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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Perencanaan Wilayah & Kota
Posted by aprill@is.its.ac.id at 11/02/2016 15:38:06  •  749 Views


ARAHAN PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN INDUSTRI GULA TOELANGAN MELALUI PENDEKATAN KONSEP SIMBIOSIS INDUSTRI

DEVELOPMENT DIRECTION FOR SUGAR INDUSTRY AREA OF TOELANGAN THROUGH INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS APPROACH

Author :
RAKHMAWATI, DWI AYU ( 3610 100 068 )




ABSTRAK

Fenomena umum yang terjadi pada hubungan antara dunia industri dengan alam disebabkan karena adanya benturan kepentingan dimana alam adalah suatu siklus sedangkan sistem industri adalah linier. Dampak dari sistem yang linier pada industri dapat menyebabkan penurunan pada aktivitas produksi sehingga industri menjadi tidak berkelanjutan. Pabrik Gula PG Toelangan yang terletak di Kecamatan Tulangan Kabupaten Sidoarjo telah mengalami dampak negatif dari sistem industri yang linier yakni kerugian materiil yang cukup besar. Kerugian ini berpengaruh besar terhadap penurunan produksi gula. Di lain hal PG Toelangan ternyata memiliki potensi pengembangan konsep simbiosis industri yakni tersedianya limbahhasil samping dari produksi gula yang belum dimanfaatkan secara optimal. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menyusun arahan pengembangan kawasan industri gula Toelangan melalui pendekatan konsep simbiosis industri. Konsep simbiosis industri yang merupakan turunan dari konsep Sustainable Development adalah suatu bentuk kerjasama di antara industri-industri yang berbeda sehingga dapat menciptakan nilai tambah pada hasil samping yang tidak terpakai dan pada akhirnya berdampak positif pada lingkungan serta kesejahteraan masyarakat sekitar kawasan industri. Jenis industri turunan dari industri gula yang didapatkan melalui pendekatan konsep simbiosis industri melalui karakteristik yang unik. Berdasarkan pohon industri tersebut diidentifikasi aliran bahan baku dari industri turunan yang dapat dikembangkan yakni industri kertas dan bioethanol pada lapisan pertama industri biogas pada lapisan kedua dan industri pupuk pada lapisan ketiga. Faktor-faktor pengembangan kawasan simbiosis industri yang didapatkan dari kajian literatur dibobotkan dengan AHP dan didapatkan faktor prioritas tinggi yakni material murni SDM dan kebutuhan lahan faktor prioritas sedang yakni kerjasama stakeholder organisasi manajemen kawasan industri mitigasi bencana desain lingkungan serta fasilitas dan utilitas faktor prioritas rendah yakni aksesibilitas serta media dan sistem informasi. Dari kedua sasaran ini akan didapatkan arahan pengembangan kawasan industri gula yang sesuai dengan konsep simbiosis industri.


ABSTRACT

Common phenomenon which occurs in the relationship between industry and nature is caused by a conflict of importance that nature is a cycle and industry system is linear. The impact of linear system in the industry may lead to a decrease in the production activity and makes the industry becomes unsustainable. Pabrik Gula Toelangan Toelangan Sugar Factory which is located in Toelangan district Sidoarjo has experienced the negative impact of industry linear system that is suffer losses large number of materials. These losses greatly affect the decline of sugar production. On the other hand Toelangan Sugar Factory proved to have the potential for developing industrial symbiosis concept by the availability of wasteby-product of sugar production which has not been used optimally. This study aims to arrange development direction for sugar industry area of Toelangan through the concept of industrial symbiosis approach. The concept of industrial symbiosis which is derived from the concept of Sustainable Development is a form of cooperation among different industries in creating added value on waste or unused residue of production which later have a positive impact on the environment and the welfare of community around the industry area. Industry type derivatives from the sugar industry which is obtained through the concept of industrial symbiosis approach have unique characteristics. Based on the industry tree it is identified that the flow of raw materials from the derivatives industry can be developed into some industries. Paper industry and bio-ethanol are in the first layer bio gas industry is in the second layer and fertilizer industry is in the third layer. Development factors of industry symbiosis area are obtained from the literature review qualified by AHP which later obtained high priority factors such as pure materials human resources and land requirements average factor priority such as stakeholder cooperation organization of industry area management disaster mitigation environment design facilities and utilities and also low priority factor such as accessibility media and information systems. From both these goals we will get development direction for sugar industry area which appropriate to concept of symbiosis.



Keywordsarahan pengembangan; kawasan industri gula; simbiosis industri; faktor pengembangan; aliran bahan
 
Subject:  industtri perencanaan kota
Contributor
  1. Ardy Maulidy Navastara, ST., MT.
Date Create: 11/02/2016
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-36001150008219
Collection ID: 36001150008219
Call Number: RSPW 711.552 Rak a


Source
Undergraduate Theses of Regional and Urban Planning, RSPW 711.552 Rak a, 2016

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2016 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-39983-3610100068-abstract_id.pdf - 385 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-39983-3610100068-abstract_en.pdf - 386 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-39983-3610100068-conclusion.pdf - 563 KB




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