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ITS » Paper and Presentation » S2 Arsitektur - Perancangan Arsitektur
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 07/11/2014 22:27:16  •  902 Views


PERANCANGAN SEKOLAH LUAR BIASA KHUSUS ANAK TUNALARAS DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN PERILAKU

SPECIAL SCHOOL DESIGN FOR CHILDREN WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOR PROBLEM BY USING BEHAVIOR APPROACH

Author :
TUNGGODEWI, PUSPITA ( 3212207007 )




ABSTRAK

Anak tunalaras seringkali disebut sebagai anak yang nakal karena tingkah laku mereka yang seringkali tidak menuruti aturan yang berlaku. Anak tunalaras terbagi ke dalam 2 jenis yaitu anak aktif yang tidak dapat mengontrol emosi berlebih mereka serta anak pasif yang tidak mampu bersosialisasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan kriteria perancangan serta rancangan akhir Sekolah Luar Biasa yang dapat mendukung perkembangan emosi dan sosial anak tunalaras dengan mengedepankan aspek-aspek perilaku. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode program arsitektur melalui pengkerucutan beberapa masalah ke dalam misi goal performace requirement dan konsep. Penelitian ini memfokuskan kepada bentuk massa bangunan yang mempengaruhi pengawasan terhadap perilaku anak aktif desain koridor yang mempengaruhi ruang privasi anak pasif serta desain ruang kelas yang mempengaruhi perilaku anak saat belajar. Penelitian ini melakukan pendekatan perilaku masing-masing jenis anak tunalaras seperti anak pasif dan aktif terhadap desain bentuk massa koridor serta ruang kelas sehingga terdapat 3 alternatif desain yang merujuk kepada pengguna bangunan dominan aktif dominan pasif dan seimbang antara pasif dan aktif. Perancangan ini menemukan bahwa ada beberapa hal yang dapat membantu menyelesaikan masalah keaktifan yang dimiliki anak aktif serta rasa rendah diri dari anak pasif. Salah satu masalah tersebut diselesaikan melalui desain ruang kelas yang menghindari bidang menonjol dan ruang kosong untuk menekan emosi berlebih anak aktif serta pemilihan pola meja agar dapat memaksimalkan interaksi guru dan murid agar dapat melatih anak pasif untuk berani dan mandiri.


ABSTRACT

Children with emotional and behavior problem is referred as a naughty child because of their behavior who cant follow the rules. Children with emotional and behavior problem divided into 2 types active child who have a problem with their behavior and cant control their excessive emotion and passive child who are not able to socialize. The purpose of this study is to produce design criterias and final design of special school that can support the children about their emotional and behavior problem by using aspects of behavior. This study use architecture programming as a method by simplifying some problems to the missions goals performance requirements and concepts. The design focused on the form of the building mass which affect to control active chidrens behavior and passive childrens privacy and design of classroom that can affect the childrens self-confidence. The result of this study has three alternatives which refers to the dominant passive chlidren dominant active children and the balance between passive and active. The design offer some solution which can solve the children with emotional and behaviors problem of excessive emotion from active children and low self-esteem of passive children. One of the problems solved through classrooms design that avoid the prominent areas and space for active children to suppress their excessive emotion by arranging the order of the table in classroom to maximize the interaction of teachers and students in order to train children to be brave and have more self-confidence.



KeywordsPerancangan sekolah; Sekolah Luar Biasa; Tunalaras; pendekatan perilaku
 
Subject:  Taman kanak-kanak
Contributor
  1. DR. Eng. Ir. Dipl. Ing. Sri Nastiti N E, M.T
  2. Ir. Purwanita Setijanti, M. Sc., Ph. D
Date Create: 13/01/2014
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-32121140006147
Collection ID: 32121140006147
Call Number: RTA 727.1 Tun p


Source
Paper and Presentation of Architechture, RTA 727.1 Tun p, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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ITS-paper-32121140006147-33406.pdf




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