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ITS » Master Theses » Rekayasa Kualitas S2
Posted by zamrud@its.ac.id at 26/07/2012 07:28:34  •  1817 Views


MODEL EFEKTIVITAS KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER PERGURUAN TINGGI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE INDUSTRI KECIL DAN MENENGAH IKM LOGAM DENGAN PENDEKATAN STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING SEM

MODEL OF STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING SEM FOR EFFECTIVENESS KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OR UNIVERSITY METAL SMALL AND MEDIUM INDUSTRIES SMEs FOR IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

Author :
KHOIRIYAH, NUZULIA ( 2507201201 )




ABSTRAK

Perkembangan IKM di Indonesia tidak terlepas dari permasalahan seperti keterbatasan modal SDM teknologi yang dimiliki pemasaran persaingan dengan produk sejenis dari luar negeri. Perguruan tinggi PT sebagai pusat ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi sudah seharusnya turut serta dalam membantu menyelesaikan persoalan IKM. Hal tersebut sesuai dengan Tri Dharma perguruan tinggi penelitian dan pengabdian pada masyarakat.Peran PT dalam memberdayakan IKM lebih ditekankan pada transfer ilmu pengetahuan knowledge transfer. Knowledge transfer di Indonesia belum berkembang dengan baik dikarenakan fasilitas yang minim PT lebih menitikberatkan aktivitas pembelajaran dibanding aktivitas riset serta hasil riset PT yang kurang berdaya guna bagi IKM. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui faktor faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi efektivitas dari knowledge transfer PT terhadap IKM mengetahui apakah ada pengaruh efektivitas knowledge transfer terhadap keunggulan kompetitif IKM serta mengembangkan model efektivitas knowledge transfer PT untuk meningkatkan keunggulan kompetitif IKM. Responden pada penelitian adalah pelaku IKM logam di daerah Waru Sidoarjo dan Ceper Klaten. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan SEM dengan software LISREL 8.50. Dilakukan pengujian terhadap 10 variabel laten yang terdiri dari 8 variabel independent dan 2 variabel dependent untuk mengetahui pengaruh efektivitas knowledge transfer terhadap keunggulan kompetitif IKM. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap efektivitas knowledge transfer PT - IKM karakteristik dan perspektif perguruan tinggi karakteristik dan perspektif industri dukungan infrastruktur tipe knowledge. Faktor yang tidak berpengaruh terhadap efektivitas knowledge transfer adalah mekanisme knowledge transfer proses kontrol dan kepemimpinan. Faktor ketidakpastian lingkungan dan efektivitas knowledge transfer terbukti berpengaruh terhadap competitive advantage IKM. Pengujian menyatakan bahwa model kurang fit dalam menggambarkan efektivitas knowledge transfer PT untuk meningkatkan competitive advantage IKM logam sehingga perlu dilakukan modifikasi model. Hasil modifikasi menunjukkan model cukup fit .


ABSTRACT

Problem development of SME in Indonesia is indicated by important factors facing the country limitation of capital incompetence human resources undeveloped technology and highly marketing position and competitors. According to basic principal of Tri Dharma Higher education institution or university education research and community development higher education institution HEI or university should take a main role of solving the SMEs problem due to the capability for sources of knowledge. In order to revitalize the SME surrounding a higher education institution or university is hoped to transfer their knowledge to the SMEs however they existed for this time being focused in education activities and research activities which are less relevant with problems of SMEs in Indonesia. This research concerns to transfer knowledge problem from HEI or university to SMEs by which allow us to analysis the relationship effectiveness of knowledge transfer from HEI or university to competitiveness of SMEs selected. This research focused on the selected SME as respondents whom activity on metal working industry located closed to Waru Sidoarjo and Ceper Klaten. Survey is conducted to 10 latent variables consist of 8 independent variables and 2 dependent variables which are hypothetically important to be considered in effectiveness of knowledge transfer. The research shows that the main influence factors to effectiveness knowledge transfer from HEI or university namely the HEI or university characteristic and perspective the industry characteristic and perspective support structure and type of knowledge. The non influence factors of knowledge transfer effectiveness found in this research are knowledge transfer mechanism process control and leadership. The environment uncertainty and knowledge transfer effectiveness seem to be important factors in getting influence to the SMEs competitive advantage. The conducted research also concludes that the model does not fit to deploy the knowledge transfer effectiveness of HEI or university to improve the competitive advantage of SME. Therefore model modification is required which in turn the model by that modification would be getting fit.



KeywordsIKM; Knowledge transfer; competitive advantage; SEM
 
Subject:  Manajemen perindustrian
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. Ir. Udisubakti Ciptomulyono, M. Eng. Sc.
  2. Ir. H. Hari Supriyanto,MSIE.
Date Create: 25/07/2011
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100012045777
Collection ID: 3100012045777
Call Number: RTI 658.5 Kho m


Source
Theses Industrial Engineering, RTI 658.5 Kho m, 2011

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-20204-Abstract_id.pdf - 1386 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-20204-Abstract_en.pdf - 1725 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-20204-Conclusion-710261.pdf - 694 KB
  4.  ITS-Master-20204-Paper-1877699.pdf - 1834 KB




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