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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Sistem Perkapalan
Posted by at 21/04/2016 15:25:59  •  842 Views


ANALISA KINERJA ALAT DESTILASI PENGHASIL AIR TAWAR DENGAN SISTEM EVAPORASI UAP TENAGA SURYA

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF DESTILLATION SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING FRESH WATER BY SOLAR EVAPORATOR SYSTEM

Author :
JUMINETI, DEWI ( 4210100010 )




ABSTRAK

Masyarakat pesisir di Indonesia mendapatkan air tawar dengan cara membeli. Sehingga mereka harus menyiapkan biaya untuk membeli air tawar disamping biaya untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari. Jika air payau yang terdapat pada mata air di rumah-rumah dapat diubah menjadi air tawar maka biaya yang dikeluarkan oleh masyarakat pesisir akan menjadi lebih murah. Penelitian ini dititik beratkan pada performansi alat destilasi penghasil air tawar menggunakan sistem evaporasi uap tenaga surya dengan menganalisa Intensitas matahari terhadap distribusi temperatur daya pada apparatus sudut kemiringan panel dan effisiensi dari apparatus. Analisa didapat menggunakan variabel manipulasi pada sudut kemiringan apparatus 952 pada 20o 21o 22o 23o san 24o dan volume apparatus pada kondisi penuh dan penuh. Pada percobaan yang dilakukan diperoleh hubungan antara Intensitas Matahari dengan distribusi temperatur daya evaporator Qnett sudut kemiringan panel 952 dan effisiensi evaporator 951 dari panel apparatus mengalami fluktuasi dan mengalami titik balik maksimum pada sudut 20o pada volume tube penuh dan penuh. Pada sudut kemiringan 20o dengan volume tube penuh dan temperatur lingkungan 36oC diperoleh distribusi temperatur pada kaca 49oC temperatur udara 59oC dan temperatur tube luar 67oC. Pada sudut kemiringan 20o dengan volume tube penuh dan temperatur lingkungan 34oC diperoleh distribusi temperatur pada kaca 48oC temperatur udara 60oC Temperatur tube luar 68oC. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan pada sudut 20o dengan volume tube penuh diperoleh hasil Intensitas matahari sebesar 1603497 wattm2 sehingga diperoleh daya evaporator sebesar 43467 watt dan temperatur air pada tube 647oC dengan effisiensi evaporator 92 . Hasil perhitungan pada sudut 20o dengan volume penuh diperoleh hasil Intensitas matahari sebesar 1803545 wattm2 diperoleh daya evaporator sebesar 49848 watt dan temperatur air pada tube 6537oC dengan effisiensi evaporator 93.


ABSTRACT

Coastal communities in Indonesia get fresh water by way of purchase. So they have to prepare a cost to purchase in addition to the cost of fresh water for daily needs. If the brackish water found in springs in homes can be converted into fresh water the costs incurred by the coastal communities will becomes cheaper. This research emphasis on the performance of the distillation equipment producing fresh water using solar steam evaporation system by analyzing the intensity of the sun on the temperature distribution power apparatus panel tilt angle and the efficiency of the apparatus. Analysis obtained using the variable manipulation on the angle of the apparatus 952 at 20o 21o 22o 23o 24o and the volume of the apparatus on the condition of full and full. In the experiment the obtained relationship between the intensity of the sun with the temperature distribution power the evaporator Qnett panel angle 952 and evaporator efficiency 951 of the apparatus panel has fluctuated and had a maximum turning point at an angle of 20o to the tube full volume and full. At the angle of 20o with the tube full volume and ambient temperature 36oC the temperature distribution in the glass obtained 49oC 59oC air temperature and outdoor temperature 67oC tube. At the angle of 20o with volume tube full and 34oC ambient temperature the temperature distribution in the glass obtained 48oC 60oC air temperature outside temperature 68oC tube. Based on the calculation at an angle of 20o with the volume of tube full sun intensity results obtained by 1603.497 wattm2 in order to obtain power of 434.67 watt and evaporator water temperature at the evaporator tube 647oC with 92 efficiency. The results of the calculation at an angle of 20o with the results obtained volume full sun intensity at 1803.545 wattm2 was obtained at 498.48 watt power evaporators and the water temperature at the evaporator tube 6537oC with 93 efficiency.



KeywordsDaya evaporator; effisiensi evaporator; intensitas matahari; sudut kemiringan; temperatur air pada tube
 
Subject:  NONE
Contributor
  1. Sutopo Purwono Fitri, ST., M.Eng., Ph.D
  2. Beni Cahyono, ST., MT
Date Create: 21/04/2016
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-42001160008717
Collection ID: 42001160008717
Call Number: RSSP 621.47 Jum a


Source
Undergraduate Thesis of Marine Engineering, RSSP 621.47 Jum a, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2016 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-41288-4210100010-Abstract_id.pdf - 398 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-41288-4210100010-Abstract_en.pdf - 400 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-41288-4210100010-Conclusion.pdf - 178 KB




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