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ITS » Paper and Presentation » Teknik Rekayasa Pengendalian Ling. S2
Posted by aprill@is.its.ac.id at 07/01/2015 18:26:28  •  1275 Views


STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PENGELOLAAN AIR LIMBAH DOMESTIK BERBASIS MASYARAKAT DI KECAMATAN KOTA DAN KECAMATAN KALIANGET KABUPATEN SUMENEP

STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY-BASED DOMESTIC WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN THE KOTA DISTRICT AND KALIANGET DISTRICT OF SUMENEP REGION

Author :
WICAHYO, ANDRI ( 3311202817 )




ABSTRAK

Kabupaten Sumenep merupakan daerah pesisir dan salah satu penghasil garam terbesar di Indonesia. Kondisi pengelolaan air limbah domestik berbasis masyarakat di Kecamatan Kota dan Kecamatan Kalianget belum berkembang. Permasalahan yang terjadi belum terpenuhinya kebutuhan prasarana dasar sesuai target RPJMN MDGs dan RTRW Kabupaten Sumenep. Lembaga pengelola pada instansi Pemerintah Kabupaten Sumenep dan masyarakat kurang optimal serta tidak ada peran sektor swasta. Pendanaan pengelolaan air limbah domestik oleh Pemerintah Daerah belum mencukupi kebutuhan prasarana dasar. Tujuan penelitian untuk menentukan strategi pengembangan pengelolaan air limbah domestik berbasis masyarakat di Kecamatan Kota dan Kecamatan Kalianget Kabupaten Sumenep pada aspek teknis kelembagaan dan peraturan peran serta masyarakat dan swasta serta pendanaan. Penelitian dimulai dengan observasi pada 14 empat belas desa tes kualitas air kuisioner sebanyak 165 sampel dan wawancara. Pengumpulan data kondisi eksisting peraturan dan kebijakan baik dari Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi serta Pusat hasil studi dan penelitian yang telah dilakukan. Analisis secara diskriptif pada aspek teknis kelembagaan dan peraturan peran serta masyarakat dan swasta serta pendanaan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis pada 4 empat aspek dilakukan penentuan strategi pengembangan pengelolaan air limbah domestik berbasis masyarakat dengan analisis SWOT. Penentuan lokasi dengan skala prioritas menggunakan analisis Rapid Participatory Assesment RPA. Hasil analisis pemenuhan prasarana menggunakan sistem on site individu dan komunal dengan teknologi tangki septik bio-digester anaerobic buffle rector dan bed evapotranspiration jasa tanaman. Penurunan jumlah penduduk yang belum terpenuhi akses air limbah di Kecamatan Kota dari 8 menjadi 44 2014 40 2015 dan 16 2019. Penurunan di Kecamatan Kalianget dari 41 menjadi 2255 2014 2050 2015 dan 820 2019. Peningkatan layanan di Kecamatan Kota dari teknologi cubluk menjadi tangki septik dari 3171 2013 menjadi 4198 2019. Pembentukan lembaga pengelola IPLT dan lembaga tingkat masyarakat KSM. Peningkatan pendanaan melalui Pemerintah Daerah 10 masyarakat 1 swasta 10 Pemerintah Pusat sedangkan kontribusi tenaga masyarakat senilai 6909 dari nilai konstruksi. Strategi pelaksanaan program secara bertahap mulai tahun 2014 sampai dengan tahun 2019 dengan prioritas kegiatan pada 7 tujuh desa MBR.


ABSTRACT

Sumenep Region is a coastal areas and one the largest of salt producer in Indonesia. The Conditions management of community-based domestic wastewater in the Kota District and Kalianget District was undeveloped. Problems occurred has not fulfilled the basic infrastructure needs of targeted PJMN MDGs and Sumenep Region RTRW. Management institution at Sumenep Region government and community wasnt optimal and there was not the role of private sector. The Funding of domestic wastewater management by the Local Government has not been sufficient basic infrastructure needs. The Research obejective to determining strategy development of community-based domestic waste water management in the Kota District and Kalianget District of Sumenep Region on technical aspects institutional and regulatory community and private participation and funding. Research was began with the observation of 14 fourteen villages water quality tests 165 samples questionnaires and interviews. The data collecting of existing condition regulatory and policy from Local Province and Central Goverment the results of studies and research that has been done. Descriptive analysis of the technic institution and regulatory community and private participation and funding aspects. Pursuant to result analyze on 4 four aspects to determine strategy development of of community-based domestic wastewater management with SWOT analysis. Determining location of the priority scale using analysis Participatory Rapid Assessment RPA. The analysis results of infrastructure compliance using individual on site and communal sistem with septic tank bio-digester anaerobic baffle rector and bed evapotranspiration plant services technologies. Lowering wastewater access unmet of population in the Kota District from 8 to 4.4 2014 4.0 2015 and 1.6 2019. Lowering in the Kalianget District from 41 to 22.55 2014 20.50 2015 and 8.20 2019. Improvement of services in the District Kota from latrine technology into septic tank technology service level 31.71 2013 to 41.98 2019. The establishment of IPLT management institutions and community-level organization KSM. The Increased funding through the Local Government 10 community 1 and private 10 Central Government whereas contribution of labor community valued at 69.09 from construction value. Strategy of program implementation has gradually from 2014 until 2019 with a priority activity at 7 seven MBR villages.



KeywordsPengelolaan berbasis masyarakat; sistem on site individu dan komunal
 
Subject:  pemurnian
Contributor
  1. Prof. Dr. Ir. Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo, MSc.ES
Date Create: 07/01/2015
Type: Text
Format: pdf
Language: Indonesian
Identifier: ITS-paper-33121150006769
Collection ID: 33121150006769
Call Number: RTL 628.3 Wic s


Source
Paper and Presentations, Environment Engineering, RTL 628.3 Wic s, 2014

Coverage
ITS Community

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Copyright @2015 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding permission(s), write to ITS Library




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