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ITS » Master Theses » Pemukiman Kota dan Lingkungan - S2
Posted by aprill@is.its.ac.id at 12/11/2015 13:57:44  •  983 Views


KONSEP PENATAAN PERMUKIMAN NELAYAN PASCA REKLAMASI STUDI KASUS KAMPUNG NELAYAN PULAU BUTON SULAWESI TENGGARA

ORGANIZING CONCEPT OF FISHERMEN SETTLEMENT AFTER RECLAMATION CASE STUDY FISHERMEN VILLAGE IN BUTON ISLAND SOUTHEAST SULAWESI

Author :
AZIZU, NOVESTY NOOR ( 3212201005 )




ABSTRAK

Pembangunan dan pengelolaan wilayah pesisir seharusnya memberi kontribusi terhadap kesejahteraan masyarakat di wilayah pesisir khususnya nelayan. Reklamasi merupakan salah satu bentuk pengelolaan wilayah pesisir. Namun umumnya reklamasi yang berlangsung di wilayah pesisir cenderung berdampak negatif terhadap kehidupan ekonomi nelayan dan kondisi lingkungan di wilayah pesisir. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik permukiman nelayan mendeskripsikan dampak reklamasi terhadap nelayan dan merumuskan konsep penataan permukiman nelayan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah gabungan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan metode observasi kuesioner dan interview sedangkan analisis dan interpretasi data menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan statistik deskriptif. Karakteristik permukiman nelayan di wilayah studi mengikuti pola permukiman linear sepanjang pantai jenis hunian dibedakan atas hunian di darat dan hunian di atas air. Kondisi hunian umumnya belum memenuhi syarat kesehatan namun ketersediaan sarana dan prasarana serta fasilitas pendukung kegiatan perikanan telah cukup memadai. Satu rumah nelayan biasanya dihuni oleh 1-3 keluarga yang masih memiliki ikatan keluarga kandung. Kaum wanita menenun kain tradisional dan menjahit kain kasur untuk membantu perekonomian keluarga. Reklamasi membawa dampak negatif dan positif bagi nelayan. Adapun dampak positif yang dirasakan oleh nelayan yaitu permukiman yang menjadi terlindung dari gelombang tinggi dan aksesibilitas dari dan menuju permukiman nelayan menjadi lebih baik. Adapun dampak negatif yang dirasakan yaitu menurunnya keanekaragaman hayati di wilayah studi semakin jauhnya daerah tangkapan ikan terganggunya mobilitas nelayan dari dan menuju laut kesulitan menambatkan perahu dan semakin memburuknya kondisi sanitasi dan drainase pada permukiman nelayan di wilayah studi. Penataan permukiman nelayan di kawasan reklamasi meliputi hal berikut Penyediaan fasilitas penambatan perahu nelayan pembangunan perpipaan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan air bersih pemeliharaan infrastruktur jalan dan jembatan pembangunan drainase perbaikan sanitasi pelatihan pengolahan hasil perikanan pemberdayaan kaum wanita dan pelatihan diversifikasi usaha nelayan.


ABSTRACT

Development and management of the coastal areas should contribute to the well-being of the communities in the coastal areas especially the fishermen. Reclamation is a form of management of the coastal areas. However reclamation which takes place in coastal areas tend to have a negative impact on economic life of fishermen and the environmental condition in coastal areas. This study aims to describe the characteristics of the fishing settlement describing the impact of reclamation on the fishermen and formulating the concept structuring settlements of fishermen. The research used qualitativequantitative method. Data collection used observation method interview questionnaire. Analysis and interpretation of data used descriptive qualitative methods and descriptive statistics. Characteristics of fishing settlements in the region of study follows a linear settlement patterns along the coast the type of occupancy of the dwelling are distinguished in residential land and on the water. Residence conditions are generally not eligible but the availability of health facilities and infrastructure as well as supporting the activities of fisheries have been quite adequate. Each House usually inhabited by 1-3 families who still have family ties to siblings. The women weave the traditional cloth and sewing fabric mattress to help the economy of the family. Reclamation takes the impact of negative and positive for the fishermen. Positive impact of reclamation for the fisherman is fishing settlements become protected from high waves and the accessibility of the fishing settlement become better than ever. The negative impact of reclamation is the decline of biodiversity in the study area the regional fish catch away disruption of mobility to and from the sea fishing difficulty tether a boat and the increasingly worsening conditions of sanitation and drainage on the fishing settlements.



Keywordspermukiman nelayan; dampak reklamasi; konsep penataan
 
Subject:  pemukiman sosial
Contributor
  1. Ir. Muhammad Faqih, MSA, Ph.D.
  2. Ir. Ispurwono S, M.Arch, Ph.D.
Date Create: 12/11/2015
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-32103150001534
Collection ID: 32103150001534
Call Number: RTA 711.58 Azi k


Source
Master Theses of Architecture, RTA 711.58 Azi k, 2015

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2015 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-39503-3212201005-abstract_id.pdf - 352 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-39503-3212201005-abstract_en.pdf - 352 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-39503-3212201005-conclusion.pdf - 703 KB




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