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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Program Doktoral Arsitektur
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 17/12/2013 08:33:45  •  1259 Views


DINAMIKA RUANG PUBLIK EKSKLUSIF DAN INKLUSIF DI PERMUKIMAN MASYARAKAT MENENGAH KE BAWAH STUDI KASUS PERMUKIMAN PANAKKUKANG MAKASSAR

THE DYNAMICS EXCLUSIVE AND INCLUSIVE PUBLIC SPACE IN A MIDDLE LOWER CLASS SETTLEMENT. A CASE STUDY OF PANAKKUKANG SETTLEMENT MAKASSAR

Author :
ASRIANY, SHERLY ( 3206301001 )




ABSTRAK

Ruang publik merupakan salah satu elemen penting ruang kota dan menjadi kebutuhan bagi penduduk perkotaan. Ruang publik dapat berupa taman lapangan olahraga dan lain-lain. Seiring makin pesatnya perkembangan kota dan menguatnya kepentingan ekonomi eksistensi ruang publik di lingkungan permukiman terganggu karena luasan yang makin berkurang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk memahami dinamika ruang publik eksklusif dan inklusif serta mempelajari faktor internal dan eksternal yang berperan pada dinamika ruang publik di kawasan permukiman masyarakat menengah ke bawah. Ruang eksklusif adalah ruang yang digunakan oleh kelompok tertentu bersifat tertutup dan terbatas serta terletak di bagian dalam permukiman. Sedang ruang inklusif adalah ruang yang dapat diakses oleh siapapun bersifat terbuka dan terletak di sekitar kawasan atau berbatasan dengan kawasan lain di permukiman. Metoda penelitian yang digunakan adalah kombinasi antara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan pendekatan sosiologi tentang ruang sosial. Data primer diperoleh dari pengamatan terhadap perilaku pengguna ruang publik di lokasi penelitian. Analisa yang digunakan adalah analisa domain komponensial dan analisa proses tipo-morfologi untuk menemukan dan menjelaskan proses pembentukan ruang publik eksklusif dan inklusif. Penelitian menemukan bahwa karakteristik ruang eksklusif dan ruang inklusif pada ruang publik di permukiman masyarakat menengah ke bawah dipengaruhi oleh besaran dan bentuk ruang batas ruang dan zonasi ruang. Faktor budaya kebiasaan dan pengalaman seseorang juga turut mempengaruhi karakteristik ruang eksklusif dan inklusif. Sedang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi proses pembentukan ruang eksklusif dan inklusif adalah wadah dan isi ruang akibat adanya proses bordering clustering dan exclusion-inclusion. Kedinamikaan ruang publik eksklusif dan inklusif dipengaruhi oleh jenis kegiatan kelompok pengguna dan waktu yang membentuk pola tumpang tindih. Di samping itu faktor perilaku keruangan kepadatan ruang dan intensitas pemanfaatan ruang juga mempengaruhi kedinamikaan ruang. Dengan demikian ruang publik bukan sesuatu yang bersifat fisik spasial arsitektural saja namun mempunyai aspek sosial budaya ekonomi hukum dan sejenisnya.


ABSTRACT

Public space such as public park football field and others is an important element of urban space for the need of urban dwellers. However along with the rapid change in urban development and economic interests the existence of public space is in trouble it decreases both in term of amount and quality in the urban area. The aim of the study is to understand the dynamic of exclusive and inclusive public space which emerges in new settlement of middle lower income community. The study is conducted to investigate the role of internal and external factors played in the dynamic of public space. Exclusive space is space that is used only by specific group in certain settlement. On the other hand the inclusive space is an open space that can be accessed by all located around a settlement or as border to other settlement. The research method used was combination of qulitative and quantitative method applied for sociological approach for social space. Primary data was compiled from field study and observation to the behavior of the user when using the open space. Three types of analysis were used in order to understand and to explain the formation process of exclusive and inclusive public space. Those are domain analyses componential analyses and process analyses typomorphology. The finding reveals that the characterstics of exclusive and inclusive public space of the middle lower housing community are influenced by space dimension its form and space boundary as well as space zones. Included in the factors affecting are the dwellers culture custom and experience. The development of the exclusive and inclusive public space is affected by place and space content factors created by bordering clustering and exclusion-inclusion process. The dynamics of exclusive and inclusive public space mostly caused by the space users activities and time that created overlapping pattern. In addition the factors of spatial behavior space density the intensity of space use also affect the dynamic of space. Therefore public space is not only related to the characters of physical spatial architecture but also embraces the social culture economy law and other aspects of life. Keywords public open space exclusive-inclusive and a middle lower



KeywordsRuang Publik; Eksklusif-Inklusif dan Permukiman Masyarakat Menengah Ke bawah
 
Subject:  Perencanaan Kota
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. Johan Silas
  2. Ir. Ispurwono Soemarno, M.Arch., PhD
Date Create: 09/07/2012
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-32021130002930
Collection ID: 32021130002930
Call Number: RDA 711.558 Asr d


Source
Paper and Presentation of Architecure, RDA 711.558 Asr d, 2013

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2012 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-paper-32021130002930-28335.pdf




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