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ITS » PhD Theses » Program Doktoral Arsitektur
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 08/10/2012 14:27:53  •  1486 Views


PERANAN NILAI-NILAI SOSIO-KULTURAL DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KOTA DENGAN REFERENSI MASYARAKAT BUGIS KOTA MAKASSAR

THE ROLE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL VALUES IN CITY FORMATION WITH REFERENCE TO BUGIS SOCIETY OF MAKASSAR CITY

Author :
ARIFUDDIN ( 3208301006 )




ABSTRAK

Pola pembentukan kota bersifat unik sesuai budaya masyarakatnya. Wujud lingkungan binaan kota dapat dipahami melalui sosio-kultural masyarakat. Kota Makassar memiliki kekhasan nilai-nilai sosio-kultural namun demikian pola dasar pembentukan kotanya belum terdefinisikan. Fenomena tersebut menjadi landasan untuk memahami pembentukan kota berbasis sosio-kultural. Dengan menggunakan referensi masyarakat Bugis penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami nilai-nilai sosio-kultural yang berpengaruh pada pembentukan lingkungan binaan implikasi nilai-nilai sosio-kultural dalam wujud kota peranan nilai-nilai sosio-kultural dalam pembentukan kota dan untuk menemukan pengembangan teori perancangan kota khususnya konsep wujud kota berbasis budaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan antropologi-arsitektur dalam mengkaji keterkaitan antara nilai-nilai sosio-kultural dan pembentukan kota melalui metode induktip kualitatip. Kajian awal merujuk pada pendekatan Rapoport dalam melihat hubungan antara budaya dan lingkungan binaan. Dalam hal ini nilai-nilai sosio-kultural dilihat berdasarkan prinsip hidup melalui norma dan aturan dan gaya hidup melalui sistem aktifitas yang dikaitkan dengan sistem pelapisan sosial dan kekerabatan. Selanjutnya kajian spesifik tentang keterkaitan antara nilai sosiokultural dan elemen ruang dalam konteks pembentukan kota menggunakan referensi teori logika ruang dan teori pergerakan alami dalam ruang kota Hillier yang berdasar pada teori solidaritas. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui kajian literatur wawancara mendalam dan observasi terlibat. Data tersebut dianalisis ke dalam wujud meruang melalui pendekatan etnografi morfologi kota dan interpretasi secara sinkronik. Implikasi nilai-nilai yang telah ditemukan dijadikan dasar dalam melihat wujud kota Makassar berdasarkan pola pemanfaatan ruang jaringan jalan ruang terbuka dan tata bangunan. Kawasan studi terfokus pada kota lama yang meliputi wilayah Kecamatan Ujung Pandang Wajo dan Ujung Tanah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertama nilai-nilai siri were dan pesse yang tercakup dalam konsep siri na pesse sebagai pandangan hidup masyarakat Bugis hingga masa modern ini tetap tercermin dalam wujud kota yang dihasilkan kedua peranan nilai-nilai sosio-kultural dalam pembentukan kota Makassar memperlihatkan empat pola yaitu kurang terlihat karena banyak mengalami perubahan terlihat tetapi sudah mulai berubah teraplikasi dominan hanya pada kawasan tertentu dan teraplikasi dominan di seluruh kawasan studi yang dihuni oleh masyarakat Bugis. Dengan demikian wujud kota Makassar mencerminkan konsep wujud kota berbasis budaya. Hasil penelitian memberikan kontribusi terhadap pengembangan teori perancangan kota yang berbasis nilai-nilai sosio-kultural serta memberi kontribusi terhadap metode penelitian berupa teknik presentasi dan interpretasi data sosio-kultural.


ABSTRACT

The pattern of city formation is unique to the culture of its society. The built environment city form can be understood through socio-cultural community. Makassar city has a specific form of the socio-cultural values however the basic pattern of the city formation has not been defined. This phenomenon is the basis of research to understand the city formation based on socio-cultural. With using reference to Bugis Society of Makassar city the study aims to understand the sociocultural values influence on the formation of built environment the implications of socio-cultural values in spatial form the role of socio-cultural values in the city form and to find the development of urban design theory in particular the concept of city form based on culture. This study used architectural-anthropology approach in examines the relationship between socio-cultural values and city formation through qualitative inductive method. The beginning of the study refer to Rapoport approach in studying the relationship between culture and the built environment. In this study the socio-cultural values can be seen on life principle through the norms and rules and lifestyle through activity system associated with the social stratification and kinship systems. Furthermore specific studies on the relationship between sociocultural values and elements of space in city formation context using Hilliers logic of space theory and natural movement theory in city space based on solidarity theory as a reference. Data collection was conducted through literature review deep interviews and participant observation. Data was analyzed into a spatial form approach ethnography urban morphology and synchronic interpretation. The values implication that have been found are made basis to see the Makassar city form based on land use pattern street pattern open space and buildings form. Study area is focused in the old town area that includes on the district of Ujung Pandang Wajo and Ujung Tanah. The results showed that first the values of siri were and pesse included in the concept of siri na pesse as a way of life for Bugis society until modern era still reflected in the city form which their created secondly the role of socio-cultural values in the Makassar city formation shows four patterns are less visible role is due to many changes visible but it has begun to change applied dominantly only to the certain areas and applied dominantly to throughout the study area inhabited by the Bugis community. There fore Makassar city form reflect the concept of city form based on culture. The other results of this study contribute to developed of urban design theory based on socio-cultural values and also contributed to the research methods of the socio-cultural-data presentation and interpretation technique.



KeywordsNilai-nilai sosio-kultural; Bugis; Wujud kota; Makassar
 
Subject:  Perubahan sosial
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. Endang Titi Sunarti B. Darjosanjoto, M.Arch., Ph.D.
  2. DR. Ing. Ir. Haryo Sulistyarso
Date Create: 19/12/2011
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-PhD-32004120000045
Collection ID: 32004120000045
Call Number: RDA 301.240 959 84 Ari p


Source
Phd Theses of Architecture,RDA 301.240 959 84 Ari p, 2011

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-PhD-21337-3208301006-Abstract_id.pdf - 163 KB
  2.  ITS-PhD-21337-3208301006-Abstract_en.pdf - 161 KB
  3.  ITS-PhD-21337-3208301006-Conclusion.pdf - 239 KB




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