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ITS » Master Theses » Teknik Manajemen Lingkungan S2
Posted by anis at 16/12/2008 15:49:34  •  5210 Views


EVALUASI PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI TPA SEGAWE KABUPATEN TULUNGAGUNG MENUJU SANITARY LANDFILL

EVALUATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AT SEGAWE FINAL DISPOSAL SITE IN TULUNGAGUNG TOWARDS SANITARY LANDFILL

Author :
Trianasari, Niken Setyawati 




ABSTRAK

Pengelolaan sampah di Kabupaten Tulungagung belum berjalan secara optimal. Sampah yang masuk ke Tempat Pembuangan Akhir TPA semakin meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Faktor penyebab utama adalah belum adanya reduksi dari sumber timbulan sampah. Langkah yang diambil untuk meningkatkan pengelolaan sampah adalah dengan mengelola TPA secara baik untuk mencapai kualitas lingkungan yang lebih baik. Sesuai Kebijakan dan Strategi Nasional Pengembangan Sistem Pengelolaan Persampahan metode pembuangan akhir yang tepat yaitu Metode Sanitary Landfill. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengelolaan sampah di TPA Segawe dan mengkaji langkah-langkah yang diperlukan untuk meningkatkan kondisi TPA Segawe menuju sanitary landfill ditinjau dari aspek teknis kelembagaan dan finansial. Dalam aspek teknik dilakukan analisis terhadap jumlah timbulan komposisi karakteristik sampah yang masuk dan perkiraan jumlah timbulan lindi. Dalam aspek kelembagaan dikaji analisis terhadap kinerja Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Permukiman dan Prasarana Wilayah PUPPW dengan menggunakan metode matriks SWOT. Sedangkan dalam aspek finansial metode Analisa Nilai Sekarang digunakan untuk menganalisis kelayakan investasi operasional dan pemeliharaan TPA. Volume timbulan sampah yang masuk TPA Segawe pada tahun 2015 sebesar 28735 m3hari atau 9253 tonhari. Dengan metode sanitary landfill luas lahan 27.4845 m2 harus dibagi menjadi 3 zona. Tanah penutup sudah tersedia di areal TPA Segawe. Pengolahan lindi dilakukan dengan proses biologis dengan menggunakan kolam anaerobik kolam fakultatif dan kolam maturasi dengan luas masing-masing 1.09329 m2 1.31195 m2 dan 10933 m2. Perkiraan effluen BOD 20 mgl. Untuk penyediaan sarana dan prasarana TPA menuju sanitary landfill diperlukan investasi baik dari pemerintah pusat pemerintah kabupaten maupun pihak swasta. Berdasarkan pada kondisi saat ini perlu peningkatan kualitas dan kuantitas SDM baik ditingkat regulatorplanner maupun operator.


ABSTRACT

Municipal solid waste MSW in Tulungagung Regency has not been managed well. The incoming MSW in the Final Disposal Site FDS increases from year to year. The main causing factor is the absence of reduction effort at source. Steps taken for improving the MSW management in this regency are to operate the FDS properly for ensuring better environmental quality. According to the National Policy and Strategy for Solid Waste Management System the appropriate final disposal method is Sanitary Landfill. This research was implemented to evaluate the MSW management at Segawe FDS and to study necessary steps to improve the existing condition of the final disposal system towards sanitary landfill by putting into consideration the technical institutional and financial aspects. The technical aspect being studied in this research included the incoming MSW quantity measurement composition proximate characteristics and leachate quantity estimation. The institutional aspect covered performance analysis of the Public Work Agency by using SWOT matrix method. Additionally Net Present Value was applied for measuring the feasibility of investment operation and maintenance of the FDS The MSW volume entering Segawe FDS in 2015 was 28735 m3day or 9253 tonsday. Application of sanitary landfill method resulted in the need of land area of 27.4845 m2 which had to be divided into 3 zones. Cover soil is available in Segawe FDS area. Leachate was planned to be treated biologically using an anaerobic pond a facultative pond and a maturation pond with areas of 1.09329 m2 of 1.31195 m2 of 10933 m2 respectively. The estimated BOD effluent was 20 mgL. The FDS facilities and infrastructures required for sanitary landfill operation is expected to be provided from state and local governments or private institutions. Current institutional condition in MSW required human resource quality improvement and additional number at regulatorsplanners and operators.



KeywordsMenuju sanitary landfill ; Sarana dan prasarana pengolahan lindi ; Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA)
 
Subject:  Sampah, Pembuangan
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. YULINAH TRIHADININGRUM, M.App.Sc
Date Create: 16/12/2008
Type: Text
Format: pdf.
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100008031152
Collection ID: 3100008031152
Call Number: RTL 628.445 Tri e


Source
Master Theses, MAGISTER PROGRAMME ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT RTL 628.445 Tri e, 2008

Coverage
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Copyright @2008 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-Master-3100008031152-2978.pdf




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