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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Manajemen Operasional (S2)
Posted by tondoindra@gmail.com at 13/10/2014 17:41:44  •  585 Views


ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN BUDIDAYA MANGROVE BERBASIS KOMUNITAS DI KAWASAN TERDAMPAK LUMPUR SIDOARJO DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN KONSEP GREEN ECONOMY

ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY-BASED MANGROVE CULTIVATION POLICY IN AFFECTED AREA OF SIDOARJO MUDFLOW BY UTILIZING GREEN ECONOMY CONCEPT

Author :
MAFTUHAH, DIESTA IVA ( 2511202902 )




ABSTRAK

Salah satu kerusakan lingkungan yang terjadi di Indonesia adalah bencana Lumpur Sidoarjo yang mengakibatkan banyak spekulasi tentang penyebab bencana tersebut dan dampak di berbagai sektor selama lebih dari enam tahun ini. Permasalahan ini tentunya juga dapat mengakibatkan ketidakstabilan dinamika sosial lokal lingkungan serta ekonomi secara lokal maupun global. Kebijakan budidaya vegetasi mangrove di kawasan terdampak Lumpur Sidoarjo sebagai salah satu solusi untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut diharapkan dapat mengembalikan kondisi ekosistem yang telah rusak dan memberikan keuntungan bagi komunitas lokal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memunculkan alternatif-alternatif kebijakan budidaya mangrove di kawasan terdampak Lumpur Sidoarjo. Untuk selanjutnya alternatif-alternatif ini secara berkala akan dimonitor dan dievaluasi. Pertimbangan utama dalam rangkaian aktivitas ini adalah konsep green economy yang secara simultan memperhatikan aspek ekonomi sosial dan lingkungan. Kompleksitas interaksi antar variabel dan perilaku sistem mengenai dinamika kondisi Lumpur Sidoarjo mendasari pemilihan metode system dynamics untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut. Sesuai dengan hasil simulasi dari lima skenario ditunjukkan bahwa kedua skenario yaitu skenario penambahan bibit mangrove paling berpengaruh terhadap aspek lingkungan skenario peningkatan fraksi kerjasama instansi paling berpengaruh terhadap aspek ekonomi dan sosial. Sedangkan ketiga skenario yang lain seperti peningkatan fraksi stok benih budidaya peningkatan fraksi alokasi dana pendidikan dan peningkatan harga ikan budidaya tidak signifikan memberikan pengaruh terhadap aspek green economy. Untuk mengatasi trade-off dari skenario terpilih maka dilakukan kombinasi skenario yang berkelanjutan terhadap ketiga aspek green economy. Kombinasi skenario yang dipilih adalah skenario optimistik yang menerapkan peningkatan terhadap kelima skenario dan sangat mempengaruhi aspek green economy secara signifikan sehingga diperlukan kolaborasi optimal antar kombinasi skenario.


ABSTRACT

One of the environmental damage that occurred in Indonesia is Sidoarjo mudflow disaster that caused so many speculations about the cause of the disaster and the impact on various sectors for more than six years. The problem of course can also lead to the dynamics instability of local social environmental and economy both locally and globally. Mangrove cultivation policy in the affected area of Sidoarjo mudflow as one of solutions to overcome these problems is expected to restore the ecosystems that have been damaged and benefit for the local community. This research aims to bring up alternative policies of mangrove cultivation in the affected area of Sidoarjo mudflow. In further these alternatives will be periodically monitored and evaluated. The main consideration in this activity chain is a series of green economy concept that simultaneously pay attention to the economic social and environmental. The complexity of interaction between variables and system behavior on the condition dynamic of Sidoarjo mudflow underlies in choosing system dynamics method to solve these problems. According to the simulation results from five policy scenarios indicated that two scenarios such as the scenario of mangrove seedlings addition significantly influences to environmental aspects the scenario of increasing the fraction of agency cooperation significantly influences to economical and social aspects. Meanwhile the other scenarios such as scenario of increasing the fraction of seed stocks the fraction of allocation for education and fish prices of sylvofishery do not significantly give effect to green economy aspects. To overcome the trade-off of the selected scenarios so the scenario was sustainably combined of three aspects of green economy. The selected scenario combination is the optimistic scenario implementing improvements of the five policy scenarios and significantly affect to green economy aspects so that it is necessary to collaborate optimally between the scenarios.



KeywordsGreen Economy; Kebijakan; Lumpur Sidoarjo; Mangrove Berbasis Komunitas; System Dynamics
 
Subject:  Analisis sistem
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. Ir. Budisantoso Wirjodirdjo, M.Eng.
  2. Dr. Eng. Erwin Widodo, S.T., M.Eng.
Date Create: 01/08/2013
Type: Text
Format: PDF
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-25021140005403
Collection ID: 25021140005403
Call Number: RTI 003.85 Maf a


Source
Paper And Presentation of Industrial Engineering RTI 003.85 Maf a, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

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Copyright @2013 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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