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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Mesin
Posted by ansi@its.ac.id at 23/01/2013 08:41:25  •  1388 Views


RANCANG BANGUN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE UAV EMPAT BALING-BALING QUADROTOR-ARDUCOPTER

DESIGN AND BUILD OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE UAV FOUR PROPELLERS QUADROTOR-ARDUCOPTER

Author :
LUKMANA, MUHAMMAD ARIFUDIN  ( 2107100059 )




ABSTRAK

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAV adalah sebuah wahana terbang tak berawak. Di berbagai belahan dunia UAV militer digunakan untuk berbagai tujuan misal untuk pemotretan wilayah musuh wilayah konflik atau untuk memata-matai musuh. Sedangkan untuk keperluan sipil UAV bisa digunakan untuk pemetaan daerah terpencil pemantauan gunung berapi pemantauan kemacetan atau pemotretan daerah pasca bencana tsunami. Quadrotor adalah salah satu pilihan wahana tanpa awak yang mampu menjelajahi daerah yang terisolasi sekalipun. Quadrotor dipilih karena memiliki stabilitas mobilitas dan fleksibilitas tinggi. Dalam penelitian ini akan dikembangkan desain dan implementasi dari quadrotor. Perancangan model menggunakan software CATIA dengan batasan dimensi maksimum 70x70x50cm dan massa 15 kg. Kemudian analisis struktur menggunakan metode elemen hingga dengan kriteria kegagalan von-mises faktor keamanan 15 terhadap yield strength bahan. Dan simulasi kendali kestabilan roll-pitch-yaw dan ketinggian tetap dengan bantuan software numerik. Simulasi ini menggunakan kendali Proportional-Integral-Derivative PID. Dalam proses rancang bangun akan menggunakan desain dari CATIA dan analisis yang telah dilakukan selama simulasi. Untuk rangkaian elektronik inertial measurement unit IMU sensor barometer GPS dan komunikasi data menggunakan sistem Ardupilot Mega. Quadrotor yang diproduksi memiliki dimensi 605x605x160 mm bermassa 1117 gram dan telah memiliki instrumen kamera. Dalam pengujian lapangan quadrotor telah mampu terbang dengan dua mode yakni mode stabilize dan altitude hold. Sedangkan dalam simulasi kestabilan dengan software numerik didapatkan respon sesuai dengan keinginan. Yakni settling time sistem roll dan pitch 1419 detik yaw 2327 detik dan sistem untuk ketinggian tetap 6339 detik. Pada analisis stuktur memberikan hasil bahwa akrilik dan aluminium 6061-T6 telah memenuhi persyaratan bahan dengan faktor keamanan 353 aluminium dan 306 akrilik.


ABSTRACT

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAV is a aircraft without any pilot inside it. In the world military UAV used to many purpose example for enemy surveillance conflict area or for reconnaissance mission. Although for civil needs UAV can be used for mapping remote area active mountain monitoring traffic monitoring or aerial photograph of an tidal waves after disaster. Quadrotor is an option of unmanned aircraft that can travel to an isolated area. Quadrotor has been chosen because it has stability mobility and high flexibility. In this research there will developing design and implementation of a quadrotor. Modelling with CATIA software quadrotors dimension limit maximum 70x70x50 cm and masses 15 kg. After that structure analysis using finite element method with von-mises failure criteria safety factor 15 to yield strength of material. And stability control simulation roll-pitch-yaw and altitude hold computed with numerical software. This simulation using Proportional-Integral-Derivative PID controller. And Then production based from CATIA and analysis from simulation. For electronic circuit Inertial Measurement Unit IMU barometric sensor GPS and data communication using ArduPilot Mega system. Produced quadrotor has 605x605x160 mm in dimension 1117 grams in mass and camera instrumen has been mounted on it. In field test quadrotor can fly on two modes there are stabilize and altitude hold mode. In the other side stability simulation on numerical software quadrotors response meets requirement. Settling time of roll and pitch system are 1419 seconds yaw system is 2327 seconds and altitude hold system is 6339 seconds. And in structural analysis give result that acrylic and aluminium 6061-T6 has met design requirements with safety factor 353 almuminium and 306 acrylic.



KeywordsRancang bangun; UAV; analisis struktur; kendali kestabilan; simulasi.
 
Subject:  Automatic pilot (airplanes) Propellers, aerial Airplanes--design and construction
Contributor
  1. Hendro Nurhadi, Dipl.-Ing, Ph.D
Date Create: 25/07/2012
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-21001130001874
Collection ID: 21001130001874
Call Number: RSM 629.135 2 Luk r


Source
Undergraduate Thesis of Mechanical Engineering, RSM 629.135 2 Luk r, 2013

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Copyright @2013 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-23528-abstract-idpdf.pdf - 385 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-23528-abstract-enpdf.pdf - 381 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-23528-conclusionpdf.pdf - 425 KB




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