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ITS » Scientific Articles » TEKNIK SIPIL - D3
Posted by tatas@ce.its.ac.id at 18/03/2016 13:18:31  •  821 Views


SIMULASI PENGARUH KEMIRINGAN ATAP RUMAH TERHADAP HUJAN PASIR ERUPSI GUNUNG API

Author :
TATAS ( 198006212005011002 )
WIDODO, AMIEN   MACHSUS; IMAADUDDIIN, MUHAMMAD HAFIIZH




ABSTRAK

Letusan vulkanologi Gunung Bromo pada Tahun 2011 memberikan dampak kerusakan dan kerugian bagi masyarakat di empat kabupaten sekitarnya yaitu Kabupaten Probolinggo Kabupaten Pasuruan Kabupaten Malang dan Kabupaten Lumajang. Hujan pasir yang terjadi menyebabkan daerah di sekitar puncak tertutup pasir hingga radius lebih dari lima kilometer. Pasir tersebut menutup atap-atap permukiman serta sarana dan prasarana umum lainnya seperti sekolah dan jalan. Letusan yang terjadi di musim hujan menyebabkan pasir yang menutup atap rumah menjadi lebih lekat dan berat. Hal tersebut menyebabkan beban berat pada atap permukiman. Karena atap bangunan tidak didesain untuk beban yang lebih besar maka hal tersebut menyebabkan struktur atap tidak mampu menahan beban pasir sehingga atap permukiman banyak yang runtuh. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk memberikan solusi bagi rumah-rumah yang berada di sekitar gunung berapi agar apabila terjadi hujan pasir pasir dapat dengan mudah tergelincir turun sehingga tidak terkumpul di atap rumah. Metode yang digunakan adalah dengan melakukan simulasi hujan pasir pada berbagai jenis atap genteng tanah dan beton seng dan asbes. Pasir yang digunakan adalah pasir yang diambil dari hasil letusan Gunung Bromo di Tahun 2011 dengan kondisi pasir kering dan basah. Hasil akhir penelitian yang diperoleh adalah variasi kemiringan atap sehingga hujan pasir yang mungkin terjadi tidak terkumpul di atas atap.


ABSTRACT

Volcanic eruption of Mount Bromo in 2011 caused damage and loss to the community in four surrounding districts which are Probolinggo Pasuruan Malang and Lumajang. Rain of sand caused the area around mountain top covered with sand up to five kilometers. Sand covered the roofs of residentials as well as public facilities and infrastructures such as schools and roads. The eruption that occurred in the rainy season caused sand that covered the roofs became more tacky and heavier which caused a heavy load on roofs of residential. Because the roof of the building was not designed for larger loads it caused the roof structures failed to withstand the load of sand and consequently a lot of roof structures collapsed. This study was conducted to provide a solution for houses in and around the volcano area so that in case of rain of sand the sand can easily slip down and does not accumulate on the roof of the houses. The method of study was to perform simulations of sand rain on different types of roofing tile soil and concrete zinc and asbestos. The sand used in this study was taken from the eruption of Mount Bromo in 2011 with dry and wet conditions. The final result obtained was the variation slope of the roof in which the sand was not accumulated on the roof.



Keywordspasir vulkanik; kemiringan atap rumah; Gunung Bromo; volcanic sand; slope of the roof; Mount Bromo
 
Subject:  Pasir vulkanik
Date Create: 00/08/2015
Type: Text
Format: PDF
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Article-31005160009937
Collection ID: 31005160009937
Call Number: 551.21 Tat s


Source
article of Jurnal APLIKASI Volume 13, Nomor 2, Agustus 2015 ISSN.1907-753X

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Jurnal APLIKASI Volume 13, Nomor 2, Agustus 2015




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ITS-Article-31005160009937-40886.pdf




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