1 is the highest density. SIG is used to visualizing the result from alternative road which could probably be passed by vehicles. Results from this research indicate’s that the highest Degree of Saturation (DS) occured at 07.00-08.00 A.M on Wonokromo Street with DS 1,775, the lowest Degree of Saturation occured at 06.00-07.00 A.M on Tanjung Perak\\\'s Street with DS 0,154. From GIS applications and time which has been determined according to busy hours, obtained normal path where the traffic’s density ignores, blocking path due to the huge degree of saturation (DS) on that street, and the alternative path in which this path indicated the highway to avoid the traffic jams when the peak of degree of saturation."> 1 is the highest density. SIG is used to visualizing the result from alternative road which could probably be passed by vehicles. Results from this research indicate’s that the highest Degree of Saturation (DS) occured at 07.00-08.00 A.M on Wonokromo Street with DS 1,775, the lowest Degree of Saturation occured at 06.00-07.00 A.M on Tanjung Perak\\\'s Street with DS 0,154. From GIS applications and time which has been determined according to busy hours, obtained normal path where the traffic’s density ignores, blocking path due to the huge degree of saturation (DS) on that street, and the alternative path in which this path indicated the highway to avoid the traffic jams when the peak of degree of saturation." /> 1 is the highest density. SIG is used to visualizing the result from alternative road which could probably be passed by vehicles. Results from this research indicate’s that the highest Degree of Saturation (DS) occured at 07.00-08.00 A.M on Wonokromo Street with DS 1,775, the lowest Degree of Saturation occured at 06.00-07.00 A.M on Tanjung Perak\\\'s Street with DS 0,154. From GIS applications and time which has been determined according to busy hours, obtained normal path where the traffic’s density ignores, blocking path due to the huge degree of saturation (DS) on that street, and the alternative path in which this path indicated the highway to avoid the traffic jams when the peak of degree of saturation." />
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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Geodesi / Teknik Geomatika
Posted by ansi@its.ac.id at 27/03/2012 09:04:21  •  1077 Views


APLIKASI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS UNTUK EVALUASI KEPADATAN LALU LINTAS JALAN ARTERI PRIMER DAN ARTERI SEKUNDER DI KOTA SURABAYA

APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM TO EVALUATE THE TRAFFIC DENSITY OF PRIMARY ARTERY ROAD AND SECONDARY ARTERY ROAD IN SURABAYA

Author :
RUBIYANTI, ARHIYAH  ( 3506100026 )




ABSTRAK

Aktifitas kehidupan kota Surabaya yang semakin meningkat ketidakseimbangan antara pertumbuhan kendaraan dengan penyediaan jala menimbulkan kepadataan lalu lintas yang puncaknya terjadi pada jam sibuk. Jam sibuk adalah jam dalam satu periode sibuk pagi hari dan sore hari waktu setempat. Kepadatan lalu lintas tersebut sering dijumpai pada jalan arteri primer dan arteri sekunder kota. Pada kondisi tersebut kecepatan perjalanan rendah sehingga tingkat pelayanan kualitas jalan perjalanan menjadi buruk. Mengingat keterbatasan dana untuk pembangunan saranaprasarana jalan dan kendala fisik geologis lahan di jalan arteri maka untuk mengatasi hal tersebut diperlukan suatu alternatif teknologi yaitu sistem informasi berbasiskan komputer. Sistem informasi berbasiskan komputer ini berupa Sistem Informasi Geografis SIG yang menyajikan gambaran mengenai kepadatan lalu lintas dengan memperhatikan Derajat Kejenuhan DS. Dalam penelitian ini data spasial yang digunakan adalah peta RBI Kota Surabaya tahun 1999 skala 125.000 dan data non spasial yang meliputi data tabular kapasitas jalan serta volume kendaraan pada jalan arteri primer dan sekunder Kota Surabaya. Jam sibuk yang digunakan mulai pukul 06.00-09.00 pada pagi hari dan 16.00-19.00 pada sore hari karena pada buku panduan Survey Kinerja Lalu Lintas Kota Surabaya 2010 yang didapat dari Dinas Perhubungan Pemerintah Kota Surabaya menunjukkan bahwa jam tersebut memiliki volume lalu lintas tertinggi diantara jam 05.00-21.00 BBWI. DS dihitung dari hasil bagi antara volume total kendaraan tiap jam Q dengan kapasitas jalan C. Dari hasil nilai DS akan dikelompokkan menjadi tiga tingkat kepadatan yang pertama nilai DS 0-05adalah tidak padat nilai DS 051-1 adalah padat dan nilai DS1 adalah sangat padat. SIG digunakan untuk memvisualisasikan hasil dari jalur alternatif yang mungkin bisa dilewati oleh kendaraan pada jam sibuk tersebut. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa derajat kejenuhan tertinggi terjadi pada jam 07.00-08.00 BBWI di jalan Wonokromo dengan derajat kejenuhan 1775 sedangkan derajat kejenuhan terendah terjadi pada jam 06.00-07.00 BBWI di jalan Tanjung Perak dengan derajat kejenuhan 0154. Dari aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis dengan waktu yang telah ditentukan sesuai jam sibuk ini didapatkan jalur normal dimana tidak menghiraukan hambatan kepadatan lalu lintas jalur terhambat dikarenakan derajat kejenuhan pada jalan tersebut tinggi dan jalur alternatif dimana pada jalur ini akan ditunjukkan jalur bebas hambatan untuk menghindari kemacetan lalu lintas.pada saat derajat kejenuhan jalur tersebut tinggi.


ABSTRACT

The activity of life of Surabaya City has increased imbalance of vehicles growth and provision of road vehicles causing the traffic density which its peak happened at busy hour. Busy hours is certain time in a busy period morning and evening local time. The traffic density often encountered in primary arterial roads and secondary arterial road of the city. In these condition the vehicles speed decrease so that the level of quality roads services become worse. Considering fund limitation for the development of roads facilitiesinfrastructure and constraint of physical on geological aspect artery road hence to overcome the issues it is needed an alternative technology named information system computer-based. Information system computer based is Geographic Information System that provides an overview of Traffic Density by giving attention to Degree of Saturation DS. In this research the spatial data used is topographic map of Surabaya in 1999 the scale 125.000 and non spatial data including tabular data of roads capacity and also volume of vehicles on primary arterial road and secondary arterial road of Surabaya. Busy hours which is used starting at 06.00-09.00 A.M and 4.00-7.00 P.M due to the guide-book Survey Kinerja Lalu Lintas Kota Surabaya 2010 obtained from Dinas Perhubungan Surabaya indicates the time which have the highest traffic volume among 05.00 A.M - 09.00 P.M . DS is calculated from quotient between total volume of vehicles every hour Q with the roads capacity C. DSs value will be grouped into three levels of density first level of DS 0 05 is lowest density level DS 051 1 is higher density and level DS1 is the highest density. SIG is used to visualizing the result from alternative road which could probably be passed by vehicles. Results from this research indicates that the highest Degree of Saturation DS occured at 07.00-08.00 A.M on Wonokromo Street with DS 1775 the lowest Degree of Saturation occured at 06.00-07.00 A.M on Tanjung Peraks Street with DS 0154. From GIS applications and time which has been determined according to busy hours obtained normal path where the traffics density ignores blocking path due to the huge degree of saturation DS on that street and the alternative path in which this path indicated the highway to avoid the traffic jams when the peak of degree of saturation.



KeywordsSistem Informasi Geografis; Kepadatan lalu Lintas; Derajat Kejenuhan; Kota Surabaya
 
Subject:  Geografi
Contributor
  1. Hepi Hapsari Handayani,ST, MSc
Date Create: 17/01/2012
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100012045733
Collection ID: 3100012045733
Call Number: RSG 025.069 1 Rub a


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, Geomatics Engineering, RSG 025.069 1 Rub a, 2011

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2012 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-18355-Abstract_id-pdf.pdf - 523 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-18355-Abstract_en-pdf.pdf - 568 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-18355-Conclusion-pdf.pdf - 520 KB
  4.  ITS-Undergraduate-18355-Paper-pdf.pdf - 421 KB




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