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ITS » Non Degree » Teknik Kimia D3
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 06/01/2012 10:10:29  •  5624 Views


PABRIK PUPUK ZA AMONIUM SULFAT DARI AMONIAK DAN ASAM SULFAT DENGAN PROSES NETRALISASI

ZA AMMONIUM SULPHATE FERTILIZER PLANT FROM AMMONIA AND SULFURIC ACID WITH NEUTRALIZATION PROCESS

Author :
PERMATASARI, RENATA  ( 2308030013 )
RACHMATIKAWATI, FRISKA




ABSTRAK

Pabrik pupuk ZA amonium sulfat didirikan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan konsumen akan pupuk ZA baik di dalam maupun di luar negeri. Pabrik ini direncanakan berlokasi di Paciran Lamongan Jawa Timur dan beroperasi secara kontinyu selama 24 jam per hari dan 330 hari per tahun. Kapasitas produksi yang dihasilkan sebesar 340.000 kghari dan pembuatan pupuk ZA ini menggunakan proses netralisasi dengan teknologi De Nora. Proses produksi pupuk ZA terdiri dari 5 tahap. Tahap pertama adalah penguapan amoniak cair. Tahap kedua adalah pereaksian antara amoniak dan asam sulfat reaksi netralisasi yang diikuti dengan pembentukan kristal amonium sulfat dalam saturator pada suhu 105oC dan tekanan atmosferis. Tahap ketiga adalah pemisahan kristal amonium sulfat dari larutan induknya dan pengayakan kristal sebesar 30 mesh. Tahap keempat adalah pengeringan kristal amonium sulfat pada suhu 110oC untuk mencapai kadar air 015. Tahap yang terakhir adalah pengepakan produk pada ukuran komersial 25 kg. Untuk mencapai kapasitas produksi tersebut digunakan bahan baku 88.677 kghari amoniak NH3 dan 257.280 kghari asam sulfat H2SO4 serta 34257 kghari bahan penunjang anticaking uresoft 150. Kebutuhan utilitas pada pabrik pupuk ZA amonium sulfat meliputi air sanitasi air pendingin air umpan boiler dan air proses masing-masing sebesar 20227 m3hari 44193 m3hari 16358 m3hari dan 361 m3hari.


ABSTRACT

ZA Ammonium Sulphate fertilizer plant is build to fulfill requirement of consumer of fertilizer either domestic and export. ZA fertilizer plant will be located in the area of Paciran Lamongan district East Java and will operated continuously for 24 hours day and 330 days year. The resulting ZA amonium sulphate fertilizer production capacity of 340000 kg day is made by neutralization process using De Nora technology. ZA fertilizer production process consists of five stages. The first stage is the evaporation of liquid ammonia. The second stage is the reaction between ammonia and sulfuric acid neutralization reaction followed by the formation of ammonium sulfate crystals in a saturator at 105oC and atmospheric pressure. The third stage is the separation of ammonium sulfate crystals from the solution of the mother liquor and sieving on 30 mesh. The fourth stage is the drying of ammonium sulfate crystals at 110oC to achieve a water content of 0.15. The last stage is the packaging of products on the commercial size 25 kg. To achieve the capacity of production raw materials used are 88.677 kg day of ammonia NH3 and 257.280 kg day of sulphuric acid H2SO4 and 34257 kg day of material support anticacking uresoft 150. The plant needs of utilities consumption i.e sanitary water cooling water boiler feed water and process water each of 20.227 m3day 441.93 m3day 16.358 m3day and 3.61 m 3 day .



KeywordsPupuk Amonium Sulfat ; Netralisasi
 
Subject:  Pupuk
Contributor
  1. Prof. DR. Ir. Danawati Hari Prajitno, M.Pd
Date Create: 27/07/2011
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-NonDegree-3100011044966
Collection ID: 3100011044966
Call Number: RSK 668.62 Per p


Source
Non Degree of Chemical Engineering, RSK 668.62 Per p, 2011

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-NonDegree-17101-2308030013-Abstract_id.pdf - 194 KB
  2.  ITS-NonDegree-17101-2308030013-Abstract_en.pdf - 196 KB
  3.  ITS-NonDegree-17101-2308030013-Conclusion.pdf - 215 KB




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