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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Pemukiman Kota dan Lingkungan - S2
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 15/12/2014 22:35:01  •  938 Views


AKULTURASI PADA PERMUKIMAN MASYARAKAT CINA STUDI KASUS KAWASAN PECINAN DI KOTA PEKALONGAN

ACCULTURATION IN CHINESE SETTLEMENT Case Study Chinese Quarter in Pekalongan

Author :
NASUTION, TANTI SATRIANA ROSARY ( 3211201005 )




ABSTRAK

Kawasan pecinan merupakan kawasan yang muncul akibat hubungan perdagangan dengan orang-orang Cina pada masa lampau yang kemudian menetap dan mendirikan permukiman. Pedagang-pedagang Cina tinggal di sekitar permukiman penduduk pribumi dan berinterkasi. Interaksi ini kemudian berlangsung dalam berbagai bentuk mulai dari sebatas berdagang hingga terjadinya hubungan pernikahan. Dari berbagai bentuk interaksi inilah kemudian terjadi akulturasi. Akulturasi ini terutama diwujudkan dalam produk-produk kebudayaan seperti seni bahasa perabot rumah tangga makanan hingga pakaian. Adanya bukti-bukti akulturasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari masyarakat etnis Cina membuka kemungkinan bahwa akulturasi juga terjadi dalam rumah yang mereka dirikan. Dengan melihat bahwa masyarakat etnis Cina tinggal berdampingan dengan masyarakat pribumi Arab hingga Eropa akulturasi ini seharusnya menjadi lebih kompleks dan muncul dalam berbagai bentuk. Dengan demikian sebagaimana yang dikatakan Rapoport keanekaragaman genetik di kawasan ini akan lebih tinggi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi proses akulturasi yang terjadi di kawasan ini sebagai pengaya teori-teori mengenai arsitektur yang ada di Indonesia. Pada penelitian ini metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif dengan paradigma naturalistik. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan melalui purposive sampling pada kawasan pecinan di Kota Pekalongan. Data yang terkumpul selanjutnya akan dikategorisasi lalu dianalisa secara kualitatif. Hasil analisa digunakan untuk membangun generalisasi naturalistik mengenai akulturasi yang terjadi di pecinan. Hasil akhir penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akulturasi yang terjadi pada rumah China di pecinan berpengaruh pada hierarki rumah dengan proses akulturasi yang terjadi adalah percampuran budaya cultural fusion. Proses ini ditunjukkan dengan hilangnya kebutuhan yang tinggi akan privasi karena penyederhanaan hierarki ruang namun perubahan ini justru memunculkan nilai baru yang penting pada bagian lain rumah.


ABSTRACT

Chinese quarter is a region that arouse from trade relations with the Chinese people in the past that was subsequently settled and established their settlements. Chinese merchants living around indigenous settlements and interact. This interaction then takes place in various forms ranging from trade to the extent to the marital relationship. From these various forms of interaction then acculturation occurs. Acculturation is mainly embodied in cultural products such as art language home furnishings food to clothing. Evidence of acculturation in the daily life of Chinese people opening up possibilities for acculturation to happen in the houses they built. With the view that Chinese communities living side by side with indigenous communities Arab to Europe acculturation is supposed to be more complex and comes in many forms. Thus the genetic diversity in this area is supposed to be higher. The study was conducted to identify the acculturation process that occurs in this region to enrich theories of architecture in Indonesia. This study uses qualitative research methods with the naturalistic paradigm. Sampling was done through purposive sampling in the area of Chinese quarter in the city of Pekalongan. The collected data was then categorized and analyzed qualitatively. Results of analysis are used to construct a naturalistic generalizations about patterns and processes of acculturation that occurred in Chinese quarter. The result of the research shows that the acculturation occurred in Chinese houses on the studied area bringing impact to spatial hierarchy of the house. The acculturation process happened in a cultural fusion shown by the decrease of needs for privacy because of spatial hierarchy simplification yet this change is actually emerging new important value to another part of the house.



Keywordsakulturasi; pecinan; Pekalongan
 
Subject:  Kebudayaan
Contributor
  1. Ir. M. Faqih, M. S. S., Ph. D
  2. Prof. Ir. Johan Silas
Date Create: 10/01/2014
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-32121140006145
Collection ID: 32121140006145
Call Number: RTA 303.482 410 598 Nas a


Source
Paper and Presentation of Architecture, RTA 303.482 410 598 Nas a, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-paper-32121140006145-34764.pdf




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