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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Operasional (S2)
Posted by anis at 03/01/2007 08:23:02  •  22285 Views


PERENCANAAN SISTEM PENGENDALIAN SUMBER DAYA DENGAN METODE LINTASAN KRITIS PADA PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN JALAN LINGKAR WILANGAN NGANJUK

RESOURCE CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN USING CRITICAL PATH METHOD OF WILANGAN RING ROAD CONSTRUCTION PROJECT IN NGANJUK

Author :
MA'RUF, MARTIN 




ABSTRAK

Perencanaan Penjadwalan Proyek sebagai pegangan Pengendalian Sumber Daya di lapangan sering menjadi tidak bermanfaat bila pada implementasinya terjadi kendala di lapangan terutama jika dihadapkan pada kelangkaan sumber daya. Berdasarkan pengamatan yang biasa dilakukan didalam menyusun perencanaan jadwal selama ini adalah merencanakan jadwal dengan asumsi bahwa sumber daya selalu tersedia. Penelitian ini bertujuan memberikan tolok ukur sasaran proyek dalam proses perencanaan memperoleh alternatif metode Perencanaan Penjadwalan Proyek yang efektif dan efisien mendapatkan perencanaan sistem pengendalian sumber daya yang memadai dan realistis memberikan alternatif solusi pada pengelolaan proyek sebelumnya. Adapun obyek penelitian dilakukan di Proyek Pembangunan Jalan Lingkar Wilangan Nganjuk. Langkah awal yang perlu dilakukan adalah mengidentifikasi permasalahan yang dihadapi proyek sebelumnya mengumpulkan dan menganalisa data dan informasi merancang penjadwalan dengan menggunakan metode Lintasan Kritis menganalisa penjadwalan dengan mempertimbangkan ketersediaan sumber daya dan mengoptimasi hubungan jadwal dan biaya proyek. Pada perencanaan jadwal awal dengan tidak mempertimbangkan ketersediaan sumber daya di lapangan kegiatan proyek memerlukan waktu penyelesaian 159 hari dan biaya sebesar Rp. 3.126.531.62111. Setelah dilakukan analisa dengan memperhatikan sumber daya yang tersedia berakibat pada penambahan biaya sumber daya untuk kegiatan kerja lembur sebesar Rp. 10.481.62500 dan kegiatan ini memerlukan waktu penyelesaian 169 hari akan tetapi setelah dilakukan pengurangan dipersingkat waktu hingga mencapai anggaran dan waktu yang disediakan didapat biaya proyek sebesar Rp. 3.119.999.69900 dan waktu kegiatan 159 hari Dari hasil analisa yang telah dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa didalam merencanakan Jadwal yang realistis sebagai pegangan Pengendalian Sumber Daya Proyek diperlukan beberapa langkah yaitu mengidentifikasi kebutuhan dan ketersediaan sumber daya tindakan pengaturan waktu mulai kegiatan memproyeksi dan meratakan penggunaan sumber daya serta menganalisa hubungan jadwal dan biaya sehingga didapat suatu perencanaan jadwal yang paling effektif dan ekonomis. Dari hasil analisa perencanaan ini walaupun terjadi penambahan biaya sumber daya namun dengan memperhitungkan biaya tak langsung ternyata dihasilkan penghematan biaya keseluruhan proyek sebesar Rp.6.849.04100 dan terpenuhinya target waktu kurang dari 160 hari


ABSTRACT

Project Scheduling Plan as a guidance of Resource Control in field will be useless if its implementation has a lot of trouble in field especially it faces a resource rareness. Based on the observation a policy ussually performed to arrange a schedule plan is planning a schedule with an insurance that the resource is always available. The research is intended to give a standart size in accordance with the project target in planning process to get an alternative Project Scheduling Plan method and eventually we get the most effective and efficient to get a adequate and realistic planning of Project Resource Control System to give an altenative solution for in advance of project management. The research object was performed in the Wilangan Ring Road Construction Project in Nganjuk. The first step to do is identifying some problems faced by the previous project collecting and analyzing a schedule the data and information designing a schedule by using a Critical Path Method analyzing a schedule by considering the resource avaibility and maximizing the schedule and project cost relationship. At the beginning of the schedule Plan we didnt consider a resource avaibility in the field in which the project activity needed a finishing time of 159 days with a total cost at Rp. 312653162111. After we had analyzed the available resource we foung an extra cost of over-time work at Rp. 1048162500 and the activity needed a finishing time 169 days but after the time accelaration including the budget and time allocation we found that the project cost was Rp. 311999999900 and the finishing time was 159 days. From the analysis result we conclude that we need several steps to plan a realistic schedule as a guidance of Project Resource Control. The steps we mean are indentifyng all needs and resource availability the beginning of activity projecting and sharing the resource analyzing the cost and schedule relationship and eventually we get the most economical and effective schedule plan. Although there is an extra cost in resource calculating and indirect cost in the planning analysis as a matter of fact we find the whole project cost saving at Rp. 684904100 and the finishing time fullfillment of les than 160 days.



KeywordsPengendalian Sumber Daya Proyek;Jalan Lingkar Wilangan
 
Subject:  Manajemen proyek
Contributor
  1. Dr. Ir. SUPARNO, MSIE
    Ir. SRI GUNANI PARWATI, MT
Date Create: 03/01/2007
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 84 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003017762
Collection ID: 3100003017762
Call Number: 621.367 Mun s


Source
Theses Manajemen Operasional RT 658.404 Ma'r p, 2002

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