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ITS » Paper and Presentation » S1 Teknik Sipil - Lintas Jalur
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 18/08/2015 17:28:33  •  1274 Views


IDENTIFIKASI DAN ANALISA RISIKO KECELAKAAN KERJA DENGAN METODE FMEA FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS DAN FTA FAULT TREE ANALYSIS DI PROYEK JALAN TOL SURABAYA MOJOKERTO

IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ANALYSIS OF WORK ACCIDENTS BY USING FMEA FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS AND FTAFAULT TREE ANALYSIS METHOD IN THE HIGHWAY SURABAYA-MOJOKERTO PROJECT

Author :
SINAGA, YESSI YOLANDA ( 3112105056 )




ABSTRAK

Pada kegiatan proyek konstruksi pembangunan fly over terjadi berbagai ketidakpastian yang akan menimbulkan suatu risiko yang dapat menghambat kelancaran proyek dan dapat mempengaruhi potensi kecelakaan kerja. Kecelakaan kerja yang terjadi serta ketidakdisiplinan merupakan beberapa faktor yang akan berdampak pada penurunan produktifitas tenaga kerja. Kecelakaan kerja akan menyebabkan keterlambatan kerja pengeluaran serta mengganggu konsentrasi para pekerja lainnya sehingga dapat mengurangi semangat kerja. Untuk mengurangi dampak yang merugikan dalam pencapaian tujuan fungsional suatu proyek maka diperlukan suatu sistem manajemen risiko K3 antara lain meliputi identifikasi analisa serta monitoring terhadap risiko yang mungkin dapat terjadi selama proses pelaksanaan pembangunan. Dalam penelitian ini akan dibahas mengenai penggabungan identifikasi dan analisis risiko dengan menggunakan metode FTA dan FMEA. Kedua metoda ini dipilih berdasarkan kelebihannya karena dapat menggabungkan penilaian kualitatif dan kuantitatif dalam mengidentifikasikan dan menganalisa risiko secara proaktif atau mencari bahaya sebelum bahaya tersebut menimbulkan akibat atau dampak yang merugikan. Metode FMEA digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi dan mencegah sebanyak mungkin mode kegagalan. Metode ini memprioritaskan penyelesaian berdasarkan probability severity tingkat keparahan dan bagaimana kegagalan dapat dengan mudah dideteksi sehingga dapat dilakukan identifikasi sumber penyebab untuk setiap kejadian yang paling dominan dalam proses pembangunan fly over di Jalan Tol Surabaya Mojokerto. Selanjutnya metode FTA digunakan untuk mencari sumber permasalahan basic events yang muncul dan diuraikan dari setiap indikasi kejadian puncak top event menggunakan Mocus. Proses identifikasi potensi mode kegagalan dilakukan berdasarkan survei wawancara langsung. Dari hasil penelitian ini teridentifikasi 55 variabel risiko yang terbagi dalam 4 jenis pekerjaan dengan 15 sub-item pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung di proyek. Tingkat kepentingan risiko atau risiko yang paling kritis terjadi pada pekerjaan jembatan girder up-structure sebesar 1265. Kemudian prioritas risiko dari pekerjaan jembatan girder upstructure ditindaklanjuti dengan menganalisis ulang sehingga prioritas utama yang perlu diidentifikasi sumber penyebabnya adalah erection girder. Adapun sumber penyebab risiko kecelakaan disebabkan oleh empat faktor yaitu faktor manusiaperilaku kerja karateristiklingkungan kerja peralatan dan bahan material dan metode kerja.


ABSTRACT

In the construction of the fly over project activity occurs uncertainties that would give rise a risk that can hamper the smooth running of the project and can affect the potential for accidents. Work accidents occur and indiscipline are several factors that will impact on the productivity of labor. Accidents at work will cause delays of work expense and distraction so that other workers can reduce morale. To reduce the adverse impact on the achievement of functional objectives of a project we need a risk management system among other things includes the identification analysis and monitoring of the risks that may occur during the implementation process of development. In this study will be discussed regarding the identification and incorporation of risk analysis using FTA and FMEA method. Both methods have been based on its advantages because it can combine qualitative and quantitative assessment in identifying and analyzing risks proactively look for danger before the danger or the consequences or adverse effects. FMEA method used to identify and prevent as much as possible modes of failure. This method is based on prioritizing the completion probability severity severity and how failure can be easily detected so that cause can be identified for each occurrence of the most dominant in the process of fly over in the highway construction Surabaya - Mojokerto. Furthermore the FTA method is used to find the source of the problem basic events that emerged and described any indication of peak incidence top event using Mocus. The process of identification of potential failure modes based on a survey conducted direct interviews. From the results of this research identified 55 risk variables were divided into 4 types of work with 15 sub-items ongoing work on the project. The level of risk or the interests of the most critical risk was occured in girder bridges occur upstructure of 12.65. Then the risk of job priority girder bridges up-structure followed by re-analyze so the main priority need identified was the source of the cause girder erection. The source of the cause of the risk of accidents caused by four factors namely human factors work habits characteristics work environment equipment and materials and methods of work.



KeywordsAnalisa risiko; Identifikasi; Jalan tol; Kecelakaan kerja; Metode FTA; Metode FMEA; Mocus; Prioritas Risiko
 
Subject:  Manajemen resiko
Contributor
  1. Cahyono Bintang N, ST., MT
  2. Trijoko Wahyu Adi, ST., MT., Ph. D
Date Create: 01/07/2014
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-31121150007515
Collection ID: 31121150007515
Call Number: RSS 658.155 Sin i


Source
Paper and Presentation of Civil Engineering, RSS 658.155 Sin i, 2015

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2015 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-paper-38421-3112105056-paper.pdf - 766 KB
  2.  ITS-paper-38421-3112105056-presentation.pdf - 1101 KB




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