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ITS » PhD Theses » Program Doktoral Arsitektur
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 02/11/2011 11:51:40  •  2149 Views


PERAN PERAPIAN DALAM RUMAH TINGGAL MASYARAKAT TENGGER STUDI KASUS DESA NGADISARI TENGGER

THE ROLE of HEARTH IN TENGGERESE DWELING Case Study Desa Ngadisari Tengger

Author :
DEWI, PANCAWATI  ( 3203301002 )




ABSTRAK

Peran perapian pada masa kini semakin mengecil bahkan menghilang. Menurut teori Unwin dkk peran perapian mampu diperlihatkan melalui fungsi dan gunanya. Fungsi diperlihatkan melalui kemampuan perapian dalam menghasilkan sesuatu sedangkan guna diperlihatkan melalui apa yang dapat dilakukan terhadap perapian. Fenomena di Tengger memperlihatkan bahwa perapian tidak menghilang melainkan bertambah jumlahnya dengan penggunaan unsur api secara terpisah. Adanya penggunaan perapian secara terpisah tersebut diduga memicu adanya segmentasi aktivitas yang dianggap sama dengan segmentasi ruang pada rumah Tengger. Dalam disertasi ini dugaan tersebut digali dengan menggunakan teori tentang penggunaan ruang menurut Kent. Fenomena perapian di masyarakat Tengger sebagai kelompok masyarakat yang subyektif akan dipahami dan dibawa kepada interpretasi yang obyektif. Untuk menjawab tantangan dalam penelitian ini digunakan gabungan antara metode penelitian kualitatip dan kuantitatip menurut Brannen dimana metode kuantitatip berperan sebagai penunjang dalam metode kualitatip. Pengolahan data dilakukan terhadap obyek kasus yang dipilih melalui hirarki dan klasifikasi terhadap sampel rumah yang diambil berdasarkan prosentase jumlah KK. Selanjutnya pembahasan akan digali lebih mendalam melalui diskusi teoritik dan pendalaman terhadap sampel terpilih. Konsep peran perapian pada konteks kekinian berhasil diperlihatkan dalam disertasi ini dimana perapian di dalam rumah Tengger menunjukkan keragaman fungsi dan guna yang mampu memicu hadirnya perabot dan mampu beradaptasi terhadap ruangan yang ada. Faktor yang mempengaruhi keragaman perapian di Tengger adalah faktor waktu dan faktor struktur masyarakat. Faktor waktu ditunjukkan melalui siklus harian dan siklus tahunan sedangkan faktor struktur masyarakat melalui peran sosial penghuni rumah di dalam masyarakat. Kedua faktor tersebut terbukti mempengaruhi terhadap durasi penggunaan perapian dan jumlah perapian yang digunakan. Dengan demikian teori Unwin dkk dan teori penggunaan ruang menurut Kent berhasil dikembangkan dan diperkaya dalam disertasi ini.


ABSTRACT

Nowadays the role of hearth has become smaller even disappeared. In the theory of Unwin et.al the role of hearth is shown from the function and its usage. Function is shown by the ability of the hearth in producing something while usage is shown by what can be done using the hearth. The phenomenon in Tengger showed interesting fact that the hearth is not disappeared but increasing in number and usage with the separate usage of fire element. This facts are believed have triggered the segmentation of activity which is considered the same as space segmentation in Tenggers house. In this dissertation the assumption is explored using the theory of the use of space by Kent. The phenomenon of hearth in Tenggers society as a subjective society group is comprehended and delivered to the objective interpretation. To answer the research challenge the combination method between of qualitative and quantitative research of Brannen is applied in which the quantitative method is used to support qualitative method. Meanwhile the data processing is done to the case object chosen from the hierarchy and classification of house sample obtained based on the percentage of total householder in the field. Furthermore the discussion is done through theoretical discussion and in-depth study on one of the chosen sample. The concept of the role of hearth on the latest context is successfully presented in this dissertation in which the role of hearth in the house of Tengger has showed various functions and usages that trigger the presence of space forming element as well as to adapt to the existing room. Furthermore the usage of hearth in Tengger house was also influenced by the factor of time and the existing structure of society. Time factor is shown by the daily and yearly cycles and structure of society factor is shown through the social role of the dweller in the society. Those two factors have proven to influence the duration of the hearth usage and the hearth amount. Thus the theory by Unwin et al and the use of space by Kent is successfully advanced and enriched in this dissertation.



KeywordsPerapian; Fungsi; Guna; Waktu; Struktur masyarakat
 
Subject:  Arsitektur jawa
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. Endang Titi Sunarti B. Darjosanjoto, M.Arch., Ph.D
  2. Prof. Dr. Ir. Josef Prijotomo, M.Arch.
Date Create: 28/02/2011
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-PhD-3100011043661
Collection ID: 3100011043661
Call Number: RDA 720.959 82 Dew p


Source
Disertasi of Architecture, RDA 720.959 82 Dew p, 2011

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-PhD-15749-Abstract_id.pdf - 181 KB
  2.  ITS-PhD-15749-Abstract_en.pdf - 169 KB
  3.  ITS-PhD-15749-Conclusion-188515.pdf - 184 KB
  4.  ITS-PhD-15749-Paper-269182.pdf - 263 KB




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