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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Rekayasa Transportasi S2
Posted by dewi007 at 21/08/2009 09:57:31  •  4074 Views


Effort to Improve the Dimension of Letters to Be Used Effectively for Highway Signs and Traffic Markings in Indonesia

Author :
Budiati, Anik ( 3102206009 )




ABSTRAK

Standarisasi terhadap alat pengendali lalu lintaspedoman yang dipakai di Indonesia masih mengacu pada Departemen Transportasi di Amerika yaitu Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices MUTCD 1971 dan beberapa negara lainnya yaitu Inggris yaitu Transportation and Road Research Laboratory TRRL 1977 dan negara India yaitu Indiana Road Congress 1968. Hal tersebut perlu kajian menggingat kata-kata yang digunakan pada umumnya dalam bahasa Inggris dan bila diterjemahkan kedalam bahasa Indonesia akam menjadi kalimat yang lebih panjang. Sebagai contoh TURN MEMUTAR PASSINGMENDAHULUI dan lain-lain. Perubahan tersebut akan menunjukan bahwa waktu baca yang diperlukan akan lebih lama sehingga perlu adanya perbaikan untuk dimensi huruf yang sesuai dengan dasar linguistik di Indonesia.Secara garis besar untuk mencapai keadaan seluruh informasi pada papan rambu dapat terbaca oleh pengemudi perencana harus mengetahui hubungan antara ketiga hal berikut yaitu kecepatan baca huruf danatau angka persatuan waktu oleh pengemudidimensi huruf danatau angka pada papan informasi dan kecepatan kendaraan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk memperkuat penelitian sebelumnya yang dilakukan oleh Sugiantoro dan Mochtar 1989 Albayumi dan Mochtar 1993 serta Mochtar dan Nawawi 1996. Hasil penemuan tersebut didapatkan hasil bahwa kecepatan baca adalah 2 suku kata perdetik untuk dimensi huruf dengan jarak baca terjelas adalah dengan perbandingan tinggilebar HB 43 dan 32 dengan tebal huruf t16H. Penelitian ini perlu penggulangan karena pada penelitian sebelumnya jumlah responden dianggap masih kurang sehingga belum bisa dijadikan dasar untuk perencanaan dimensi huruf. Penelitian ini terdiri dari penelitian kecepatan baca di Indonesia dan jarak baca jelas terhadap rambu informasi yang berupa kata-kata. Jenis huruf yang digunakan adalah Upper case Capital letter dan Lower case. Dengan dimensi huruf tinggilebar HB43 dan 32 serta tebal huruf t16H.Total ada 40 variasi dimensi huruf yang diujikan kepada responden. Hasil penelitian analisa data dan proses perhitungan didapatkan bahwa kecepatan baca rata-rata di Indonesia adalah 2 suku katadetik. Sedangkan untuk jarak baca jelas untuk jenis huruf Upper Case dengan dimensi huruf HB43 mempunyai jarak baca yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan dimensi huruf HB32 dan untuk huruf jenis Lower case dengan dimensi huruf HB43 juga mempunyai jarak baca yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan dimensi huruf HB32 .


ABSTRACT

The standard highway signs and traffic markings in Indonesia are adopted mainly from those of the US Department of Transportations the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices MUTCD1971 from the Englands Road Research Laboratory RRL 1971 and from Indias Indian Road Congress 1968 which are all based on English language. For Indonesia further studies are still needed to obtain the more appropriate letter dimension for highway signs and traffic markings considering that similar words for highway signs in Indonesian language are generally much longer than those of the English version. For example TURN MEMUTAR PASSING MENDAHULUI etc. This means highway users in Indonesia need longer time to read the signs along the roads so that the dimension of lettering and words should not be the same with the English version. In principal for the drivers to be able to read the entire information in highway sign designers of the highway signs should understand the relationship among three main factors reading speed of letters dimension of letters and speed of vehicles. This study was conducted to support the previous studies by Sugiantoro and Mochtar 1989 Albayumi and Mochtar 1993 and Mochtar and Nawawi 1996. From the previous studies the reading speed of letters was found to be 2 syllables per second and the dimension of letters as function of clear-reading distances were given for letters with height-to-width ratios HB 43 and 32 and letter thickness t 16 H. However the previous studies had suggested the same study be repeated with more respondents since the number of samples from the previous study was considered insufficient so that the study was not yet representative enough for design. This study is the repeated effort to reinvestigate the reading speed of letters in Indonesian language and the clear-reading distance of highway signs and markings containing letter information. The types of letters used are the upper-case capital letter and the lowercase letters. The letter dimensions are also of HB 43 and 32 and the letter thickness of t 16H. A total of 40 variations of letter dimension are applied to hundreds of respondents. The results suggested that the average speed of reading for letters in Indonesian language is 2 syllables per second. For the same clear-reading distance however the upper-case letters with height-to-width ratio of HB 43 will require taller letter dimension than those of HB 32. Similar results are obtained with the dimension and clear-reading distance for the lower-case letters.



KeywordsRambu Petunjuk ; Dimensi Huruf ; Jarak Baca Jelas ; Kecepatan Baca.
 
Subject:  Teknik lalu lintas
Contributor
  1. Indrasurya B. Mochtar, Prof, Ir, MSc, PhD.
Date Create: 21/08/2009
Type: Text
Format: pdf.
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100009035436
Collection ID: 3100009035436
Call Number: RTS 625.794 Bud u


Source
Master theses of Civil Engineering, RTS 625.794 Bud u, 2008

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Copyright @2008 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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