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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Perencanaan Wilayah & Kota
Posted by yeni at 14/08/2009 09:51:55  •  4478 Views


UPAYA PENINGKATAN EFEKTIFITAS IMB SEBAGAI INSTRUMEN PENGENDALIAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN DI KOTA SURABAYA

EFFECTIVENESS IMPROVEMENT EFFORT OF BUILDING LISENCE AS LAND USE CONTROL INSTRUMENT IN SURABAYA

Author :
Mindasari, Yeni 




ABSTRAK

Ijin Mendirikan Bangunan IMB merupakan intrumen pengendali dalam penggunaan lahan. Namun prakteknya di lapangan fungsi IMB sebagai kontrol tidak efektif. Pada dasarnya jika suatu bangunan mengalami perubahan fungsi maka ijin IMB sebelumnya menjadi tidak berlaku. Ijin IMB yang harusnya berfungsi untuk mengendalikan perubahan penggunaan lahan tersebut dinilai tidak efektif karena masih banyaknya bangunan yang melanggar. Disisi lain instrumen perizinan yang semestinya berperan sebagai perangkat penegakan hukum seringkali bergeser peran secara paradoksal menjadi alat penyimpangan terhadap aturan hukum. hakikatnya IMB tidak lagi berfungsi sebagai instrumen pengendalian melainkan lebih berperan sebagai mesin penghasil PAD. Dengan menggunakan kajian teoritis dari berbagai pustaka tahapan awal yang dilakukan adalah menganalisa secara deskriptif dengan membandingkan kondisi eksisting perijinan IMB di Kota Surabaya dengan kondisi ideal dari kajian teoritis. Kemudian diperoleh faktor-faktor yang menjadi faktor penyebab ketidakefektifan ijin IMB. Faktor-faktor tersebut kemudian diiterasi dengan pendapat pakar dengan menggunakan analisa delphi. Hasil dari eksplorasi faktor-faktor yang ditemukan disesuaikan dengan kondisi di Kota Surabaya berdasarkan opini responden dan digabungkan engan faktor baru yang ditemukan. Berdasarkan faktor tersebut tahap selanjutnya adalah identifikasi hal hal yang perlu ditingkatkanditambahkan untuk peningkatan efektifitas IMB berdasarkan opini dan tambahan dari para pakar tersebut. Tahap selanjutnya adalah menentukan upaya peningkatan efektifitas IMB sebagai instrumen pengendalian penggunaan lahan di Kota Surabaya. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa faktor faktor penyebab ketidakefektifan diklasifikasikan secara substansi dan mekanisme. Untuk aspek substansi meliputi faktor tujuan IMB basis pengambilan keputusan dokumen yang dirujuk sifat insentif dan disinsentif komunikasi sedangkan aspek mekanisme meliputi persepsi mekanime pengawasan dan pengendalian serta koordinasi. Adapun upaya yang perlu dilakukan meliputi Sosialisasi produk Rencanata Tata Ruang berikut implementasinya berdasarkan Undang Undang Sosialisasi bahwa setiap pemanfaatan ruang adalah harus melalui IMB Penerapan peraturan secara konsisten kegiatan pengendalian baik pengawasan dan pengendalian secara berkala serta menerapkan insentif disinsentif serta peyederhanaan prosedur dan peningkatan pelayanan masyarakat.


ABSTRACT

Building license is an instrument of land use control. Basically a building license is expired when a building function is altered. Many violations of building license happen so it can be concluded that building license which is previously purposed to control land use change isnt effective. In the other hand permission instrument which should be happened to be a law enforcement instrument often altered to be law violation instrument. In bottom line building license is no longer control instrument income maker instrument instead. From literature review it is known that first stage of analysis is comparing current condition of building license in Surabaya with ideal state descriptively. So it can be derived the factors causing the building license ineffectiveness. Those factors than will be iterated with expert initiative using Delphi analysis. The result of the discovered factors is adjusted with condition in Surabaya in accordance of respondent opinion and collaborated with new discovered factors. The next stage analysis is identification of things that should be improved or included in order to improve the building license effectiveness based on expert opinion. The last stage is determining effort to improve license building effectiveness as an instrument of land use control in Surabaya. The result of this research is that factors causing license building ineffectiveness are grouped according to the substances and mechanism. Substance aspects are factor of building license purpose decision making basis cited documents attribute of incentive and disincentive communication and mechanism aspects are mechanism perception monitoring and controlling coordination. Efforts needed to be taken are socialization of urban planning products socialization of that every space occupation needed to be permitted by building license consistently law pertaining control activities application of incentive and disincentive and also procedural simplification and public services improvement.



Keywordspengendalian;IMB;lahan fungsi
 
Subject:  Land use ; Urban
Contributor
  1. Putu Gde Ariastita, ST, MT
Date Create: 14/08/2009
Type: Text
Format: pdf.
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100009035585
Collection ID: 3100009035585
Call Number: RSPW 333.731 3 Min u


Source
Undergraduate Theses,Civil Engineering and Planning,RSPW 333.731 3 Min u, 2009

Coverage
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Copyright @2009 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-5119-3604100059-kesimpulan.pdf - 78 KB




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