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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Kimia D3
Posted by 070517802 at 31/07/2008 10:23:13  •  9722 Views


PENGAMBILAN MINYAK ATSIRI DARI BIJI PALA (MYRISTICA FRAGRANS) DENGAN PROSES DESTILASI UAP

TAKING OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM NUTMEG SEED (Myristica Fragrans) WITH STEAM DISTILLATION PROCESS

Created by :
ROCHMAN, AINUR 



SubjectMinyak atsiri
Keywordminyak atsiri pala
destilasi uap

Description:

Tujuan dari pengambilan minyak atsiri dari biji pala dengan metode destilasi uap adalah untuk membuat neraca massa dan energi pada pengambilan minyak atsiri dengan proses destilasi uap. Percobaan dilakukan dengan 3 proses yaitu proses awal, proses penyulingan dan proses pasca penyulingan. Proses awal adalah mengambil biji pala, memotong biji pala 1 cm dan menumbuk secara acak dengan ukuran kurang dari 1 cm, dijemur dan diangin – anginkan ditempat yang teduh. Proses penyulingan adalah mempersiapkan alat penyulingan terlebih dahulu, memasukkan air (sebanyak 14 L) dalam boiler (ketel uap) dan biji pala (sebanyak 1 kg) dalam ketel suling. Mengalirkan air di kondensor. Menyalakan pemanas dengan nyala konstan. Mengoperasikan cooling tower. Mengamati temperatur pada boiler (122oC) dan pada tangki penyuling (120oC). Pada saat penyulingan, air yang ada dalam kondensor didistribusikan ke cooling tower, kemudian air pendingin tersebut dialirkan ke bak penampung untuk didistribusikan ke. Mengamati suhu yag keluar dan masuk bak kondensor. Mengeluarkan kondensat tiap 2 jam sekali pada tangki penyuling, mengambil destilat setelah delapan jam dari keadaan steady state untuk dilakukan make-up water. Setelah make-up water, proses penyulingan dilanjutkan kembali selama 4 jam. Proses pasca penyulingan adalah memisahkan. Kesimpulan dari percobaan ini adalah jumlah minyak pala paling banyak didapat pada waktu penyulingan dengan variable tumbuk acak dengan menggunakan distributor type spray ( 70 ml). Jumlah rendemen minyak pala rata-rata 6,95575%. Minyak pala yang dihasilkan memiliki :Densitas: 0,9021 kg/liter; Angka asam 2,85; Bilangan ester: 14,025; Indeks bias 1,475 brix; Kadar air biji pala 13%.


Alt. Description

Intention of intake of oil of atsiri from seed of nutmeg with method of destilasi condense is to make balance of mass and energi at intake of oil of atsiri with process of destilasi condense. Attempt done/conducted by 3 process that is process early, process of distillation and process pasca distillation. Process early take nutmeg seed, cutting seed of nutmeg 1 cm and box at random of the size less than 1 cm, put to the sun and the wind - aerating calm in place. Process distillation is draw up appliance of distillation beforehand, including water as much 14 L, in boiler/steaming kettle and the nutmeg seed as much 1 singk in boiler refine. Conducting water in liquefier. Fire heater aglow is constant. Operating cooling tower. Perceiving temperature at boiler 122oC and at distiller tank 120oC. At the time of distillation, existing water in liquefier distributed to cooling tower, later;then irrigate the cooler poured into by a receptacle to be distributed to. Perceiving temperature of yag go out and enter liquefier basin. Releasing kondensat of every 2 clock once at distiller tank, taking destilat after eight clock from circumstance of steady state to be done/conducted by make-up water. After make-up water, process distillation re-continued during 4 clock. Process pasca of distillation is dissociate. Conclusion from this attempt is amount of oil of nutmeg at most got when distillation by variable box random by using distributor of type spray 70 ml. Sum up rendemen of oil of nutmeg of mean 6,95575%. oil of Nutmeg yielded own : Densitas: 0,9021 kg/liter; Sour number 2,85; Ester number: 14,025; Refractive index 1,475 brix; Rate irrigate seed of nutmeg 13

Contributor:
  1. Ir. BUDI SETIAWAN, MT
Date Create:31/07/2008
Type:Text
Format:pdf
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Undergraduate-RSK 661.806 Roc p
Collection ID:RSK 661.806 Roc p
Call Number:RSK 661.806 Roc p


Source :
Undegraduate Theses, chemical Engineering, RSK 661.806 Roc p, 2007.

Coverage :
ITS Community Only

Rights :
Copyright @2007 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/pengambilan-minyak-atsiri-dari-biji-palamyristica-fragrans-dengan-prosesdestilasi-uap-1891.html




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atsiri , destilasi , destilasi uap , minyak , minyak atsiri pala , pala , uap



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