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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Manajemen Operasional (S2)
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 15/01/2013 14:33:35  •  1024 Views


PEMODELAN TRANSISI EERGI MENUJU GREEN ECONOMY DI INDONEISA

ENERGY TRANSITION MODELING TOWARD GREEN ECONOMY IN INDONESIA

Author :
UMMATIN, KUNTUM KHOIRO ( 2510202701 )




ABSTRAK

Energi terutama dalam bentuk listrik sangat dibutuhkan untuk menunjang kegiatan pembangunan dan meningkatkan taraf kesejahteraan hidup masyarakat di tiap negara. Dalam rangka mendukung kebijakan Pemerintah mengenai pengembangan energi khususnya kebijakan Pemerintah di sektor ketenagalistrikan maka sangat diperlukan kebijakan pemanfaatan renewable energy untuk memenuhi kebutuhan energi nasional dan mengurangi konsumsi minyak bumi dari total konsumsi energi di Indonesia. Dengan jumlah penduduk sebanyak 238 juta jiwa BPS 2008 Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara penyumbang emisi CO2 terbesar yaitu sejumlah 2.1 giga ton dari CO2 pada 2005 Kementrian LH2008. Sedangkan menurut pengunaan energi primer ketergantungan pada bahan bakar fosil yang tidak terbarukan masih sangat tinggi dilihat dari proporsi fosil pada pembangkitan sebesar 88 RUPTL 2011. Dengan konsep green economy yang mentargetkan keuntungan ekonomi tinggi namun meminimalkan dampak lingkungan transisi energi menuju renewable energy diperlukan untuk menjamin pasokan energi yang ramah lingkungan dan berdampak positif pada keuntungan ekonomi dan efisiensi sumber daya. Model dikembangkan melalui pendekatan sistem dinamik dan dilakukan simulasi antara 2005-2025. Simulasi dilakukan dengan sekenario pemberlakuan pajak karbon penghapusan subsidi BBM untuk listrik pemberian insentif investasi untuk pengembangan renewable energy. Dari ketiga simulasi tersebut skenario pajak karbon sebagai insentif investasi pengembangan renewable energy menjadi skenario terpilih dengan penghematan biaya energi sebesar 16.68 dan terjadi peningkatan keuntungan lingkungan berupa reduksi emisi CO2 sebesar 11.92 . Pajak karbon yang dikenakan merupakan variabel pemaksa untuk investasi renewable energy.


ABSTRACT

Energy especially electrical is needed to support development and improving the welfare in the country. In order to support the Governments policy on energy development particularly the Governments policy in the electricity sector it is necessary the utilization of renewable energy policy to meet national energy needs and reduce petroleum consumption of total energy consumption in Indonesia. With a population of 238 million people BPS 2008 Indonesia has one of the biggest contributors to CO2 emissions are 2.1 giga tons of CO2 in 2005 Ministry of Environment 2008. Meanwhile according to the use of primary energy dependence on fossil fuels is still very high judging from the proportion of fossil generation by 88 RUPTL 2011. With the green economy concept which targets high economic returns but minimize environmental impact energy transition to renewable energy is needed to ensure supply of clean energy and a positive impact on economic benefits and resource efficiency. The model was developed through a systems approach and the dynamic simulations performed between 2005-2025. Scenario simulations performed with the imposition of carbon taxes the elimination of fuel subsidies for electricity the provision of investment incentives for renewable energy development. From the third simulation the carbon tax scenario as an investment incentive to the development of renewable energy scenario chosen by the energy cost savings of 16.68 and an increase in environmental benefits of reducing CO2 emissions by 11.92. Carbon tax is imposed coercive variables for renewable energy investments.



KeywordsTransisi energi; Renewable energy; Green economy; Sistem dinamik; Kebijakan energi
 
Subject:  Sumber energi; Sistem dinamis
Contributor
  1. DR. Sri Gunani Partiwi, MT
  2. Prof. DR. Ir. Budisantoso Wirjodirdjo, M. Eng
Date Create: 25/07/2012
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-25021130001687
Collection ID: 25021130001687
Call Number: RTI 003.85 Umm p


Source
Paper and Presentation of Industrial Engineering, RTI 003.85 Umm p, 2013

Coverage
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Copyright @2012 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-paper-25021130001687-23380.pdf




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