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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Pembangunan Kota-S2 MMT
Posted by eny at 23/12/2006 17:50:01  •  21821 Views


PENGARUH KEGIATAN PERTAMBANGAN BAHAN GALIAN GOLONGAN C TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN FISIK KOTA JAYAPURA

THE INFLUENCE OF MINING ACTIVITY OF MATERIAL GROUP C ON JAYAPURA

Author :
Parinussa, Roberth M. 




ABSTRAK

Perkembangan Kota Jayapura sebagai Ibukota Propinsi Papua tidak lepas dari pembangunan Phisik yang meningkat pesat baik sarana maupun prasarana dimana salah satu faktor penunjang utama adalah ketersediaan material bahan galian pertambangan golongan C Kondisi ini secara tidak langsung merangsang meningkatnya eksploitasi bahan galian tersebut disamping faktor geologis yaitu Kota jayapura merupakan daerah perbukitan yang hampir 90 mengandung bahan galian Golongan C Juga tidak memerlukan teknologi serta investasi yang dibutuhkan tidak besar. . Akibat dari eksploitasi secara besar-besaran maka menimbulkan dampakterutama dampak negatif yaitu terjadinya degradasi lingkungan phisik berupa curamnya kelerengan 50 hingga 81 . Bentuk kerusakan lingkungan ini dapat terjadi karena lemahnya sistirn baik dalam mengelola maupun pengawasan dimana kondisi ini terjadi hampir diseluruh kabupaten di Provinsi Papua. Faktor-faktor yang sangat berpengaruh terhadap kondisi ini antara lain Teknik dan tata cara penambangan yang tidak benar tidak adalengkap dokumen lingkungan UKLUPL serta faktor Kelembagaan yang sangat berperan didalam Pembimbingan Pengawasandan perijinan. Penentuan komponen secara matematis terhadap faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kerusakan lingkungan digunakan analisis statistik berupa Analis Uji T dan analisa Regresi serta perhitungan metode Coulumb Navier yaitu untuk menghitung dan mengetahui kategori tingkat kelerengan berupa tidak aman kritis atau mantap. Kondisi kerusakan lingkungan ini dapat dihindari semaksimal mungkin jika faktr-faktor yang berpengaruh dapat dijalankan dengan baik. minimal dapat ditekan seminimal mungkin jika mekanisme kegiatan penambangan ini berjalan sesuai kondisi normatif serta sambil melakukan upaya pembenahan kedepan


ABSTRACT

The development of Jayapura as the capital city of Papua Province cannot be seperated from the rapid increase of physical development of that city either the facilities or the infrastructure. One main factor to support this development is the availability of material which is easy to mine because the geological aspect of Jayapura that this city is hilly area and 90 of it contains material group C supports the exploitation of that material. Besides this activity does not require sophisticated technology and big investment The impact of this exploitation on the environment is very big which causes the hill to became slanting sloping reaching50 81. This environmental damage occurs due to the weak management and suporvision systems. In fact this problem happens in almost all regencies in Papua Province. The most influential factors to make this condition happen are caused by the wrong technique of mining the insufficient environmental documents for mining from UKLUPL and the institutuition which has the role of giving guidence supervision and issuing permint. To determine the most influential factors on the environmental damage statistic analysis such as T-Test and regression analysis are used while Coulumb navier method is used to calculate and to find out the degree the level of slanting in terms of being unsafe critical stable. The environmental damage can actually be avoided provided that the most influential factors which make this condition happen are carried out very well or at least minimized if the mechanisn of mining activity is suitable with normative condition while making an effort to improve the condition in the future



KeywordsEnvironmental damage ; Mining technique ; UKL/UPL documents ; Institution aspects
 
Subject:  Tata Lingkungan
Contributor
  1. Ir. Herbasuki Wibowo, MUP, PhD.
    Ir. Putu Rudy Satiawan, MSc.
Date Create: 11/01/2002
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 84 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003018397
Collection ID: 3100002015930
Call Number: 363.7 Par p


Source
Theses Magister Management Technology RT 363.7 Par p, 2002

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