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ITS » Master Theses » Arsitektur Lingkungan - S2
Posted by anis at 07/01/2010 16:56:24  •  4818 Views


STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI DALAM PENGELOLAAN JARINGAN IRIGASI STUDI KASUS DAERAH IRIGASI SUBONTORO KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO

STRATEGY OF PARTICIPATION IMPROVEMENT IN MANAGING IRRIGATION NET Case Study in Area of Subontoro Irrigation Mojokerto Region

Author :
Herawatty, Ratna 




ABSTRAK

Adanya perubahan wawasan dan orientasi pembangunan yang lebih menekankan pada pembangunan kemanusiaan dan terbatasnya anggaran Pemerintah serta besarnya dana pengelolaan jaringan irigasi setelah pasca konstruksi menyebabkan dibutuhkannya peran modal sosial dari masyarakat petani pemakai air untuk ikut berpartisipasi secara aktif sebagai pemanfaat langsung dari jaringan irigasi. Berdasar fenomena di atas pemecahan masalah pengelolaan jaringan irigasi tidak hanya melibatkan masalah teknis semata tetapi juga perlu meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat. Demikian halnya dengan partisipasi masyarakat di daerah irigasi Subontoro Kabupaten Mojokerto perlu ditingkatkan sehubungan dengan kondisi jaringan irigasi pada saat ini sedang mengalami penurunan fungsinya dimana salah satu penyebabnya adalah kurang optimalnya partisipasi masyarakat. Jika penurunan fungsi tersebut tidak segera mendapat penanganan serius akan berdampak pada menurunnya produktivitas usaha tani dan dan ketahanan pangan Nasional. Bertitik tolak dari hal di atas diperlukan strategi peningkatan partisipasi masyarakat namun sebelumnya peneliti perlu mengetahui tingkat partisipasi masyarakat yang selama ini belum teridentifikasi berdasar teori Arnstein. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data purposive sampling dengan sampel diperoleh dari pertimbangan expert. Sedangkan teknik analisa menggunakan Analytical Hierarchy Process untuk mengidentitikasi tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dan pendekatan empiris untuk merumuskan strategi peningkatan partisipasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa strategi mempertahankan kontrol masyarakat dalam pengelolaan jaringan irigasi tersier dengan melakukan sosialisasi tata cara berorganisasi dan mengembangkan kegiatan ekonomi produktif melalui HIPPA. Sedangkan dalam pengelolaan jaringan irigasi primer dan sekunder diperlukan strategi peningkatan partisipasi dengan melakukan pemberdayaan dan pendampingan secara berkesinambungan serta penyusunan pedoman teknis tentang tata cara berpartisipasi bagi semua pengelola jaringan irigasi.


ABSTRACT

Changing in perspective and orientation of development which emphasize on humanity and the limitation of government budget and a lot of irrigation network managerial cost after construct causes the need of social participation of the peasants as direct user of the irrigation net. Base on phenomena above the irrigation network management problem solving not only involving the technical matter but also the need of increasing public participation. Furthermore the public participation of Subontoro area in Mojokerto region need to be increased deal to condition of net irrigation currently decreasing on function which is caused by the less of public participation. If the function decrease isnt managed fast and seriously will cause decreasing of peasants productivity and national food sustainability. Begin at the matter above it is needed improvement strategy of public participation however firstly researcher need to know level of public participation which nowadays not being identified base on Arnstein theory. This research uses data collecting techniques of purposive sampling and expert consideration for sample choices. Meanwhile the analytical technique uses Analytical Hierarchy Process to identify the level of public participation and empirical approach to formulate strategy of participation increasing. Outcome of this research is strategy to defend public control in managing tertiary irrigation net with performing socialization of organization pattern and developing economical productive activity through HIPPA. Meanwhile in managing primary and secondary irrigation net is needed strategy of participation improvement with doing empowerment and guidance continually and composing technical manual of participation pattern for all managers of irrigation net.



KeywordsPengelolaan Jaringan Irigasi ; Partisipasi
 
Subject:  Irigasi
Contributor
  1. Ir. Heru Purwadio, MSP
    Ir. Sri Amiranti, MS
Date Create: 07/01/2010
Type: Text
Format: pdf.
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100006027867
Collection ID: 3100006027867
Call Number: RTA 627.520 288 Her s


Source
Master Theses, Architecture Engineering, RTA 627.520 288 Her s, 2006

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Copyright @2006 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrievel system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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