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ITS » Master Theses » Teknik Rekayasa Pengendalian Ling. S2
Posted by dee@its.ac.id at 09/05/2012 15:01:18  •  1701 Views


STUDY ON IMPROVEMENT OF SANITATION TO ACHIEVE OPEN DEFECATION FREE KARANGASEM SUB IN BALI

Author :
WIDHASWARI, MADE YATI  ( 3310202712 )




ABSTRAK

Peningkatan sanitasi diupayakan pemerintah Kabupaten Karangasem agar sejalan dengan target nasional yang tertuang dalam Millenium Development Goals MDGs. BPS 2010a menyebutkan bahwa 48 rumah tangga di Kabupaten Karangasem tidak memiliki fasilitas pembuangan tinja. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menganalisis kondisi sosial teknis dan kelembagaan sanitasi kemudian ditentukan upaya-upaya untuk mewujudkan Kecamatan Karangasem yang terbebas dari Buang Air Besar Sembarangan BABS. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi wawancara dan kuesioner. Wawancara in depth interview dilakukan terhadap tokoh masyarakat dan dinas terkait sedangkan kueisoner dibagikan secara acak berstrata. Sampel responden berjumlah 96 orang yang disebar ke 3 tiga desa. Desa tersebut ditentukan dengan cluster sampling. Selain itu dilakukan pula survei sekunder ke Bappeda Dinas Kesehatan Dinas PU Dinas Kebersihan Pertamanan serta Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pemerintahan Desa BPMPD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingginya prosentase masyarakat yang buang air besar sembarangan BABS 43. Beberapa penyebabnya yaitu a kondisi sosial masyarakat jarang mendapat penyuluhan terkait sanitasi tidak mengetahui dampak dari BABS kemampuan pembiayaan pembangunan jamban yang rendah jarang terserang diare b kondisi teknis akses yang dekat dan mudah ke kebunsungai untuk BAB keterbatasan lahan untuk membangun jamban di rumah minimnya ketersediaan air bersih. Permasalahan air bersih sebagai syarat utama jamban terlebih dahulu harus dapat diatasi misalnya distribusi menggunakan mobil tangki yang diprakarsai Dinas PU bekerja sama dengan PDAM. Peningkatan pengetahuan dan perilaku masyarakat dilakukan menggunakan metode pemicuan yang diprakarsai Dinas Kesehatan bekerja sama dengan sanitarian di Puskesmas. Sistem setempat atau on site system layak diterapkan individual dan komunal dengan WC sentor jongkokleher angsa dan dudukan kayubeton berpenutup sebagai dudukan jamban serta cubluk kembar tangki septik-sistem resapan dan ABR sebagai pengolah tinjanya.


ABSTRACT

Improved sanitation Karangasem regency government pursued in line with national targets contained in the Millennium Development Goals MDGs. BPS 2010a mentions that 48 of households in Karangasem district has no excreta disposal facilities. This study aimed to analyze the social technical and institutional sanitation and determined efforts to realize Open Defecation Free ODF at the Karangasem district. Primary data was collected through observation interviews and questionnaires. In depth interviews made to the community and related agencies while questionnaires distributed randomly stratified. Sample of respondents numbered 96 people dispersed to 3 three villages. The village is determined by cluster sampling. In addition the survey also conducted secondary to Planning and Regional Development Bappeda Department of Health Dinas Kesehatan Department of Public Works Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Department of Hygiene Landscaping Dinas Kebersihan dan Pertamanan and Community Empowerment Board Village Government Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Pemerintahan DaerahBPMPD. The results showed a high percentage of people who defecate haphazardly openly 43. Some causes are a social conditions people rarely get counseling related to sanitation not knowing the impact of open defecation the ability to finance the construction of latrines is low rarely diarrhea b the technical conditions a close and easy access to the gardenriver for open defecation limited land to build a latrine at home lack of availability of clean water. Water issues as a key condition latrines must first be overcome such as the distribution of the water tanker that was initiated using the Department of Public Works Dinas Pekerjaan Umum in cooperation with the local water company PDAM. Increased knowledge and behavior are conducted using the method triggers initiated in collaboration with Department of Health Dinas Kesehatan and Sanitarian at Community Health Center Puskesmas. On-site system is feasible individual and communal which the technology of sanitation may use are a pour flush latrine reed odorless earth closet as well as double vault composting toilet septic tank-soakway and Anaerobic Baffled Reactor ABR as the sullage dispossal facilities.



KeywordsSanitasi; Jamban sehat; Perubahan perilaku; Bebas BABS
 
Subject:  teknologi sanitasi
Contributor
  1. Dr. Ir. Nieke Karnaningroem, M.Sc
Date Create: 10/02/2012
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Master-3100012046294
Collection ID: 3100012046294
Call Number: RTL 628 Wid k


Source
Master Thesis of Environment Engineering, RTL 628 Wid k, 2012

Coverage
ITS Community

Rights
Copyright @2012 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Master-18824-3310202712-Abstract_id.pdf - 300 KB
  2.  ITS-Master-18824-3310202712-Abstract_en.pdf - 256 KB
  3.  ITS-Master-18824-3310202712-Conclusion.pdf - 253 KB




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