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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Perancangan Kota - S2
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 24/12/2014 22:22:38  •  1609 Views


RANCANGAN BENTUK DAN MASSA BANGUNAN BARU DI KORIDOR UTAMA KAWASAN KOTA LAMA SURABAYA DENGAN MEMPERTIMBANGKAN SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY

DESIGN OF FORM AND MASSING OF NEW BUILDINGS ALONG THE SURABAYA OLD DISTRICTS MAIN CORRIDORS WITH CONSIDERATION OF SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY

Author :
DANARDI, RADEN WINTON ( 3211203002 )




ABSTRAK

Sebagai sebuah kota yang memilik sejarah panjang dalam perkembangan Pulau Jawa maupun perkembangan Republik Indonesia Kota Surabaya memiliki kawasan yang menjadi titik tumbuh perkembangan kota yang dikenal dengan Kawasan Kota Lama Surabaya. Berlokasi di pinggiran Sungai Kalimas dan berkembang menjadi pusat perdagangan dan perkantoran pada masa kolonial Belanda. Kawasan ini memiliki beberapa koridor utama diantaranya Jalan Rajawali Hereenstraat Jalan Jembatan Merah Willemstraat dan Jalan Veteran Societeitstraat. Keadaan saat ini pada koridor-koridor tersebut masih banyak berdiri bangunan-bangunan bergaya arsitektur khas sebagai bukti fisik bahwa koridor tersebut pernah menjadi pusat perdagangan dan perkantoran pada masa kolonial. Sebagai bagian dari kota koridor-koridor ini juga terkena dampak pembangunan fisik dimana pembangunan bangunan-bangunan baru menghasilkan kesan visual yang tidak harmonis terhadap bangunan-bangunan lama yang kemudian menggerus citra dan karakter kawasan kota lama. Selain itu penelitian-penelitian sejenis belum ada yang mengaitkan aspek sosial dalam pembahasannya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang menggunakan paradigma naturalistik. Teknik yang diterapkan adalah single directional view dan character appraisal untuk mengidentifikasi dan merumuskan karakteristik serta menyimpulkan permasalahan bentuk dan massa bangunan di wilayah studi. Hasil yang didapat diolah lebih lanjut dengan mempertimbangkan hasil wawancara dengan menggunakan index card sebagai bagian untuk melibatkan pertimbangan social sustainability dalam penentuan kriteria desain bentuk dan massa bangunan baru. Lebih lanjut kriteria desain yang sudah disusun divisualisasikan menjadi konsep-konsep dan diaplikasikan sehingga menghasilkan arahan rancangan bentuk dan massa bangunan baru di koridor-koridor utama kawasan Kota Lama Surabaya. Hasil akhir yang didapat adalah tiga arahan rancangan bentuk dan massa bangunan baru yang diaplikasikan secara spesifik di wilayah studi. Arahan-arahan tersebut ditandai dengan skala yang tidak lebih dominan terhadap bangunan lama disekitarnya ketinggian bangunan setara dua lantai kemunduran bangunan 0 meter nilai KDB dan KLB yang sesuai dengan peraturan dan karakteristik bangunan lama sekitarnya nuansa warna putih atau krem pada tampang bangunan bentuk atap dan bentuk jendela yang disesuaikan dengan bangunan lama disekitarnya dan memakai pendekatan rancangan contextual uniformity atau contextual continuity.


ABSTRACT

As a city with a long history in the development process both of Java Island and Republic of Indonesia Surabaya has its own growing point. Today this area is known as The Surabaya Old District. Located on the riverside of Kalimas this district evolved as an office and trade centre during the Dutch colonial period. This old district has several main corridors including Rajawali Street Hereenstraat Jembatan Merah Street Willemstraat and Veteran Street Societeitstraat. Based on the current situation there are old buildings that have a distinctive architectural style as a proof of the existence of the office and trade centre in its history. As a part of the city of Surabaya this district has also been affected by physical development. New buildings that erected within this district is an obvious indicator. Many of them are generating the visual impression that is not in harmony with the old building surrounding. This condition leads to a degradation of old districts character. Furthermore other similar researches found have not included the social dimension within their analysis on this issue. This is a qualitative research using the naturalistic paradigm. At the first step single directional view technique and character appraisal were used to identify and formulate the characteristic and also to conclude the problems of building form and massing along the study area. Hereafter as the second step the results were processed further by considering the results of social sustainability data that were collected using index card to produce design criteria. The last step was converting design criteria into concepts and applying them into the design of new buildings form and massing along the Surabaya Old Districts corridor. The final results are three design guidelines that specifically applied along the study area. These guidelines formed new buildings that have such features such as the building scale is less dominant than surrounding old buildings consist of two stories set their building setback as zero meter set their Floor Area Ratio FAR and building coverage area as an adaptive value both to the established rules and the surrounding old buildings characteristics have shades of white and beige as the buildings dominant colour use contextual roof and window forms and the whole design applies contextual uniformity or contextual continuity as an approach.



Keywordsbentuk dan massa bangunan; kota lama Surabaya; social sustainability
 
Subject:  Perencanaan Kota
Contributor
  1. Prof. Ir. Endang Titi S BD, M. Arch, PhD
  2. DR. Ing. Ir. Bambang Soemardiono
Date Create: 09/01/2014
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-32121140006142
Collection ID: 32121140006142
Call Number: RTA 711.4 Dan r


Source
Paper and Presentation of Architecture, RTA 711.4 Dan r, 2014

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Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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