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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Rekayasa Transportasi S2
Posted by ida at 20/12/2006 11:15:19  •  13657 Views


ANALISA PENGARUH FAKTOR PENYEBAB KECELAKAAN DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KESELAMATAN LALU LINTAS PADA RUAS JALAN PALANGKA RAYA - TANGKILING

ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT INFLUENCE FACTORS ON TRAFFIC SAFETY

Created by :
Y U R E N  



SubjectLalu Lintas
KeywordKecelakaan
pengemudi
pelaku
kendaraan
jalan
waktu
LHR
data

Description:

Jalan Palangka Raya - Tangkiling dengan panjang ruas 34 km merupakan bagian jalan Trans Kalimantan poros selatan. Dari tahun 1997 - 2001 volume lalu lintas meningkat dari 2070 smp menjadi 2812 smp, sementara angka kecelakaan lima tahun terakhir adalah 83. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor yang menyebabkan kecelakaan dalam upaya peningkatan keselamatan lalulintas pada ruas jalan Palangka Raya - Tangkiling. Data primer yang digunakan adalah data tata guna lahan, data geometrik jalan, data kerusakan permukaan jalan, data karakteristik dan perilaku pengemudi. Data sekunder yang digunakan adalah data kecelakaan dari 1997 - 2001, data IRMS dan data volume lalu lintas. Data yang diperoleh kemudian diuji dengan uji statistik sebagai berikut: uji dua rataan dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kepemilikan SIM, jenis kelamin dan tata guna lahan terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan; uji regresi dipakai untuk mengetahui pengaruh pertambahan lalu lintas dan geometrik jalan terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan; uji varian dipakai untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur, tingkat pendidikan dan profesi pelaku terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan; dan uji kesesuaian distribusi dipakai untuk mengetahui pengaruh cuaca terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan. Dari hasil penelitian didapat bahwa daerah rawan kecelakaan terletak pada STA 0+000 sampai dengan STA 8+000. Kondisi geometrik dan kerusakan permukaan jalan tidak berpengaruh terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan. Tata guna lahan, volume lalu lintas dan karakteristik pelaku berpengaruh terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan. Tipe tabrakan paling banyak yang terlibat kecelakaan adalah samping-depan yaitu sebesar 57,58%. Jenis kendaraan paling banyak yang terlibat kecelakaan adalah sepeda motor yaitu sebesar 44,27%. Korban kecelakaan paling banyak mengalami luka berat yaitu sebesar 58,59%. Dari hasil wawancara terhadap 1620 pengemudi di daerah rawan kecelakan terlihat bahwa karakteristik pengemudi yang paling dominan adalah sebagai berikut: berumur 16 -40 tahun (75,5%); memiliki SIM C (46,54%); memiliki tingkat pendidikan SLTP sampai dengan SLTA (74,45%) dan berprofesi swasta (40,11%). Sehingga, tata guna lahan, volume lalu lintas dan karakteristik pengemudi merupakan faktor-faktor paling besar yang mempengaruhi terjadinya kecelakaan.


Alt. Description

Palangka Raya - Tangkiling national road is part of southern Trans-Kalimantan has 34 km in length and 6 m to 12 m in width. From 1997 to 2001, the traffic volume was increased from 2070 pcu to 2812 pcu, while the number of accidents for the last 5 years was 83. The objectives of mis present research are to investigate the black spot and to determine the accident influence factors in order to improve traffic safety along the Palangka Raya - Tangkiling national road. Land use, road geometric and road surface condition were investigated along this road. Accident data from 1997 to 2001 and driving license data collections were provided by Police Department. IRMS and traffic volume were provided by Public Works Department. Some statistical tests were applied to investigate the different influence factors to the accidents. Root mean square test was conducted on driving license, gender and land-use data. Traffic volume and road geometric were investigated using the regression analysis. Analyze of variance was performed to observe the influence of driver's characteristic (age, level of education and profession). Goodness of fit test was applied to understand the influence of weather and time in day when the accident accused. The results show me black spot was situated at STA 0 + 000 to STA 8 + 000. It has been indicated that road geometric and road surface condition have no influence on the number of accidents. Land-use, traffic volume and driver's characteristic were the influence factors significantly affected the number of accidents. It can be observed that rear-head collision (57.8% out of 33 cases on black spot) was significant accident type. Motor cycle (44.27% out of 131 cases on black spot) was indicated as the most often vehicle type involved in the accident. An important remark should be made upon findings on the interview to 1620 drivers on the black spot. This observation shows that most of the drivers have the following characteristic: 75.5% were 16 - 40 years old; 46.54% had motor cycle driving license; 74.45% were secondary level graduate and 40.11% were private employees. Hence, the large influence of land-use, traffic volume and driver's characteristic are thought to be due to influence factors mostly affecting the accidents.

Contributor:
  1. Dr.Ir.Moses L. MSc. MReg.Sc.
    Ir.Arman hakim Nasution, MEng.
Date Create:20/12/2006
Type:Text
Format:pdf ; 98 pages
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Master-3100003018397
Collection ID:3100005018550
Call Number:363.125 Yur a


Source :
Theses Civil engineering RTS 363.125 Yur a, 2005

Coverage :
ITS Community

Rights :
Copyright @2005 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/analisa-pengaruh-faktor-penyebab-kecelakaan-dalam-upaya-peningkatan-keselamatan-lalu-lintas-pada-ruas-jalan-palangka-raya--tangkiling-34.html




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