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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Mesin
Posted by aguss at 05/01/2009 15:47:47  •  24627 Views


PERANCANGAN ELEMEN MESIN DAN TRANSMISI PEMINDAH DAYA PADA TURBIN MIKROHIDRO JENIS TURBIN TUBULAR

DESIGNING MACHINE ELEMENTS AND ENERGY TRANSFER TRANSMISSION AT MICROHYDRO TURBINE FOR TUBULAR TURBINE

Author :
PRASETIYO, KURNIAWAN 




ABSTRAK

Pemikiran untuk merancang turbin mikrohidro muncul ketika melihat di daerah pedesaan yang sebenarnya memiliki potensi tenaga air mikro belum mendapatkan supply aliran listrik dari Pembangkit Listrik Negara PLN. Perancangan ini sifatnya sangat awal yaitu untuk merancang elemen mesin dan instalasinya dalam skala percobaan yang dapat dikembangkan secara terus-menerus menjadi suatu rancangan yang hasilnya handal untuk diaplikasikan di lapangan. Perancangan bagian-bagian turbin dan tranmisi daya meliputi analisa kekuatan sudu perancangan poros belt pulley bantalan pasak tranmisi daya dan kopling. Data awal perancangan ini adalah gaya lift yang dihasilkan oleh runner turbin serta dimensi dari runner turbin itu sendiri. Dari gaya lift tersebut telah digunakan untuk menentukan bahanmaterial dari runner serta untuk menghitung besarnya torsi yang dihasilkan oleh runner. Torsi dari runner inilah yang digunakan sebagai data inputan untuk perancangan komponen turbin yang lain. Dari hasil perhitungan yang telah dilakukan pada kondisi kerja turbin tubular dengan head 15 meter debit 095 m3s diperoleh dimensi dan material dari komponen-komponen turbin serta jenis transmisi daya yang digunakan. Hasil perancangan ini merupakan perancangan tahap awal yang dapat dikembangkan menjadi suatu turbin mikrohidro yang siap untuk diaplikasikan di daerah pedesaan yang mempunyai potensi tenaga air mikrohidro.


ABSTRACT

The idea to design a microhydro turbine appears when it was realized many villages actually have water fall energy but The Electrical Power Company PLN is not available. This design is specialised for designing machine elements and installation on attempt scale that can be developed continuously become a device which result rely on for applicated in field. On designing parts of turbine and power transmission contain of analyze of runner strength design of shaft belt pulley bearing key power transmission and couplings. Initial data on this design is lift force that are generated by turbine runner and dimension of runner its self. Lift force soon also used to determine material of turbine runner and also to analyse the value of torque that is generated by runner. Torque from runner is input data for designing other turbines parts. From the analyse had been done for the working point head 15 meters flow rate 095 m3s resulted the dimensions and materials of turbines parts and the type of power transmission which is used. This design is an initial step in developing micro hydro turbine which will be applied in the villages which have the water fall energy.



Keywordsturbin tubular, elemen mesin, transmisi daya
 
Subject:  Permesinan, model
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. Ir. I Made Arya Djoni, M.Sc.
Date Create: 05/01/2009
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100008031631
Collection ID: 3100008031631
Call Number: RSM 621.815 Pra p


Source
Undergraduate Theses, Mechanical Engineering, RSM 621.815 Pra p, 2008

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ITS-Undergraduate-3100008031631-3311.pdf




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