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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Industri
Posted by setiawan04@its.ac.id at 31/05/2010 09:54:47  •  2670 Views


ANALISIS DAYA SAING KLASTER INDUSTRI MINYAK DAN GAS BUMI DI JAWA TIMUR DENGAN PENDEKATAN DINAMIKA SISTEM STUDI KASUS INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN PELUMAS DI JAWA TIMUR

COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER OIL AND GAS WITH SYSTEM DYNAMIC APPROACH IN EAST JAVA Case study Lubricant Industry in East Java

Author :
Putri, Devinata Juwita  ( 2506100146 )




ABSTRAK

Jawa Timur memiliki potensi kekayaan alam yang besar dalam sektor minyak dan gas bumi. Berdasarkan Departemen Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Jawa Timur kandungan cadangan minyak Jatim sebesar 913.09 MMSTB ESDM 2008 dan potensi minyak dan gas bumi yang ditemukan di Cepu ternyata hanya mengandung 0.011 dari potensi migas yang ada di seluruh Jawa Timur. Potensi sumber daya yang besar ini harusnya dapat dimanfaatkan secara optimal oleh masyarakat industri khususnya industri lokal agar bermain di sektor ini. Industri minyak dan gas memiliki posisi strategis yang penting dalam pembangunan nasional oleh karena itu pengembangan industri ini harusnya mendapat dukungan yang baik dari seluruh stakeholder baik dari industri pendukung yang terkait maupun dari pemerintah selaku pembuat kebijakan. Konsep pengembangan klaster industri minyak dan gas bumi khususnya pada industri pengolahan sebagai embrio dalam pilot pengembangan klaster industri migas merupakan langkah strategis yang bisa dilakukan oleh seluruh stakeholder industri migas dalam upaya peningkatan daya saing industri migas ke depan melalui diagnosis peran dan perilaku stakeholder dalam sistem tersebut. Identifikasi sistem industri migas di Jawa Timur akan mampu memetakan potensi migas yang ada baik secara pelaku maupun aktivitas sistem rantai nilai. Di dalam penelitian ini metode focus group discussion merupakan metode pengambilan data utama untuk mengidentfikasi kondisi sistem migas di Jawa Timur khususnya pada industri pelumas. Hubungan keterkaitan antar pelaku baik dalam rantai nilai industri migas dan model stakeholder migas Jatim maupun hubungan dalam pembentukan daya saing klaster industri pelumas yang akan mendukung peningkatan daya saing industri migas merupakan output yang akan dihasilkan dalam penelitian ini. Analisis daya saing dengan melihat perilaku model dan hubungan antar variable daya saing dengan Diamond Porter merupakan tahap identfikasi faktor apa yang sebenarnya sangat berpengaruh secara signifikan dalam peningkatan daya saing industri migas. Sistem dinamis merupakan metode yang akan digunakan dalam penelitian ini untuk menggambarkan hubungan keterkaitan antar variabel dan pelaku migas di Jawa Timur dalam meningkatkan daya saing klaster industri migas. Model sistem dinamis ini mendeskripsikan perilaku variable dalam time horizon tertentu sehingga dapat dilihat seberapa besar juga pengaruh kebijakan terjadap model tersebut. Identifikasi model berdasarkan model daya saing industri minyak di Brazil dan Diamond Porter menjadi referensi utama dalam melihat keterkaitan antar variabel dalam sistem tersebut. Simulasi model yang telah divalidasi dan diverifikasi akan dianalisa untuk mengetahui saat ini variable apa yang cukup signifikan dalam memberikan konstribusi besar terhadap peningkatan daya saing industri pelumas di Jawa Timur. Berdasarkan hasil simulasi kebijakan pemerintah tidak mampu memberikan perubahan yang cukup signifikan dalam peningkatan daya saing industri pelumas justru peran industri pendukung utamanya pengangkutan yang memberikan pengaruh sangat sensitive terhadap peningkatan daya saing klaster industri pelumas.


ABSTRACT

According to East Java Department of Energy and Resources East Java has 913.09 MMSTB of oil reserves ESDM 2008 which made oil discovery in Cepu only 0.011 of its amount.This numbers shows that East Java is very potential for establishing an industry based on this sector and because of that industrial subjects more importantly for the local ones should optimize this great opportunity . Oil and Gas Industry has a very important role and strategic position in Indonesias national development and therefore a development on this sector should be fully supported by every stakeholders from supporting industries society and also government with their policies. Industrial cluster development concept which uses refinery industry as a an embrioand also diagnosing and planning the role relationship and behaviour of every stakeholder is a strategic way to enhance competitiveness of Oil and Gas Industry A thorugh identification on system of Oil and Gas industry in East Java will led to a mapping on oil and gas potential region based on industrial subject or value chain activity. In this research focus group discussion is used for colleting the primary data on the current state of oil and gas industry system specifically on lubricant refinery process. Relationship between industrial subjects on Oil and Gas in value chain and stakeholder model for East Java and also in building and enhancing industrial cluster competitive advantage are the results of this research. Analysis on competitiveness by observing model behaviour and relationship of competitiveness variables with Porters Diamond is used to identify which factor is significantly influencing in enhancing the competitiveness of Oil and Gas Industy. Dynamic system used to show relationship between variables and actors of Oil and Gas industry in east java in increasing the competitive advantage of the industrial cluster. The output models is able to show variables behaviour within a time scope which will show the impact of government policy. A model on Brazilian Oil Company Competitiveness in The Brazillian Oil Industry The Brazilian Oil Diamond 2000 is used as the basic reference for this model building. Model is validated and verificated before being used to simulate the result. From the result of models simulation government poilcy has not been able to significanttly increase the competitive advantage while the role of supporting industry is very sensitif to the objectives of system which is to enhance the competitiveness of Oil and Gas industrial cluster.



Keywordsklaster Industri minyak dan gas; stakeholder; analisis rantai nilai; analisis daya saing, sistem dinamis; Diamond Porter
 
Subject:  Sistem Dinamika
Contributor
  1. Ir. Patdono Suwignjo, M.Eng.Sc, Ph.D.
  2. Prof.Dr.Ir.BudisantosoWirjodirdjo,M.Eng
Date Create: 04/02/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100010038955
Collection ID: 3100010038955
Call Number: RSI 003.85 Put a


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, Industrial Engineering, RSI 003.85 Put a, 2010

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-10674-Abstract_id.pdf - 32 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-10674-Abstract_en.pdf - 37 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-10674-Conclusion.pdf - 48 KB
  4.  ITS-Undergraduate-10674-Paper.pdf - 951 KB




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