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ITS » Master Theses » Pemukiman Kota dan Lingkungan - S2
Posted by anis at 24/12/2006 14:23:59  •  21076 Views


PERUBAHAN PERUMAHAN KAMPUNG ARAB DI GRESIK DARI SUDUT-TINJAU DEKONSTRUKSI

THE CHANGE OF THE ARAB KAMPUNG HOUSING IN GRESIK FROM THE DECONSTRUCTION POINT OF VIEW

Author :
RATNIARSIH, IKA 




ABSTRAK

Filsafat dekonstruksi Derrida menawarkan pemahaman dan perspektif baru tentang arsitektur sehingga proses pemikiran kembali rethinking premis dan kaidah tradisi arsitektur dapat dilakukan. Arsitektur sebagai suatu hasil karya dapat dipandang sebagai kumpulan tanda-tanda atau sebuah teks yang mengkomunikasikan nilai-nilai makna arti yang ada dibalik wujud fisiknya. Oleh karenanya ada peluang untuk membaca dengan strategi dan metode dekonstruksi Derrida. Walaupun aspek arsitektur dalam kajian permukiman relatif sedikit tetapi Derrida telah menawarkan pola berpikir yang sama untuk aspek permukiman perumahan. Gresik sebagai kota pelabuhan pertama di Jawa Timur dari Leran pindah ke Gresik berperanan penting dalam rute perdagangan Internasional pada jalur Selatan Selat Malaka - Laut Jawa - Maluku selain sebagai rute perdagangan dunia juga sejalan dengan rute perkembangan dan penyebaran agama Islam. Syech Maulana Malik Ibrahim ulama penyebar agama Islam di Jawa mendarat di desa Leran pada abad ke 13 beliau kebanggaan para penguasa pada jaman Majapahit sehingga beliau diangkat sebagai syah bandar pertama di Gresik dan diberi tanah kekuasaan di desa Gapuro dekat pelabuhan Gresik yang kini dikenal sebagai batas wilayah Desa Gapurosukolilo dan terletak di pusat kota Gresik Gresik kota lama. Kini wilayah itu adalah salah satu kampung tua di Gresik dan disebut Kampung Arab Malik Ibrahim. Penduduknya mayoritas keturunan Arab-Yaman. Jika dilihat dari tampilan pola tatanan dan fungsi perumahan di kampung ini terjadi perubahan yang khas dan mencolok kontrasdobrakdekonstruksi antara kondisi di masa lalu dan masa kini. Perubahan kondisi itu disebabkan oleh perubahan pola perilaku dan mata pencaharian penduduk Kampung Arab atau oleh sebab-sebab yang lain. Terkait dengan hal diatas maka bagaimanakah perubahan perumahan di Kampung Arab Malik Ibrahim Gresik dari sudut tinjau dekonstruksi Untuk itu metode penelitian yang dipakai adalah Metode Penelitian Deskriptip dan Penelitian Historis yang bertujuan meneliti secara intensif fenomena yang terjadi pada saat ini. Analisa dilakukan secara kualitatip dan kwantitatip dengan mengambil kasus di wilayah RWII Kampung Arab Malik Ibrahim Desa Gapurosukolilo Kecamatan Gresik Kabupaten Gresik. Adapun hasil penelitian yang didapat bahwa melalui sudut-tinjau Dekonstruksi Perumahan Kampung Arab Gresik telah mengalami perubahan pada tampilan perumahannya dari tertutup menjadi terbuka dan pada pola tatanan perumahannya dari berpola khusus menjadi berpola tidak khusus


ABSTRACT

The philosophy of Derrida Deconstruct ion offers the comprehension and new perspective in architecture so that the process of rethinking on premise and term the architecture tradition can be done. Architecture as an achievement can be considered as a group of signs and a text which communicates values meanings behind its phisical appearance. Therefore there is a chance to read by the strategy and method of Derrida Deconstruction. Though there are a few dwelling instruction on the architecture aspect but the Derrida has offered the same pattern of thinking for dwelling housing aspect. Gresik as the first harbour city in East Java moved from Leran to Gresik had an important role in the international trade route in the South route Malaka Strait - Java Ocean - Maluku beside as the world trade route also as the development and spreading of Islam Religion. Syech Maulana Malik Ibrahim the holyman spreading of Islam in Java landed on Leran village in 13th century he was the pride of authorities at Majapahit era and was appointed to be the first leader port in Gresik and given authority lands in Gapuro village near the Gresik harbour which known as the area border of Gapurosukolilo village and located in the town centre of Gresik the old town of Gresik. Now that area is one of the old kampung in Gresik and called the Malik Ibrahim Arab Kampung. Most of the populations are the Yaman-Arab descendents. If it is seen from the appearances the system patterns and the function housing in this kampung have to be the spesific and conspicuous of changing contrastdeconstruct from the past to the present time condition. The change of condition are caused by the change of behavior pattern and occupation of Arab kampung inhabitants or by other causes. Connected with the above cases how the changes of housing are in Kampung Arab Malik Ibrahim Gresik from the deconstruction point of view Therefore the research methods used are descriptive and historical research methods in order to research the phenomena intensively that is happened now. The analysis is qualitatively and quantitatively by taking the cases in the area of RW II Kampung Arab Malik Ibrahim Desa Gapurosukolilo Kecamatan Gresik Kabupaten Gresik. The result of the research explained that through the deconstruction point of view the Arab Kampung Housing in Gresik have been happened in the change of the impression of the housing appearance from closed to opened impressions and the system of the housing pattern from special to unspecial patterned housing system.



KeywordsDekonstruksi; Kampung Arab ; Deconstruction; Kampung Arab.
 
Subject:  perumahan
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. JOHAN SILAS
    Prof. Dr. Ir. HAPPY RATNA SANTOSA, Msc
Date Create: 24/12/2006
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 233 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003018397
Collection ID: 3100002014823
Call Number: 363.583 Rat p


Source
Theses Architecture RT 363.583 Rat p, 2001

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Copyright @2001 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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