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ITS » Master Theses » Manajemen Operasional (S2)
Posted by aguss at 15/01/2010 13:18:17  •  4822 Views


FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN MENYEWA ALAT BERAT PADA PERUSAHAAN KONSTRUKSI DI SURABAYA

DECISION MAKING FACTORS TO LEASE HEAVY EQUIPMENT IN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY AT SURABAYA

Created by :
ISTIQLALIYAH, NIDA 



SubjectManajemen proyek
Alt. Subject PROJECT MANAGEMENT--DESIGN MAKING
Keywordpengambilan keputusan
sewa
alat berat
analisa faktor
kontraktor

Description:

Keberhasilan dalam sebuah proyek juga ditentukan oleh sumber daya peralatan. Keberadaan alat sebagai sarana utama untuk mendukung pelaksanaan proyek juga memegang peranan penting dalam penanganan proyek. Semakin bervariasinya jenis proyek yang dikerjakan, perusahaan dituntut untuk memperhatikan terhadap peningkatan dan pengelolaan sumber daya peralatan yang efisien dan produktif. Pengadaan alat berat pada suatu perusahaan konstruksi dapat diperoleh melalui pembelian maupun dengan sewa. Alternatif sewa dapat memberikan keuntungan bagi perusahaan, diantaranya perusahaan tidak perlu mengeluarkan sejumlah modal besar pada tahun pertama, fleksibilitas dari mekanisme sewa dan sebagainya. Alternatif menyewa atau membeli alat beart sangat dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor yang mungkin berbeda. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mepengaruhi dalam pengambilan keputusan untuk menyewa alat berat pada perusahaan konstruksi di Surabaya dan juga untuk mengetahui variabel apa saja yang membedakan perusahaan golongan besar dan golongan menengah dalam pengambilan keputusan. Variabel penelitian diperoleh dari studi pustaka dan survei pendahuluan yang selanjutnya divalidasi oleh responden yaitu pihak yang terlibat dalam pengambilan keputusan menyewa alat melalui wawancara dan kuisioner. Data hasil kuisioner dianalisa dengan menggunakan teknik analisa faktor untuk menginterpretasikan seluruh informasi dengan mereduksi menjadi beberapa faktor dan analisa diskriminan untuk mengerahui variabel yang membedakan perusahaan golongan besar dan golongan menengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang paling mempengaruhi perusahaan konstruksi untuk menyewa alat berat adalah faktor operasional (30.251 %) yaitu ketersediaan spare part, Kontinuitas masa sewa, ketersediaan SDM untuk operator dan maintenance, optimalisasi jam kerja alat dan Fleksibilitas dari masa sewa. Faktor kedua adalah faktor kelayakan investasi (10.941 %), faktor ketiga adalah faktor modal (7.720 %). Sedangkan variabel yang membedakan dari perusahaan golongan besar dan golongan menengah dalam pengambilankeputusan menyewa alat berat adalah NPV, Pajak dan Ukuran Proyek. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat berguna bagi perusahaan konstruksi untuk kebijaksanaan dalam pengambilan keputusan untuk pengelolaan sumber daya alat konstruksi, serta bagi pemilik alat dapat meningkatkan pelayanan dalam menyewakan peralatan sebagai penunjang peningkatan usaha


Alt. Description

The successful of any project is determined on equipment resources. The equipments are also the main instrument to maintain and to manage the project. Supervising various projects, a company has to be more concern about the improvement and the management of equipment give in a more effective and productive way. The contribution of the equipment in the project can be fulfilled by buying and leasing activities. With leasing activities, a company does not have to spend a lot of investment by their first year, as an advantage. Moreover, leasing also have a flexible mechanism. A decision to buy or lease heavy equipment is influenced by various factors. This study aims to identify factors to lease heavy equipment in Construction Companies at Surabaya and to analyze variables that distinguish intermediate and big companies. The study’s variable delivered from literatures review and an initial survey which is subsequently validated by respondents. The respondents are person who is involved in decision making to lease a heavy equipment. The results is analyzed using factor analysis technique and discriminate analysis. Factor analysis technique is used to interpret the whole information by reduces them into some factors. Whereas the discriminate analysis technique aim to identify the discriminate variables of intermediate companies from big companies. The results indicated that the most significant factor in leasing heavy equipment was operational factors (30.251%) which is the spare part supply, lease period continuity, human resources for operator and maintenance, equipment work time optimization and lease period flexibility. The second factor was investment appropriate (10.941%) and the third was funding factor (7.720%). Afterwards, variables which distinguishes the intermediate companies and big companies in leasing heavy equipment is NPV, taxes and scope of the project. This study is expected to be consequential for construction companies, in decision making policy of heavy equipment resources management, and also to the owner of heavy equipment, by improving equipment lease services to enhance their business.

Contributor:
  1. Supani, ST., MT.
    Ir. Sri Pingit Wulandari, MSi.
Date Create:15/01/2010
Type:Text
Format:pdf
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Master-3100007029605
Collection ID:3100007029605
Call Number:RTS 658.404 Ist f


Source :
Master Theses, Civil Engineering, RTS 658.404 Ist f, 2007

Coverage :
ITS Community Only

Rights :
Copyright @2009 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/faktorfaktor-yang-mempengaruhi-dalampengambilan-keputusan-menyewa-alat-beratpada-perusahaan-konstruksi-di-surabaya-7963.html




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