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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Lingkungan S1
Posted by system at 24/05/2010 13:59:57  •  2196 Views


EKO-BRIKET DARI KOMPOSIT SAMPAH PLASTIK HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HDPE DAN ARANG SAMPAH KEBUN

ECO-BRIQUETTE FROM COMPOSITE HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HDPE AND YARD WASTE CHARCOAL

Author :
ANGGRAINI, RATNA SRISATYA ( 3305100053 )




ABSTRAK

Tingginya nilai kalor sampah plastik HDPE serta melimpahnya jumlah sampah kebun dimanfaatkan bersama sebagai sumber energi alternatif baru pengganti energi fosil berupa eko-briket. Eko-briket ini dibuat dengan menggunakan teknik karbonisasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan pengaruh komposit eko-briket yang dibuat dari campuran sampah plastik HDPE SP dan arang sampah kebun SK terhadap nilai kalor yang dihasilkan menentukan karakteristik eko-briket menentukan jenis bahan perekat yang terbaik serta menentukan biaya pembuatan eko-briket tersebut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa eko-briket terbaik adalah eko-briket dengan komposisi 10 SP90 SK dengan jenis perekat kanji. Nilai kalor yang mampu dihasilkan adalah sebesar 5.46973 kalg yang mana nilai ini telah melebihi standar minimal kualitas briket bio-batubara. Selain itu nilai kalor eko-briket ini masih lebih unggul daripada nilai kalor kayu bakar. Hasil uji kadar air kadar volatile solids kadar abu kadar fixed carbon titik nyala dan kuat tekan produk eko-briket ini berturut-turut adalah sebesar 096 5826 3728 350 10500730C dan 143 kgcm2. Semua karakteristik tersebut memenuhi standar minimal kualitas briket bio-batubara kecuali kadar abu dan nilai kuat tekan. Oleh karena itu eko-briket hasil penelitian ini belum dapat dikatakan sebagai briket. Jenis bahan perekat yang terbaik untuk merekatkan eko-briket ini adalah kanji sebab air yang terkandung dalam perekat ini lebih mudah menguap sehingga dapat meningkatkan nilai kalornya. Biaya pembuatan eko-briket tiap kkal-nya masih lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan harga minyak tanah subsidi. Namun penggunaan eko-briket sebagai bahan bakar dapat mengurangi jumlah timbulan sampah sehingga eko-briket ini merupakan sumber energi alternatif yang ramah lingkungan. Kata kunci eko-briket energi alternatif ramah lingkungan sampah plastik HDPE arang sampah kebun


ABSTRACT

The high generation rates of High Density Polyethylene HDPE plastic waste and yard waste reflect their potential to be used as raw materials for a new alternative energy source which can substitute fossil energy in the form of eco-briquette. The eco-briquette was made by using carbonized yard waste. The aims of this study were 1 to determine the influence of the eco-briquette composition that was made from HDPE plastic waste PW and yard waste charcoal WC to its calorific value 2 to characterize the eco-briquette product 3 to determine the best adhesive material for eco-briquette preparation and 4 to determine the cost for eco-briquette production. Results of the study showed that the best quality of eco-briquette was that of with a composition of 10 PW 90 WC with starch adhesive. The calorific value of this eco-briquette was 5.46973 calg. This value was higher than the minimum standards of bio-coal-briquette. Moreover the calorific value of this eco-briquette was higher than that of fire-wood. The values of moisture volatile solids ash fixed carbon flash point and compressive strength of the eco-briquettes were 0.96 58.26 37.28 3.50 105.00 730C and 1.43 kgcm2 respectively. These characteristics met the minimum standard quality of bio-coal-briquette except for ash content and compressive strength. Therefore this eco-briquette could not be classified as a briquette. The best adhesive used for composing the briquette was cassava starch since the water of the produced briquette could be vaporized easily. It resulted in the high level of calorific value of the starch adhesive. However the cost for producing the eco-briquette was higher than the price of the subsidized kerosene. Nevertheless the use of eco-briquette as fuel could reduce the municipal solid waste generation. Thus this eco-briquette could be considered as a source of energy alternative which is environmentally friendly. Key words eco-briquette environmentally friendly energy alternative HDPE plastic waste yard waste charcoal



KeywordsEko-Briket; Komposit Sampah Plastik High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) ; Arang sampah Kebun
 
Subject:  Batu bata
Contributor
  1. Prof. DR. YULINAH TRIHADININGRUM, MAppSc
Date Create: 08/02/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100010038448
Collection ID: 3100010038448
Call Number: RSL 662.6 Aug e


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, Environment Engineering, RSL 662.6 Aug e, 2010

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-10096-Abstract_id.pdf - 15 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-10096-Abstract_en.pdf - 15 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-10096-Paper.pdf - 180 KB




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