. Eko Budi Santoso, Lic.rer.reg
Date Create: 05/08/2002
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 87 p
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003017636
Collection ID: 3100003017636
Call Number: 333.73 San k


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Contruction Managemant RT 333.73 San k

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