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ITS » Undergraduate Theses » Teknik Fisika S1
Posted by taujack@its.ac.id at 21/11/2011 13:01:02  •  2120 Views


CHARACTERIZATION OF BAMBOO FIBER AND GLASS FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS AS AN ALTERNATIVE RAW MATERIAL INDUSTRI

Author :
PORWANTO, DANIEL ANDRI  ( 2403100075 )




ABSTRAK

Dalam tugas akhir ini dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui karakteristik bahan komposit berpenguat serat bambu dan serat glass sebagai alternatif bahan baku industri. Adapun penelitian ini terbagi dalam beberapa tahapan. Tahap pertama pembuatan spesimen komposit dengan masing-masing penguat dengan fraksi volume 2.5 5 7.5 10 12.5 dan spesimen tanpa penguat atau fraksi volume 0 sebagai pembanding. Bahan polimer yang digunakan yaitu poliester BQTN 157-EX Yukalac sebagai matriksnya. Pembuatan spesimen dengan menggunakan metode hand lay-up. Tahap kedua yaitu pengujian bahan komposit. Pengujian yang dilakukan yaitu uji tarik dan uji densitas bahan komposit. Uji tarik dilakukan menggunakan standar ASTM D 638M-84 M-1. Tahap ketiga yaitu hasil analisa data dan pembahasan. Dari hasil peneletian diperoleh kesimpulan pengaruh fraksi volume serat terhadap karakteristik sampel komposit tidak menunjukkan tren yang seharusnya hal ini dikarenakan banyaknya void pada sampel komposit baik komposit berpenguat serat bambu maupun berpenguat serat gelas diperoleh nilai karakteristik yang mendekati ideal pada masing-masing fraksi volume 25 komposit polimer berpenguat serat bambu pada fraksi volume 25 memiliki karakteristik paling mendekati ideal yakni memiliki kekuatan tarik sebesar 3857 MPa modulus elastisitas sebesar 132692 MPa dan densitas sebesar 1203 gramml dan material komposit polimer berpenguat serat bambu pada fraksi volume penguat 25 dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif bahan baku industri yaitu menggantikan bahan baja rolan untuk ketel sesuai standar JIS G3103.


ABSTRACT

In this thesis conducted research to determine the characteristics bamboo fiber and glass fiber reinforced composite materials as an alternative raw material industry. The research is divided into several stages. The first stage its manufacture of composite specimens with volume fraction reinforced is 2.5 5 7.5 10 12.5 and make composite specimens without reinforcement or volume fraction 0 as a comparison. Polyester BQTN 157-EX Yukalac is polymer material thats as a matrix function. The methods make composites is used by hand lay-up. The second stage is testing composite materials. The tests of composite material is tensile test thats performed by using the standard ASTM D 638M-84 M-1 and the other is density test. The third stage is the data analysis and conclusion. From the results experiment we concluded that the influence of fiber volume fraction on the characteristics of composite samples did not show a trend that should be this is because the number of voids on composite samples. Either composite material that reinforced by bamboo fiber nor glass fiber get to obtained value that nearly ideal characteristics at fraction volume 2 5. Polymer composites that reinforced bamboo fiber at volume fraction of 2.5 has the most nearly ideal characteristics that have a tensile strength of 38.57 MPa elasticity modulus of 1326.92 MPa and density of 1.203 gram ml. It can be used as an alternative raw material industry thats replacing steel kettle Rolan by using standard JIS G3103.



KeywordsKarakterisasi; Komposit; Penguat; Bambu; Gelas; Alternatif; Industri
 
Subject:  Material komposit
Contributor
  1. LIZDA JOHAR MAWARANI, ST.MT.
Date Create: 21/11/2011
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-Undergraduate-3100011042578
Collection ID: 3100011042578
Call Number: RSF 620.118 Por k


Source
Undergraduate Thesis, physics Engineering, RSF 620.118 Por k, 2011

Coverage
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Rights
Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




[ Download - Open Access ]

  1.  ITS-Undergraduate-16164-2403100075-Abstract_id.pdf - 86 KB
  2.  ITS-Undergraduate-16164-2403100075-Abstract_en.pdf - 931 KB
  3.  ITS-Undergraduate-16164-2403100075-Conclusion.pdf - 89 KB
  4.  ITS-Undergraduate-16164-2403100075-Paper.pdf - 598 KB




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