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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Pembangunan Kota - S2
Posted by aprill@is.its.ac.id at 22/12/2014 22:18:17  •  1559 Views


DISPARITAS PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN DI DALAM DAN SEKITAR SURABAYA INDONESIA

RURAL URBAN DISPARITY IN AND AROUND SURABAYA REGION INDONESIA

Author :
SISWANTO, VELY KUKINUL  ( 3211205902 )




ABSTRAK

Pergeseran pembangunan menuju pinggiran perkotaan dapat menyebabkan kesenjangan perkotaan dalam hal ekonomi dan sosial karena terjadinya perubahan karakteristik daerah. Studi ini mencoba untuk membagi daerah penelitian meliputi wilayah sekitar Surabaya menjadi daerah perkotaan pinggiran kota dan daerah pedesaan dengan mengacu pada tiga periode waktu 2008 2009 dan 2010 dan dari hasil analisis cluster menunjukkan bahwa tipologi di daerah penelitian mengalami perubahan setiap tahun. Selanjutnya penelitian ini menganalisis tingkat kesenjangan sosial dan ekonomi di masing-masing tipologi dengan menggunakan indeks Theil dengan variabel jumlah rumah tangga pra sejahtera untuk kesenjangan sosial dan PDRB per kapita untuk kesenjangan ekonomi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa daerah perkotaan dan pinggiran perkotaan memiliki tingkat kesenjangan sosial dan ekonomi menengah dan tinggi dalam dibandingkan dengan wilayah pedesaan yang memiliki tingkat kesenjangan rendah. Melalui analisis korelasi multivariat dapat dilihat bahwa jarak pusat kesehatan listrik dan air yang mempengaruhi kesenjangan sosial . Selain itu keuangan industri listrik perdagangan konstruksi transportasi pertanian dan produktivitas sektor pertambangan memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kesenjangan ekonomi. Peningkatan fasilitas kesehatan air dan listrik harus dilakukan untuk mengurangi kesenjangan sosial. Perbaikan listrik air sektor jasa infrastruktur transportasi dan pengembangan industri dilakukan untuk mengurangi kesenjangan ekonomi.


ABSTRACT

A shift in development towards the outskirts of urban areas changes the characteristics of the region and can ultimately lead to urban disparities in economic and social terms. The current study has tried to divide the study area covers the areas of surrounding Surabaya as urban peri urban and rural areas with reference to three time periods 2008 2009 and 2010 and shows that the typology in the study area changes each year. Furthermore this study analyzed the level of social and economic disparity in each typology with Theil index using a number of pre-prosperous household for social disparity and per capita GDP for economic disparity and shows that urban and peri urban areas have medium and high level of social and economic disparity compare with rural area which have low levels of disparity. Through multivariate correlation analysis can be seen that the health center distance electricity and water users effecting the social disparity. Moreover the financial industrial electricity trade construction transportation agriculture and mining sectors productivity have a significant relationship with the economic disparity. Health facilities water and electricity improvement strategies to be followed for reducing the social disparity. Improvement the electricity water services sector transportation infrastructure and industrial development to reduce the economic disparity.



Keywordssocial disparity; economic disparity; urban; peri urban; rural areas; development; Surabaya
 
Subject:  Hubungan desa-kota perencanaan Kesetaraan Kota
Contributor
  1. Dr.Ir.Rima Dewi, M.I.P
Date Create: 12/11/2013
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-32103140001144
Collection ID: 32103140001144
Call Number: RTA 711.4 Sis d


Source
Master Theses of Architecture, RTA 711.4 Sis d, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-34972-3211205902-Abstract_id.pdf - 176 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-34972-3211205902-Abstract_en.pdf - 179 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-34972-3211205902-Conclusion.pdf - 319 KB




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