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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Mesin Ekstensi - S1
Posted by aguss at 16/12/2009 10:23:45  •  3264 Views


PERANCANGAN HEAT RECOVERY STEAM GENERATION MEMANFAATKAN ENERGI PANAS DARI GAS BUANG MESIN DIESEL PLTD KENDARI UNTUK MENGHASILKAN UAP PANAS YANG DIBUTUHKAN DESALINATION PLANT DENGAN KAPASITAS 50 TON PERHARI

DESIGN ENGINEERING OF HEAT RECOVERY STEAM GENERATION WITH EXPLOITING FLUE GAS FROM PLTD KENDARIíS DIESEL TO PRODUCE STEAM WHICH REQUIRED BY DESALINATION PLANT WITH CAPACITIES 50 TON PERDAY

Created by :
ALROSJID, RIZKI CANDRA 



SubjectEnergi panas
Mesin diesel
Alt. Subject HEAT RECOVERY
KeywordHeat exchanger
heat recovery
economiser
evaporator
superheater

Description:

PLTD Kendari mempunyai daya total sebesar 14,5 MWatt. Gas buang mesin diesel dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber energi panas heat recovery steam generation (HRSG), steam hasil dari HRSG tersebut digunakan untuk kebutuhan proses desalinasi air laut (desalination plant). Heat recovery steam generation terdiri dari tiga tingkat pemanasan yaitu di Economizer (pemanas awal), evaporator (pemanas tingkat dua), superheater (pemanas akhir). Sedangkan kondisi tekanan didalam Heat Recovery terjadi pada 1 tingkat keadaan tekanan. Tipe dari HRSG yang direncanakan adalah vertical heat recovery steam generation atau force circulation heat recovery dimana aliran gas buang adalah vertical. Dalam prosesnya tipe ini membutuhkan pompa sirkulasi. Sedangkan tipe susunan buluh adalah staggered tanpa mengguakan fin. Dari proses perhitungan perancangan heat recovery steam generation didapatkan dimensi dari economiser,evaporator dan superheater dengan panjang 3,515m lebar 1,429m Tinggi 8,33m dan material yang dipilih adalah AISI 316 pemlihan material aman untuk kondisi beban maksimum PLTD Kendari. Produksi steam yang dihasilkan oleh heat recovery pada kondisi beban rendah sebesar 9,6 kg/s, beban sedang 10,8 kg/s dan beban maksimum sebesar 12 kg/s sehingga heat recovery mampu mensupply kebutuhan steam unit desalination plant Untuk bisa menghasilkan air suling sebanyak 50 ton / hari.


Alt. Description

PLTD Kendari have total energy equal to 14,5 MWATT. Gas throw away diesel engine exploited as source flue gas of heat recovery steam generation ( HRSG), steam result of from the HRSG used for the requirement process of desalinasi sea water (desalination plant). Heat recovery steam generation consist of three warm-up ;level that is an Economizer ( heater early), evaporator ( heater stage two), superheater ( final heater). While condition of pressure in Heat Recovery happened at one level situation of pressure. Type of HRSG the planned is vertical Heat recovery steam generation or force circulation Heat recovery steam generation where gas stream throw away is vertical. In course of this type require pump sirkulasi. While reed formation type is staggered without cave of fin. Process calculation design enginnering of got by dimension an economiser, evaporator and superheater with length 3,515m wide 1,429m High 8,33m and material the selected is AISI 316. The material is safety for the maximum load condition of PLTD Kendari. Produce steam yielded by heat recovery at condition of minimum load equal to 9,6 kg / s, middle load equal to 10,2 kg/s, and maximum load equal to 12 kg/s. So that heat recovery can support requirement steam of desalination plant, To be able to produce fresh water about 50 ton / day.

Contributor:
  1. Ir. ATOK SETIYAWAN, M.Eng.Sc.
Date Create:16/12/2009
Type:Text
Format:pdf
Language:Indonesian
Identifier:ITS-Undergraduate-3100007029449
Collection ID:3100007029449
Call Number:RSM 621.402 Alr p


Source :
Undergraduate Theses, Mechanical Engineering, RSM 621.402 Alr p, 2007

Coverage :
ITS Community Only

Rights :
Copyright @2009 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library


Publication URL :
http://digilib.its.ac.id/perancangan-heat-recovery-steam-generation-memanfaatkan-energi-panas-dari-gas-buang-mesin-diesel-pltd-kendari-untuk-menghasilkan-uap-panas-yang-dibutuhkan-desalination-plant-dengan-kapasitas-50-ton-perhari-6204.html




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