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ITS » Master Theses » Pemukiman Kota dan Lingkungan - S2
Posted by setiawan04@its.ac.id at 15/06/2010 15:05:10  •  2148 Views


KONSEP PEMILIHAN LOKASI PERMUKIMAN AMAN GEMPA DI KOTA BENGKULU

LOCATION ELECTION CONCEPT OF SETTLEMENT WHICH SAFE FROM EARTHQUAKE IN BENGKULU CITY

Author :
KURNIAWANI, MEGA RAHMAH ( 3208201803 )




ABSTRAK

Bengkulu di Pulau Sumatera merupakan daerah pegunungan aktif dan daerah lempeng tektonik. Letak Kota Bengkulu dipertemuan lempeng tektonik Samudera Hindia dan lempeng tektonik Asia menyebabkan Kota Bengkulu sering dilanda gempa tektonik. Terjadinya bencana alam gempa bumi di Kota Bengkulu telah membawa korban jiwa dan kerusakan infrastruktur lainnya serta menimbulkan trauma bencana yang cukup mendalam pada masyarakat. Selain itu adanya gempa-gempa susulan masih sering terjadi. Dalam penelitian ini akan dicari adalah kriteria apa yang tepat bagi lokasi perumukiman yang aman gempa di Kota Bengkulu. Proses penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan rasionalistis dengan jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Diawali dengan merumuskan konsep melalui kajian pustaka sebagai dasar penelitian. Teori yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini adalah teori tentang geologi lahanlokasi perumahan dan pemukiman serta mitigasi bencana. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pengumpulan data primer dan data sekunder dari survey literatur dan pihak-pihak terkait lainnya. Teknik analisa yang digunakan yaitu analisa deskriptif untuk memperoleh kriteria apa yang tepat untuk lokasi permukiman aman gempa di Kota Bengkulu. Untuk menyusun konsep pemilihan lokasi digunakan analisis Trianggulasi dengan mengkajimendiskusikan kriteria pemilihan lokasi permukiman aman gempa di Kota Bengkulu teorikonsep pendukung dan pendapat regulator. Hasil penelitian ini adalah konsep pemilihan lokasi permukiman yang aman gempa di Kota Bengkulu berupa tersedianya lokasi untuk evakuasi dan lokasi produktif misalnya sebagai sentra sayuran sentra makananan dan kerajinan khas Bengkulu lokasi dengan lahan landai dan struktur batuan yang kuat lahan dengan kemiringan tanah yang baik tersedianya sarana dan prasarana jalan dan lokasi yang bebas dari gangguanancaman bencana alam yang memiliki jalur untuk evakuasi sehingga mempunyai kelayakan untuk lokasi permukiman untuk daerah yang berada pada kawasan rawan bencana gempa bumi.


ABSTRACT

Bengkulu is an active volcanic and tectonic plates district of Sumatera. Bengkulu is intersection between Indian Ocean tectonic plate and Asian tectonic plates therefore it become tectonic earthquake sensitive area. The earthquake which happened in Bengkulu town has brought victims damaged infrastructures and yawned deeply traumatic of disaster in society. After all continuation earthquakes are frequently still happened. The study will search for proper criteria of for settlement location which safe from earthquake in Bengkulu city. This study is a qualitative descriptive research using rasionalistic approach. Start on defining the concept through literature references as a basic concept. The theories used in this study are geology area location housing settlement and disaster mitigation. Data collecting technique is used by collecting primary and secondary data from literary survey and other relevant parties. Analysis technique used is descriptive analysis to obtain proper criteria of settlement location which safe from earthquake in Bengkulu. Choosing alternative location concept is arrayed by examiningdiscussing the criteria for settlement location which safe from earthquake in Bengkulu supporting theoryconcepts and regulator opinion. A result of this study is location selection concept of settlement which safe from earthquake in Bengkulu by providing evacuation and product centre location such as vegetables and crafts centre. This slightly slope area is located on sturdy rock structures and well inclined earth available infrastructure which free from threatdisturbance of natural disasters and has evacuation route so the settlements is as an sensitive earthquake areas.



KeywordsGEMPA BUMI; LOKASI; LAHAN; PERUMAHAN PERMUKIMAN
 
Subject:  pemukiman mitigasi bencana
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. HAPPY RATNA SANTOSA, M.Sc, Ph.D
  2. DR. Ir. RIMADEWI SUPRIHARJO, MIP
Date Create: 07/05/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf.
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100010039727
Collection ID: 3100010039727
Call Number: RTA 711.58 Kur k


Source
Master Thesis, Architecture, RTA 711.58 Kur k , 2010

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-11417-Abstract_id.pdf - 23 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-11417-Abstract_en.pdf - 24 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-11417-Conclusion.pdf - 202 KB
  4.  ITS-Master-11417-Paper.pdf - 239 KB




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