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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Kimia D3
Posted by 070517802 at 31/07/2008 11:31:29  •  8012 Views


PENGAMBILAN MINYAK ATSIRI DARI KULIT KAYU MANIS (CINNAMOMUM BURMANII) DENGAN PROSES DESTILASI UAP

TAKING OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM CINNAMOMUM BURMANII BARKS WITH STEAM DESTILLATION PROCESS

Created by :
PUSPITANINGTIAS, INDAH RATRI  



SubjectMinyak atsiri
KeywordCinnamomum burmanii
destilasi uap

Description:

Tujuan percobaan destilasi uap ini adalah untuk mengetahui perhitungan neraca massa dan energi pada pengambilan minyak kulit kayu manis (Cinnamomum burmanii) dan mengetahui kadar minyak yang terdapat pada kulit kayu manis (Cinnamomum burmanii) Metodologi penelitian ini meliputi 2 tahap, yaitu Tahap persiapan meliputi : memotong kulit kayu manis, mengambil air untuk proses destilasi pada ketel uap, menyiapkan peralatan kondensor, ketel suling dan peralatan lain untuk destilasi .Tahap percobaan, meliputi : memasukkan air dalam ketel uap dan memasang tray pada ketel destilasi, memasukkan kayu manis yang telah dihancurkan ke dalam tray, menyalakan kompor gas untuk memanaskan ketel uap, menyalakan pompa air untuk pendingin kondensor, meletakkan decanter (alat pemisah minyak) di bawah kondensor (tempat perubahan fase dari uap menjadi fluida). Mencatat suhu masing-masing proses. Distilat yang tertampung pada bak penampung berupa minyak dan air. Memisahkan minyak kulit kayu manis dengan air menggunakan corong pemisah sehingga terdapat 2 lapisan, lapisan atas: minyak kayu manis dan lapisan bawah: air. Mencatat volume akhir minyak dan air setelah dipisah dengan decanter. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan: Semakin lama waktu destilasi jumlah rendemen minyak yang diperoleh semakin banyak. Semakin kecil ukuran bahan yang akan didestilasi jumlah rendemen minyak yang dihasilkan semakin banyak. Minyak kulit kayu manis terbanyak didapat pada waktu 8 jam, dengan ukuran bahan >50 mesh dan kapasitas bahan 800 gram. Jumlah minyak kulit kayu manis yang dihasilkan selama 8 jam percobaan, dengan ukuran bahan >50 mesh dan pada kapasitas bahan 800 gram adalah 8 ml. Minyak kayu manis yang dihasilkan memiliki :densitas :0,899 gr/cm3 angka asam :2,8; kadar air :1,976 %; kadar minyak :1 %


Alt. Description

The purposes from the experiment of steam distillation are calculate mass balance and heat balance in take of Cinnamomum burmanii bark oil and to know the percentage oil on the Cinnamomum burmanii bark. This Research methodologies cover 2 phase, that is preparation Phase cover : cutting Cinnamomum burmanii bark, taking water to process the destilasi to steaming kettle, preparing liquefier equipments, boiler refine and other;dissimilar equipments for the destilasi of . Attempt phase, covering : including water in steaming kettle and install the tray to boiler destilasi, including Cinnamomum burmanii which have been broken into tray, fire the gas burner to heat the steaming kettle, fire the water pump for the cooler of liquefier, placing decanter ( appliance of oil winnow) below/under liquefier ( place phase change from vapour become the fluid). Nothing temperature of each process. Distilat accomodated receptacle in the form of grease and water. Dissociating Cinnamomum burmanii bark oil with the water use the winnow funnel so that there are 2 coat, flake: oil of cinnamon and substratum: irrigate. Nothing final volume of grease and water after disjointed by decanter. The conclution from the research result are: Longer time destilasi sum up the rendemen oil obtained. Smaller size measure of substance to destillation sum up the rendemen oil yielded. Cinnammon bark oil a lot of get when 8 hour, of the size substance > 50 mesh and substance capacities 800 gram. Sum up the oil of beloved bark yielded during 8 attempt hour, of the size substance > 50 mesh and the substance capacities 800 gram is 8 ml. Oil of cinnamon yielded own the : densitas : 0,899 gr /cm3 acid number : 2,8;water containt : 1,976 %; oil contain : 1%

Contributor:
  1. Ir. Agus Surono
Date Create:31/07/2008
Type:Text
Format:pdf
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Undergraduate-RSK 661.806 Pus p
Collection ID:RSK 661.806 Pus p
Call Number:RSK 661.806 Pus p


Source :
Undegraduate Theses, chemical Engineering, RSK 661.806 Pus p, 2007.

Coverage :
ITS Community Only

Rights :
Copyright @2007 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/pengambilan-minyak-atsiri-dari-kulitkayu-manis-cinnamomum-burmanii-denganproses-destilasi-uap-1895.html




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