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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Industri-S2 MMT
Posted by tondoindra@gmail.com at 24/02/2016 10:35:16  •  1588 Views


STUDI KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL DENGAN MEMPERTIMBANGKAN KELANGSUNGAN BAHAN BAKU KHUSUSNYA SEKAM PADI PADA PENGEMBANGAN PROYEK BIOMASS POWER PLANT STUDI KASUS DI LOMBOK-NTB

FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY STUDY ON BIOMASS POWER PLANT DEVELOPMENT BY CONSIDERING CONTINUETY SUPPLY OF RICE HUSKS Case Study in Lombok-NTB

Author :
SUSANTO, RUDY ( 9111202804 )




ABSTRAK

Potensi biomassa yang berupa sekam padi di NTB tersebar di kabupaten dan kota meliputi Lombok Barat Lombok Tengah Lombok Timur Sumbawa Dompu Bima Sumbawa Barat Kota Mataram Kota Bima dan Lombok Utara. Bahan baku sekam padi merupakan hasil limbah dari penggilingan padi yang dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu bahan baku alternatif untuk pembangkit listrik tenaga biomassa. Pemanfaatan limbah sekam padi menjadi listrik ini akan sangat berdampak pada kesejahteraan masyarakat di NTB. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan keberlanjutan ketersediaan bahan baku dan biaya transportasi limbah sekam padi untuk memastikan pasokan energi yang kontinyu menyusun sistem desain pembangkit listrik biomasa biomass power plant dari bahan baku sekam padi dengan teknologi yang tersedia dan proven serta menghitung kelayakan finansial proyek dari analisa IRR NPV PI PP serta analisa sensitivitas terhadap batas-batas kelayakan investasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan untuk ketersedian bahan baku sekam padi di wilayah NTB adalah sebesar 422.846 ton per tahun dan biaya transportasi limbah sekam padi dari sumber ke pembangkit listrik di Lombok Tengah sebesar Rp. 786866500 per tahun. Sistim desain pembangkit listrik biomasa berbahan baku sekam padi menggunakan konsep Biomas Power Plant Small Scale dengan teknologi Boiler CFB Circulating Fluidized Bed. Hasil perhitungan finansial diperoleh nilai Net Present Value NPV sebesar Rp 2220803940046.01 nilai Payback Periods PP selama 348 tahun nilai Profitability of Index PI sebesar 1502 nilai Internal Rate of Return IRR 2278 analisis sensivitas sebesar 11 dengan kenaikan biaya operasional sebesar 10 pada nilai NPV.


ABSTRACT

The potential of biomass in the form of rice husk in NTB are scattered around counties and cities include West Lombok Central Lombok East Lombok Sumbawa Dompu Bima Sumbawa West Mataram Lombok and Bima City North. Rice husks are by product of rice mills which can be used as one of the alternative feedstock for biomass power plants. Utilization of rice husks waste into electricity will greatly affect the welfare of the people in NTB. This research aims to determine the sustainability of raw material supplies and transportation costs of rice husks waste to ensure a continuous supply of energy configuring biomass power plant design system biomass power plant with rice husk as a fuel with proven and available technology and analysing of financial feasibility of the project IRR NPV PI PP as well as a sensitivity analysis of the limits of feasibility of investment. The results showed that the availability of raw material rice husk in the region amounted to 422 846 tones NTB per year and the cost of transportation of rice husk waste from the source to power plants in Central Lombok is Rp. 786866500year. Biomass power generation system designs made from rice husks using the concept of Small Scale Biomass Power Plant boiler technology with CFB Circulating Fluidized Bed. The results obtained by the value of financial calculation of Net Present Value NPV at Rp 2220803940046.01 Payback Periods PP at 3.48 years the Profitability Index PI at 15.02 the IRR at 22.78 sensitivity analysis at 1.1 with the increase in operating costs by 10 on the value of NPV.



Keywordsbiomasa, sekam padi, pembangkit listrik biomasa, analisa logistik biomasa, analisa kelayakan finansial biomasa, investasi, NPV, IRR, PP, PI, analisa sensitivitas, NTB
 
Subject:  Sistem tenaga listrik
Contributor
  1. Iwan Vanany, ST, MT, PhD
  2. Christiono Utomo, ST, MT, PhD
Date Create: 24/02/2016
Type: Text
Format: PDF
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-91103150001426
Collection ID: 91103150001426
Call Number: RTMT 388.413 22 Sus s


Source
Master Theses Of Magister Management Technology RTMT 388.413 22 Sus s, 2016

Coverage
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Copyright @2016 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Master-40335-9111202804-Abstract_id.pdf - 210 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-40335-9111202804-Abstract_en.pdf - 436 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-40335-9111202804-conclusion.pdf - 207 KB




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