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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Industri
Posted by setiawan04@its.ac.id at 31/05/2010 09:51:34  •  2796 Views


MAMPUKAH KEBIJAKAN PERGULAAN NASIONAL MENINGKATKAN PEROLEHAN PENDAPATAN PETANI TEBU SEBUAH PENGHAMPIRAN DINAMIKA SISTEM

POLICY ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL SUGAR INDUSTRY IS IT CAPABLE TO INCREASE THE INCOME OF SUGAR CANE FARMER A SYSTEM DYNAMICS APPROACH

Author :
Novitasari, Ratna  ( 2506100118 )




ABSTRAK

Dari waktu ke waktu perkembangan industri gula di Indonesia selalu menarik untuk dibahas mulai masa kejayaan Indonesia sebagai negara pengekspor gula terbesar hingga keterpurukan produksi gula yang mengharuskan Indonesia menjadi negara pengimpor gula sejak awal tahun 1990 hingga saat ini dengan jumlah permintaan yang semakin tinggi. Secara historis industri gula merupakan salah satu industri perkebunan tertua dan terpenting yang ada di Indonesia. Sejarah menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia pernah mengalami era kejayaan industri gula pada tahun 1930 dimana jumlah pabrik gula yang beroperasi adalah 179 pabrik gula. Hal ini merupakan sebuah prestasi karena menjadikan Indonesia sebagai negara penghasil gula terbesar didunia bersaing dengan Cuba. Setelah mengalami berbagai pasang-surut industri gula Indonesia sekarang setidaknya hanya didukung oleh 58 pabrik gula PG yang aktif impor gula meningkat hingga 50 untuk pemenuhan kebutuhan gula domestik yang menjadikan Indonesia sebagai Negara pengimpor gula terbesar kelima di dunia. Keadaan ini mengindikasikan adanya permasalahan pada industri gula Indonesia. Permasalahan yang terjadi pada pergulaan nasional nyatanya tidak hanya tentang produksi gula yang terus menurun dari waktu ke waktu namun juga berkaitan dengan kebijakan pemerintah dan regulasi tentang sistem pergulaan yang dinilai belum mampu meningkatkan kesejahteraan petani tebu. Maka dalam penyelesaian masalah ini dilakukan dengan permodelan menggunakan pendekatan sistem dinamik. Fungsi dari pendekatan sistem dinamik ini adalah menggambarkan model secara keseluruhan dan melakukan simulasi skenario kebijakan pemerintah dalam upaya peningkatan kesejahteraan petani tebu Indonesia. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan diperoleh hasil bahwa skenario yang memberikan dampak paling signifikan terhadap peningkatan profit petani tebu Indonesia adalah melakukan revitalisasi pabrik guladan penetapan bea masuk gula impir sebesar 20.


ABSTRACT

The development of sugar industry in Indonesia has been always an interesting topic to be discussed over the time started from eighty years back at which Indonesia was the largest sugar exporter country to the collapse of sugar production which forced Indonesia to become sugar importer country at the beginning of 1990 until now as demand is getting higher time by time. Historically the sugar industry is one of the oldest and most important plantation industries in Indonesia. History shows that Indonesia has experienced the glorious era of the sugar industry in 1930 the amount of sugar factories that operated was 179 sugar factories. This is a great achievement made Indonesia the largest sugar producing country in the world competing with Cuba. After experiencing many rise and fall Indonesian sugar industry has now decreased to at least 58 active sugar factories whereas sugar imports increased by 50 as to meet domestic sugar demand that made Indonesia the fifth-largest sugar importer country in the world. This situation indicates that there is a problem in the Indonesian sugar industry. Problems that occurred at the national sugar industry are not just about the declining of sugar production from time to time but also related to the government policies and regulations of the sugar industry systems that have not been capable yet to improve the welfare of sugarcane farmers. So in this case problem solving is approach by dynamic systems modeling. The function of this dynamic system approach is to describe the real system behavior and to simulate scenarios of government policies as an effort to improve the welfare of Indonesian sugarcane farmers. Based on research conducted the obtained results show that the best scenario provides the most significant impact on Indonesia sugarcane farmers profit is to revitalize sugar factories and the establishment of sugar import duty to 20.



Keywordsindustri gula nasional; sistem dinamis; kesejahteraan petani tebu
 
Subject:  Sistem Dinamika
Contributor
  1. Prof.Dr.Ir. Budisantoso Wirjodirdjo, M.Eng
Date Create: 10/02/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100010038953
Collection ID: 3100010038953
Call Number: RSI 003.85 Nov m


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, Industrial Engineering, RSI 003.85 Nov m, 2010

Coverage
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Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-10670-Abstract_id.pdf - 9 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-10670-Abstract_en.pdf - 10 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-10670-Conclusion.pdf - 8 KB
  4.  ITS-Undergraduate-10670-Paper.pdf - 596 KB




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