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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Kimia
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 27/01/2011 18:29:37  •  1270 Views


DISTILASI ADSORBSI TERINTEGRASI SECARA KONTINYU UNTUK MENDAPATKAN BIOETHANOL FUEL GRADE

CONTINOUSLY INTEGRATED DISTILLATION-ADSORBTION FOR BIOETHANOL FUEL GRADE PRODUCTION

Author :
WAHYUDI, GANES ADITYA GUNA  ( 2306100003 )
GANITRI, PUTU MAS SATVIKA




ABSTRAK

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuat prototype pembuatan bioethanol skala kecil dengan sestem distilasi adsorbsi terintegrasi yang dapat dioperasikan baik secara batch maupun kontinyu. Prototype ini terdiri dari dua unit utama yaitu 1 unit pemurnian berupa kolom distilasi dan 1 unit pemurnian yang terdiri dari kolom distilasi dan adsorbs yang terintegrasi. Unit ke-1 pemurnian berupa kolom destilasi packing dengan tinggi 80 cm dan diameter 66 cm berisi stainless steel wool sebagai packing. Kolom ini berfungsi untuk meningkatkan konsentrasi ethanol dalam feed menjadi 55-60 massa unit ke-2 pemurnian berupa kolom detilasi dengan tinggi 100 cm dan diameter 54 cm yang berfungsi untuk meningkatkan konsentrasi ethanol dalam feed hingga melebihi titik azeotropnya. Untuk pemurnian berupa kolom adsorpsi berisi zeolite tipe 3A yang berfungsi untuk meningkatkan kadar ethanol. Proses dilakukan secara kontinyu dengan hasil yang didapat setelah pengambilan sampel distilat setiap 10 menit adalah relatif konstan. Konsentrasi akhir bioethanol yang diperoleh adalah 99 massa dengan konsentrasi feed 5 dan 10 massa. Parameter desain yang berperan dalam mendeesain kolom adalah HETP Height Equivalent of a Theoritical Plate dan Nt Number of Theoritical Plate. HETP untuk kolom distilasi 1 adalah 245 cm dan 268 cm untuk kolom kedua


ABSTRACT

In this work we obtain a prototype of bioethanol fuel grade using small scale package integrated distillation and adsorbtion system that may operated both batch and continuos with hight concentration of ethanol. This prototype consist of 2 main unit 1 purification unit is distillation column and the other purification unit consist of integrated distillation-adsorbsion in one column. The first distillation unit is a column with 80 cm height and 66 cm diameter. This column is filled with fixed stainless steel wool as packing. The main function of first column is to get maximum pure ethanol concentration 55-60 mass. The second distillation has 100 cm height and 54 cm diameter that integrated with adsorbtion column. Column adsorbstion filled with zeolit 3A. From the experiment. the high purity of ethanol that produce from this prototype is 99 mass with feed concentration 5 and 10 mass. Parameter design that very useful to design a column are HETP Height Equivalent of a Theoritical Plate and Nt Number of Theoritical Plate. HETP for the first distillation column is 245 cm and 268 cm for the second distillation column.



KeywordsPrototype; Bioethanol; Fuel Grade ; Continue
 
Subject:  Alkohol; Gas bio; Penyulingan
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. Ir. GEDE WIBAWA, M.Eng
Date Create: 28/07/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100011041927
Collection ID: 3100011041927
Call Number: RSK 662.88 Wah d


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, Chemical Engineering, RSK 662.88 Wah d, 2010

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Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-13584-Abstract_id.pdf - 51 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-13584-Abstract_en.pdf - 56 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-13584-Conclusion-22462.pdf - 22 KB




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