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ITS » Master Theses » Pemukiman Kota dan Lingkungan - S2
Posted by jono at 22/12/2006 14:04:51  •  17228 Views


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Motivasi dari fenomena perubahan rumah tradisional merupakan wujud berbagai macam kepentingan penghuni rumah. Salah satu kepentingan tersebut adalah peningkatan kesejahteraan hidup. Untuk itu, penghuni melihat rumah bukan lagi sekedar tempat ringgal, lebih dari itu rumah juga berperan memberi nilai ekonomi rumah tangga. Rumah juga dipandang sebagai modal usaha untuk meningkatkan pendapatan penghuni dan kesejahteraannya. Perkembangan lingkungan Sade dan Rembitan sebagai dampak perkembangan lingkungan pariwisata budaya, memberikan kesempatan pada kaum perempuan untuk berpartisipasi meningkatkan pendapatan keluarga. Sebagai perempuan tradisional yang mempunyai peran terbatas, yaitu hanya pada rumah, maka aktivitas usaha tersebut tentu sangat berpengaruh terhadap perubahan spasial huniannya, yaitu dengan merubah, dan mengurangi fungsi domestiknya. Tujuan mengetahui hubungan antara usaha ekonomi yang dilakukan kaum perempuan Sasak Rembitan dan Sade di rumah terhadap fisik huniannya, adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh aktivitas usaha ekonomi tersebut dalam membentuk perbedaan presepsi pertimbangan kaum perempuan terhadap aspek pembangunan dan pengembangan hunian, kemudian pengaruh terhadap perubahan spasial huniannya, serta perubahan fungsi domestik rumah yang berkaitan dengan perkembangan aktivitas ekonomi serta peran domestik kaum perempuan. Untuk mengkaji hubungan antara aktivitas usaha ekonomi di rumah terhadap perubahan spasial yang terjadi, maka dilakukan metoda penelitian kualitatif untuk melihat fenomena yang terjadi. Sebagaimana penelitian kualitatif, maka dilakukan analisa diskriptif dan diperkuat oleh hasil analisa dengan alat uji statistik inverensial uji beda dua sampel independen, untuk melihat pengaruh aktivitas ekonomi dalam pertimbangan pembangunan dan pengembangan rumah antara kaum perempuan yang berpartisipasi dalam ekonomi rumah tangga dengan yang tidak. Hasil yang diharapkan dari proses analisa adalah signifikansi perbedaan pertimbangan kaum perempuan terhadap aspek-aspek pembangunan dan pengembangan hunian. Dari perbedaan tersebut akan dilanjutkan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perubahan ruang yang terjadi setelah adanya usaha ekonomi. Perubahan ini dikaitkan juga dengan perubahan yang terjadi pada peran kaum perempuan dalam konsep adat lokal. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi rekomendasi bagi penelitian ilmiah lebih lanjut tentang hubungan antara peran kaum perempuan dan hunian, terutama untuk mengkaji peran dan posisi kaum perempuan dalam pembangunan perumahan dan permukiman, baik dari sisi sosiologj, ekonomi dan budaya. Terkait dengan program pengembangan permukiman, sangat diharapkan hasil penelitian dapat dilanjutkan dengan program nyata dan aplikatif pemberdayaan perempuan, terutama di lokasi penelitian, dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan perumahan dan permukiman.


The motivation of traditional house change phenomena constitutes realization of various occupants' interests. One of the interests is the escalation of family's prosperity. Therefore, occupants think the house not only functions as a residence but also has a role to give domestic economic value. The house is also considered as the business capital to increase the occupants' income and prosperity. The development of Sade's and Rembitan's environment as the impact of the development of cultural tourist environment gives opportunities to womenfolk to participate in increasing family's income. As traditional women having restricted roles that are only applied in their house, the business activities very influence the occupied house changes that can be done by changing and increasing its domestic functions. By evaluating the relationship between the economic business done by Sasak Rembitan's and Sade's womenfolk in their house towards the physical houses, this study endeavors to find out the effect of those economic business activities in forming the perception differences of womenfolk's consideration towards the construction and the development of their occupied houses, to find out the effect towards the spatial changes of their occupied houses, and towards the changes of the house domestic functions related to economic activity development and the womenfolk's domestic roles. In order to evaluate the relationship between the economic business activities in the houses towards the spatial changes that occur, this study employs qualitative research method to see the phenomena. In this qualitative research, descriptive analysis is conducted and it is supported by the result of the analysis by using inferential statistic testing: testing the significance of two independent samples, in order to see the effect of economic activities in considering the house construction and development between the womenfolk who participate in their domestic economic with the womenfolk who don't participate. The expected result from the analysis process is the significance of womenfolk's consideration differences towards the construction and development of their houses. From the differences, it can be found out how the space changes occur after the economic business has done. These changes are also related to the changes occur on womenfolk's roles in local custom concepts. The results of this research are expected to become a recommendation for further scientific researches about the relationship between womenfolk's roles and their occupied houses, especially to evaluate the roles and womenfolk's position in the construction of housings and settlements from the point of view of sociology, economy, and culture. Related to the housing development programs, it is very expected that the results of this research can be continued with real and applicable programs of woman efficiency, especially in the research location, in increasing the prosperity of the housings and the settlements.

Keywords: perempuan; aktivitas ekonomi; perubahan ruang dalam rumah; woman; economic activities; space changes in the house
Subject:  Ekonomi
Date Create: 22/12/2006
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 235 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003018397
Collection ID: 3100040019127
Call Number: 305.4 Wij p

Theses Civil Engineering RTA 305.4 Wij, 2003

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