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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Perkapalan
Posted by dv@its.ac.id at 25/04/2016 15:09:08  •  1004 Views


ANALISIS TEKNIS PENGARUH SUHU RUANG MESIN KAPAL KAYU TERHADAP KEKUATAN BAMBU LAMINASI DENGAN VARIASI LAMA PEMANASAN

TECHNICAL EFFECT ANALYSIS ENGINE ROOM TEMPERATURE OF WOODEN SHIP TOWARD BAMBOO LAMINATE STRENGTH WITH HEATING AND TIME VARIATION

Author :
NARANDA, FERDY ( 4109100005 )




ABSTRAK

Bambu dinilai paling cocok untuk menggantikan kayu karena mempunyai banyak keunggulan untuk dijadikan material utama pembuatan kapal. Penarapan bambu sebagai material utama pembuatan kapal juga harus mempertimbangkan panas yang terjadi pada ruang mesin. Laminasi bambu harus mampu bertahan pada suhu panas yang diakibatkan oleh mesin kapal. Tujuan dari tugas akhir ini adalah menganalisis ketahanan bambu laminasi terhadap suhu panas ruang mesin. Pertama pembuatan spesimen laminasi bambu. Kedua spesimen laminasi bambu dipanaskan pada suhu 60C 80C 100C 120C dan lama pemanasannya 2 jam 4 jam 6 jam. Ketiga dilakukan uji tarik dan uji tekuk. Keempat dilakukan analisis perbandingan terhadap variasi suhu dan lama pemanasan yang telah dilakukan bambu laminasi mengalami peningkatan kekuatan tarik dan tekuk sampai dengan suhu 100C dan mengalami penurunan pada suhu 120C. Dan dari hasil pengujian yaitu uji tarik dan uji tekuk yang telah dilakukan pada laminasi bambu suhu 100C dengan lama pemanasan 2 jam 4 jam 6 jam memiliki kekuatan terbesar didapatkan kuat tarik 147496 Mpa 148755 Mpa 170593 Mpa dan kuat tekuk sebesar 113.16 Mpa 126936 Mpa 15252 Mpa. Pada suhu 120C yang mengalami penurunan kekuatan tarik dan tekuk didapatkan kuat tarik sebesar 141136 Mpa 131193 Mpa 120769 dan kuat tekuk sebesar 130.872 Mpa 128904 Mpa 109224 Mpa. Berdasarkan hasil data pengujian bambu laminasi masih memenuhi kekuatannya apabila mendapat panas dari mesin sebesar 80C dan panas suhu ruang mesin 45C.


ABSTRACT

Bamboo is considered the most suitable for replacing wood because it has many advantages to be used as the main material shipbuilding. Application of bamboo as the main material shipbuilding also have to consider the heat that occurs in the engine room. Bamboo laminate must be able to withstand the heat caused by the ships engines. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the resilience of bamboo laminate to heat the engine room. First the manufacture of laminated bamboo specimens. Second bamboo laminate specimen is heated at a temperature of 60 C 80 C 100 C 120 C and long heating 2 hours 4 hours 6 hours. Third test material with tensile and bending tests. Fourth comparative analysis of the variations in temperature and prolonged heating of laminated bamboo that has been done to increase the tensile strength and bend up to a temperature of 100 C and decreased at a temperature of 120oC. And the results of testing the tensile test and bending test has been done on bamboo laminate temperature of 100 C with a heating time 2 hours 4 hours 6 hours has the greatest power obtained 147.496 MPa tensile strength MPa 148.755 170.593 MPa and a strong buckling of 113.16 MPa 126.936 MPa 152.52 MPa. At a temperature of 120 C which decreased tensile strength and bending strength obtained at 141.136 MPa MPa 131.193 120.769 and strong buckling of 130 872 MPa MPa 128.904 109.224 MPa. Based on the results of the test data laminated bamboo strength still strong from the engine when it gets hot at 80 C and the heat of the engine room temperature of 45 C.



KeywordsKapal Kayu; Bambu Laminasi; Variasi Suhu Pemanasan Bambu
 
Subject:  Ships; wooden; Temperature
Contributor
  1. Ir. Heri Supomo, M.Sc.
Date Create: 25/04/2016
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-41001160008727
Collection ID: 41001160008727
Call Number: RSPe 623.853 Nar a


Source
Undergraduate Theses of Naval Architecture & Shipbuilding Engineering, RSPe 623.853 Nar a, 2014

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Rights
Copyright @2016 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-41325-4109100005-abstract_id.pdf - 401 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-41325-4109100005-abstract_en.pdf - 401 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-41325-4109100005-conclusion.pdf - 166 KB




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