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ITS » Master Theses » Teknik Rekayasa Pengendalian Ling. S2
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 29/03/2010 17:14:48  •  3620 Views


EVALUASI PERENCANAAN CONTROLLED LANDFILL TPA ALAK KOTA KUPANG

EVALUATION ON THE DESIGN OF CONTROLLED LANDFILL OF ALAK FINAL DISPOSAL OF KUPANG MUNICIPALITY

Author :
Julianus, Iwan K. ( 3307202716 )




ABSTRAK

TPA Alak dioperasikan sejak tahun 1998 dengan sistem open dumping. Pada tahun 2008 dilakukan perencanaan peningkatan sistem open dumping menjadi controlled landfill. Namun dalam hasil perencanaan tersebut terdapat perbedaan antara asumsi yang digunakan dengan kondisi eksisting sehingga diperlukan evaluasi terhadap hasil perencanaan tersebut agar dapat diterapkan dalam pengelolaan persampahan di Kota Kupang. Pengumpulan data primer dilakukan melalui observasi kondisi eksisting prasarana dan operasional TPA serta wawancara dengan pihak pengelola TPA dan instansi terkait. Kondisi eksisting TPA diidentifikasi secara deskriptif sehingga diperoleh gambaran yang sistematis mengenai aspek teknis kelembagaan dan finansial pengelolaan TPA. Dalam aspek teknis dilakukan kajian terhadap hasil perencanaan peningkatan TPA Alak tahun 2008 metode penimbunan controlled landfill infrastruktur lingkungan dan pendukung TPA. Dalam aspek kelembagaan dikaji mengenai kinerja pengelola persampahan dengan analisis faktor internal pengelola sedangkan aspek finansial dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode Net Present Value NPV dan BC Ratio. Hasil kajian teknis terhadap perencanaan peningkatan TPA menunjukkan bahwa TPA hanya dapat beroperasi hingga tahun 2016. Kajian teknis ini juga menghasilkan perencanaan sel sampah penambahan alat berat perhitungan lindi dan bangunan pengolah lindi penanganan gas dan pencegahan terhadap vektor penyakit. Hasil analisis aspek kelembagaan menunjukkan bahwa unit pelaksana teknis TPA telah memenuhi ketentuan pengelolaan TPA sistem controlled landfill tetapi dibutuhkan peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas petugas pengelola. Hasil analisis kelayakan investasi berdasarkan kriteria NPV dan BC Ratio menunjukkan bahwa investasi untuk peningkatan TPA sebesar Rp. 10.357.000.00000 masih layak untuk dilakukan. Agar pengelolaan TPA Alak dapat berjalan dengan baik maka disusun pula strategi pengelolaan dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT.


ABSTRACT

The Alak final disposal site has been operated since 1998 using an open dumping system. In 2008 the system was planned to improve from open dumping to controlled landfill. However some differences between the existing condition and the assumption that has been used in the design were found. Therefore an evaluation on the design is needed so that it can be implemented in solid waste disposal management on Kupang Municipality. In this evaluation the primary data was collected by observing the existing infrastructures facilities and operation of the final disposal facility. An intensive interview to management of the facility was also conducted. For technical evaluation design of the disposal facility that had been done in 2008 was analysed including methods for solid wastes disposal in the proposed controlled landfill environments and supporting infrastructures. Moreover analysis on the performance of the management of the disposal facility was also performed while analysis of NPV and BC ratio was conducted for financial aspect. The results show that some additions to the existing design are proposed namely cells or zones of solid waste design heavy duty vehicles a treatment plant for leachate and planning for desease vectors control. It is also found that the operation of the facility is estimated until 2016 rather than 2020. The management of the disposal facility has capability to operate the controlled landfill system however number of staffs and their capability need to be improved. Financially based on the analysis of NPV and BC ratio the investment of IR 10357000000.00 is feasible to be implemented. To obtain the best management practice in the disposal facility a management strategy has been developed based on the SWOT Analysis.



Keywordsanalisis SWOT; controlled landfill; open dumping; TPA
 
Subject:  pengelolaan sampah
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. Joni Hermana, MScES, PhD
Date Create: 29/03/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100010037492
Collection ID: 3100010037492
Call Number: RTL 628.445 66 Jul e


Source
Master Theses of Evironmental Engineering, RTL 628.445 66 Jul e, 2009

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