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ITS » Master Theses » Teknik Rekayasa Pengendalian Ling. S2
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 29/03/2010 17:14:48  •  2990 Views


EVALUASI PERENCANAAN CONTROLLED LANDFILL TPA ALAK KOTA KUPANG

EVALUATION ON THE DESIGN OF CONTROLLED LANDFILL OF ALAK FINAL DISPOSAL OF KUPANG MUNICIPALITY

Created by :
Julianus, Iwan K. ( 3307202716 )



Subjectpengelolaan sampah
Alt. Subject Refuse and refuse disposal Sanitary land fills
Keywordanalisis SWOT
controlled landfill
open dumping
TPA

Description:

TPA Alak dioperasikan sejak tahun 1998 dengan sistem open dumping. Pada tahun 2008 dilakukan perencanaan peningkatan sistem open dumping menjadi controlled landfill. Namun dalam hasil perencanaan tersebut terdapat perbedaan antara asumsi yang digunakan dengan kondisi eksisting, sehingga diperlukan evaluasi terhadap hasil perencanaan tersebut agar dapat diterapkan dalam pengelolaan persampahan di Kota Kupang. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan melalui observasi kondisi eksisting prasarana dan operasional TPA serta wawancara dengan pihak pengelola TPA dan instansi terkait. Kondisi eksisting TPA diidentifikasi secara deskriptif sehingga diperoleh gambaran yang sistematis mengenai aspek teknis, kelembagaan dan finansial pengelolaan TPA. Dalam aspek teknis dilakukan kajian terhadap hasil perencanaan peningkatan TPA Alak tahun 2008, metode penimbunan controlled landfill, infrastruktur lingkungan dan pendukung TPA. Dalam aspek kelembagaan, dikaji mengenai kinerja pengelola persampahan dengan analisis faktor internal pengelola, sedangkan aspek finansial dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode Net Present Value (NPV) dan B/C Ratio. Hasil kajian teknis terhadap perencanaan peningkatan TPA menunjukkan bahwa TPA hanya dapat beroperasi hingga tahun 2016. Kajian teknis ini juga menghasilkan perencanaan sel sampah, penambahan alat berat, perhitungan lindi dan bangunan pengolah lindi, penanganan gas dan pencegahan terhadap vektor penyakit. Hasil analisis aspek kelembagaan menunjukkan bahwa unit pelaksana teknis TPA telah memenuhi ketentuan pengelolaan TPA sistem controlled landfill, tetapi dibutuhkan peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas petugas pengelola. Hasil analisis kelayakan investasi berdasarkan kriteria NPV dan B/C Ratio menunjukkan bahwa investasi untuk peningkatan TPA sebesar Rp. 10.357.000.000,00 masih layak untuk dilakukan. Agar pengelolaan TPA Alak dapat berjalan dengan baik maka disusun pula strategi pengelolaan dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT.


Alt. Description

The Alak final disposal site has been operated since 1998 using an open dumping system. In 2008, the system was planned to improve from open dumping to controlled landfill. However, some differences between the existing condition and the assumption that has been used in the design were found. Therefore, an evaluation on the design is needed so that it can be implemented in solid waste disposal management on Kupang Municipality. In this evaluation, the primary data was collected by observing the existing infrastructures, facilities, and operation of the final disposal facility. An intensive interview to management of the facility was also conducted. For technical evaluation, design of the disposal facility that had been done in 2008 was analysed including methods for solid wastes disposal in the proposed controlled landfill, environments, and supporting infrastructures. Moreover, analysis on the performance of the management of the disposal facility was also performed, while analysis of NPV and B/C ratio was conducted for financial aspect. The results show that some additions to the existing design are proposed namely cells or zones of solid waste design, heavy duty vehicles, a treatment plant for leachate, and planning for desease vectors control. It is also found that the operation of the facility is estimated until 2016 rather than 2020. The management of the disposal facility has capability to operate the controlled landfill system; however, number of staffs and their capability need to be improved. Financially, based on the analysis of NPV and B/C ratio, the investment of IR 10,357,000,000.00 is feasible to be implemented. To obtain the best management practice in the disposal facility, a management strategy has been developed based on the SWOT Analysis.

Contributor:
  1. Prof. Ir. Joni Hermana, MScES, PhD
Date Create:29/03/2010
Type:Text
Format:pdf
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Master-3100010037492
Collection ID:3100010037492
Call Number:RTL 628.445 66 Jul e


Source :
Master Theses of Evironmental Engineering, RTL 628.445 66 Jul e, 2009

Coverage :
ITS Community

Rights :
Copyright @2009 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/evaluasi-perencanaan-controlled-landfill-tpa-alak-kota-kupang-9048.html




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SWOT , TPA , analisis , analisis SWOT , controlled , controlled landfill , dumping , landfill , open , open dumping



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