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ITS » Master Theses » Tek. Teknik Transportasi Kelautan - S2
Posted by ida at 22/12/2006 16:53:11  •  33182 Views


THE STUDY OF EXTERNALITY FACTOR INFLUENCE TO RFR Required Freight Rate OF KETAPANG-GILIMANUK CROSSING TRANSPORTATION SERVICE

Author :
Irma Rustini A  




ABSTRAK

Jasa angkutan penyeberangan merupakan sarana transportasi pemindahan barang dan penumpang antar pulau yang mengalami peningkatan sejalan dengan meningkatnya jumlah penduduk. Namun perusahaan-perusahaan angkutan penyeberangan terancam bangkrut disebabkan oleh meningkatnya biaya operasional sedangkan pendapatan relatif tetap. Melihat kenyataan tersebut maka perlu dilakukan kajian yang lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui berapa besar tarif yang dikehendaki perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut yang sebenarnya. Tarif ini disebut dengan RFR Required Freight Rate. Perhitungan RFR Required Freight Rate ini menyertakan unsur eksternalitas yang pada umumnya belum termasuk dalam perhitungan biaya operasional per tahunnya sehingga biaya operasional kapal terdiri dari biaya internal dan biaya eksternal. Metode yang digunakan untuk menghitung biaya eksternal ini adalah metode Stated Preference yaitu dengan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat pengambilan datanya. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah nilai RFR untuk penumpang adalah berkisar antara Rp 1.879- hingga Rp 8.725- sedangkan nilai RFR untuk kendaraan dan barang adalah berkisar antara Rp 10.769- - Rp 40.744-. Faktor eksternal belum berpengaruh pada RFR penyeberangan Ketapang-Gilimanuk. Katakunci Biaya Internal Biaya Ekstemal RFR Required Freight Rate Metode Stated Preference.


ABSTRACT

Crossing transportation service is an inter island goods and passengers removal means which experienced such an improvement in line with the increasing number of population. However nowadays many crossing transportation companies has threatened by bankruptcy which caused by the increasing number of the operational costs while their revenue is relatively constant. Considering the fact mentioned above it seems that we need to conduct a further study that aimed to identify how much the fee or tariff that those crossing transportation companies are really preferred. Such tariff called the RFR Required Freight Rate. The RFR Required Freight Rate calculation includes the externality element which is generally havent included in per year operational costs calculation yet. Therefore the ship operational costs would include those costs and external costs. The method applied to calculate such operational costs is the Stated Preference method by using questionnaires as the data generating tool. This study result indicated that RFR value of passengers is about Rp 1.879-to Rp 8.725- while the RFR value for vehicles and goods are about Rp 10.769- to Rp 40.744-. There is nothing externality factor that affecting the RFR yet.



KeywordsBiaya Internal; Biaya Ekstemal; RFR (Required Freight Rate;); Metode Stated Preference.
 
Subject:  Lalu Lintas Air
Contributor
  1. Ir. Setijoprajudo, M.SE
    Soebagyo, SE
Date Create: 22/12/2006
Type: Text
Format: pdf ; 48 pages
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100003018397
Collection ID: 3100002014748
Call Number: 388.049 Irm k


Source
Theses Marine Engineering RT 388.049 Irm k, 2001

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